Archives par mot-clé : violence policière

Hội Cựu Tù Nhân Lương Tâm Việt Nam : Báo cáo vi phạm nhân quyền Việt Nam 2015-2016

[ndlr] Rapport de l’Association des anciens prisonniers de conscience du Viêt-Nam sur trois années de répression (2014-2015-2016). Une analyse autour de 4 axes : harcèlement, répression, violences et arrestation. A lire sur le site de l’Association.

Réalisé par les anciens prisonniers d’opinion suivants : Le Dr. Nguyễn Đan Quế, le Père Phan Văn Lợi, le Vénérable Thích Không Tánh, l’agrégé Phạm Bá Hải, l’avocat Lê Công Định,  le journaliste indépendant Phạm Chí Dũng, les ingénieurs Lê Thăng Long et Phạm Văn Trội.

Selon cette organisation, il y a actuellement (en date du 27/02/2017) 66 prisonniers d’opinion en RSVN, purgeant des peines de prison de 20 mois (pour Can Thi Theu) à la réclusion à perpétuité (pour Phan Van Thu). Parmi ceux-ci on compte 28 prisonniers condamnés à des peines de 10 à 17 ans ; 21 à des peines de 3 à 9 ans et 15 dont les peines ne sont pas connues.

Source : http://fvpoc.org/

Image “à la une” : l’évolution de la répression de 2014 à 2016, en page 3 du rapport.

Répression d’une manifestation contre la pollution à Ninh Hòa, province de Khánh Hòa

[ndlr] Matinée du 12 août 2016, commune de Ninh Hoa, province de Khanh Hoa : répression d’une manifestation contre le projet de construction d’une usine de traitement de déchets dangereux. Séquences vidéographiques.

KHÁNH HÒA (CTM Media) – Người dân xã Ninh Hòa bảo vệ môi trường, phản đối nhà máy môi trường Khánh Hòa xây dựng nhà máy xử lý chất thải độc hại gần khu dân cư hôm nay đã đụng dộ với công an khi lực lượng này đến đàn áp dân.

Được biết từ ngày 4/8 sau khi được tin nhà máy xử lý rác thải nguy hại của Công ty môi trường Khánh Hòa hoạt động trở lại, hàng trăm người dân thị xã Ninh Hòa, tỉnh Khánh Hòa đã bỏ việc, tập trung đón chặn xe chở rác thải độc hại gây ô nhiễm đến đỏ tại đây. Theo người dân địa phương, hiện có 5 nguồn thải lớn nơi dân chúng sinh sống nên đã ô nhiễm rất nặng nề như các chất thải khác như nghĩa địa Ninh An, bãi rác Hòn Rọ, nhà máy trộn bêtông của Công ty Việt Đức và rất nhiều nhà máy khác, nay lại thêm nhà máy này nữa nên người dân lo ngại ở đây rồ sẽ “thành thành làng ung thư” nệ đứng ra tự bảo vệ.

Nguồn video Fb Nguyễn Chi Sương và Lê Khôi TV.

Source : CTM Media

Viêt-Nam : les prisonniers d’opinion torturés dans les prisons [Amnesty International]

[ndlr] Le nouveau rapport d’Amnesty International publié le 12 juillet 2016 sur les conditions de détentions des prisonniers d’opinion en République socialiste du Viêt-Nam. Accablant.

Dans le rapport “Des prisons à l’intérieur des prisons : la torture et les mauvais traitements des prisonniers d’opinion au Viêt-Nam”, nous avons documenté les pratiques de disparition forcée, mise à l’isolement et torture contre les prisonniers d’opinion, dans ce pays considéré comme l’un des plus fermé au monde.

DES PRISONNIERS TORTURÉS POUR LEUR SOUTIRER DES AVEUX

Dar a passé 5 ans derrière les barreaux. Les 10 premiers mois de sa détention, ils les a passés à l’isolement dans une minuscule cellule, dans l’obscurité la plus complète et dans un silence total. Pendant les deux premiers mois, on est venu le chercher chaque jour pour l’interroger et le rouer de coups.

Les autorités lui ont infligé des décharges électriques, lui ont fait passer le long de sa jambe un morceau de papier enflammé, lui brûlant la peau. Ils l’ont contraint à supporter des positions inconfortables et douloureuses pendant huit heures d’affilée. Il a également été frappé à coups de bâton, de tube en caoutchouc, de poing et de pied.

Un jour, des policiers l’ont pendu par les bras au plafond pendant un quart d’heure et l’ont frappé. Plusieurs fois, des policiers, ivres semble-t-il, ont fait irruption dans sa cellule au beau milieu de la nuit pour le rouer de nouveau de coups.

Dar était emprisonné en raison de son appartenance ethnique.

De nombreux anciens prisonniers interrogés par Amnesty International ont indiqué que la torture et les mauvais traitements avaient été particulièrement violents durant leur détention provisoire, car les autorités voulaient leur arracher des « aveux ».

Lire la suite : Amnesty International, 12/07/2016.

Téléchargez le rapport (PDF) ci-dessous :

Des prisons à l’intérieur des prisons

Les cas présentés dans ce rapport illustrent le fossé qui existe au Viêt-Nam entre les promesses faites en public de mettre un terme à la torture et aux autres mauvais traitements et la réalité telle que la vivent les prisonniers d’opinion incarcérés dans les centres de détention et les prisons du pays.
Index AI : ASA 41/4187/2016
Date de publication : 12 juillet 2016

Cambodge : trois morts lors de la répression d’une manifestation [AFP / Le Monde]

[ndlr] L’information a rapidement fait le tour des agences de presse.

La police cambodgienne a ouvert le feu vendredi 3 janvier à Phnom Penh sur une manifestation d’ouvriers du textile, causant la mort d’au moins trois personnes, dernier épisode violent d’une mobilisation qui dure depuis des semaines pour réclamer des augmentations de salaires.

ManifestationCambodgeOuvriersTextile3-1-2014
Des travailleurs sont arrêtés par la police lors d’une manifestation le 3 janvier à Phnom Penh. © Reuters/Samrang Pring

Les tirs ont eu lieu alors que des milliers d’ouvriers bloquaient une route devant leur usine et que certains manifestants, armés de bâtons, de pierres et de cocktails Molotov, s’opposaient aux forces de l’ordre.

La police militaire a d’abord effectué des tirs de semonce avant d’ouvrir le feu directement sur les manifestants, selon un photographe de l’AFP. « Trois personnes sont mortes et deux ont été blessées », a déclaré à l’AFP Chuon Narin, commissaire adjoint de la police de Phnom Penh.

La mobilisation des ouvriers du textile, qui coïncide avec des manifestations de l’opposition réclamant le départ du premier ministre, Hun Sen, avait déjà conduit, en novembre 2013, à la mort d’une femme par balle.
« Cette fois, ils ont utilisé des fusils », a dénoncé Chan Soveth, du groupe de défense des droits de l’homme Adhoc, qui était sur place, assurant qu’une dizaine de manifestants avaient été grièvement blessés. […]

« Nous déplorons ces violences, que nous condamnons avec la plus grande vigueur, a déclaré vendredi à l’AFP le chef de l’opposition Sam Rainsy. C’est une tentative inacceptable de casser non pas seulement une grève ouvrière, mais (…) le mouvement ouvrier dans son ensemble. Et, derrière le mouvement ouvrier, de casser le mouvement démocratique qui est en train de se développer au Cambodge. »

Lire la suite : Le Monde, 03/01/2014.

Voir également :

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Deadly Clash Erupt Between Cambodian Police and Striking Workers. The violence comes amid upheaval in Cambodia over the nation’s political future.

United States Commission on International Religious Freedom – Vietnam in the 2013 Annual Report

USCIRF-Logo[ndlr] Le rapport annuel de la Commission des Etats-Unis sur la liberté religieuse dans le monde vient d’être mis en ligne le 30 avril 2013. Le Viêt-Nam a été réinscrit sur la liste des pays concernés par les violations en matière de droits religieux. Le rapport pointe du doigt le rôle d’une force de police spécialisée dite “Police des religions” (Công An Tôn Giáo) pour réprimer les groupes religieux indépendants (bouddhistes, caodaïstes, Hoa Hao ou protestants) ou les jeunes catholiques.  Cette publication officielle est divulguée alors que 5 groupes religieux importants ont publiés ce 1er mai 2013 une “Déclaration commune” en faveur de la démocratie dans le cadre de la refonte de la constitution de 1992.

Présentation succincte du rapport de l’USCIRF ci-dessous. A lire sur le site de l’organisation.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

FINDINGS: The government of Vietnam continues to expand control over all religious activities, severely restrict independent religious practice, and repress individuals and religious groups it views as challenging its authority. Religious activity continues to grow in Vietnam and the government has made some important changes in the past decade in response to international attention, including from its designation as a “country of particular concern” (CPC). Nevertheless, authorities continue to imprison or detain individuals for reasons related to their religious activity or religious freedom advocacy; independent religious activity remains repressed; the government maintains a specialized police for dealing with religious groups; legal protections for government-approved religious organizations are subject to arbitrary or discriminatory interpretations based on political factors; and converts to ethnic-minority Protestantism and Catholicism face discrimination, intimidation, and pressure to renounce their faith.

Given these systematic, ongoing, and egregious violations, USCIRF recommends that Vietnam be designated as a Country of Particular Concern country. The Commission has recommended that Vietnam be named a CPC since 2001. The State Department did so in 2004 and 2005, but removed the designation in 2006 because of progress toward fulfilling a binding agreement.

In this reporting period, groups and individuals viewed as hostile to the Communist Party or that refuse government oversight were arrested, detained, and harassed. Vietnam also issued a revised decree on religion that expanded control over religious affairs. Government officials continued to target Catholic communities, including with destruction of properties, detentions, and arrests. Police used force against Catholic clergy engaged in religious activities and continue to restrict members of the Redemptorist Order. Independent Protestants and Catholics in the Central Highlands were detained, beaten, and arrested in an ongoing campaign to repress their activities. Hoa Hao activists were sentenced for documenting religious freedom violations. Independent Hoa Hoa congregations, Cao Dai and Khmer Buddhist temples, and United Buddhist Church of Vietnam (UBCV) pagodas faced harassment and restrictions. Human rights defender Le Quoc Quan was arrested and is being held without charge.

PRIORITY RECOMMENDATIONS: The U.S. government should use its diplomatic and political resources to advance religious freedom and related human rights in Vietnam. The United States should use the CPC designation to spur high level engagement and achieve measurable improvements. Overall, U.S. policy, programs, and public statements should support those in Vietnam peacefully seeking greater freedoms and the rule of law. USCIRF recommends that any expansion of U.S. economic or security assistance programs in Vietnam be linked with human rights progress and the creation of new and sustainable initiatives in religious freedom and programs in rule of law and civil society development. Additional recommendations and benchmarks for U.S. policy toward Vietnam can be found at the end of this chapter.

Click here to view USCIRF’s 2013 Annual Report (PDF)

Cambodian Activist Awarded for Work on Land Rights

Tep Vanny visits RFA in Washington, March 31, 2013. ® RFA
Tep Vanny visits RFA in Washington, March 31, 2013. ® RFA

Cambodian land rights activist Tep Vanny has received an international award for leading a battle against forced evictions with a vow to spare no efforts to win the freedom of a jailed fellow campaigner.

The housewife, who has been representing evicted residents from the Boeung Kak lake neighborhood in Phnom Penh which was razed to make way for a luxury residential development, was on Tuesday presented with the Leadership in Public Life Award by Vital Voices—a Washington-based organization which trains women leaders and social entrepreneurs.

“To me—just like other women in Boeung Kak who are suffering from forced evictions—this award is very meaningful,” Tep Vanny said during her acceptance speech at the award gala, which was also attended by U.S. Vice President Joe Biden and former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.

“It means that the whole world has heard their voices and that the world is showing support for the Boeung Kak villagers. They don’t have to be alone anymore.”

She vowed to continue her demand for compensation for the more than 4,000 families who were relocated from the site since 2008 when Chinese-Cambodian company Shukaku Inc. grabbed their land and began draining the lake for commercial development.

“When I return I will continue my campaign,” she said, adding that 61 families are still holding out for a small parcel of land on the 133-hectare (330-acre) site.

Tep Vanny also vowed to continue seeking the freedom of Yorm Bopha, who was ordered jailed for three years for committing “intentional violence” in connection with the beating of a suspected thief. Human rights groups have said she was targeted for championing the right to housing for the Boeung Kak evictees.

“I hope that we will have a good result [in our fight] for Yorm Bopha,” she said.

Secretariat director of Cambodia’s Housing Rights Task Force Sia Phearum, who was invited to attend Tuesday’s reception, told RFA’s Khmer Service Wednesday that the award would “change the situation in Boeung Kak.”

“Even though it is a bit difficult for the government to accept, I hope that through Tep Vanny’s award … the government will be forced to recognize the truth and act to serve the people,” he said.

Sia Phearum said that during his visit to the U.S. he met with State Department officials and members of the New York-based Human Rights Watch to ask for their intervention in the Boueng Kak issue and to assist in obtaining Yorm Bopha’s release.

‘The reality in Cambodia’

On Monday, Tep Vanny sat down with RFA’s Khmer Service in Washington to discuss the situation of the Boeung Kak villagers, saying she believed that the award—and a tour in Europe last week to promote a related documentary film—would help bring international attention to the dispute.

“The world is monitoring this case,” she said. “Our struggle is no longer useless and we are no longer isolated like before.”

But she said she would not be satisfied until the government released Yorm Bopha, honored the land request of the remaining families at the site, and ended “widespread forced evictions” in Cambodia.

Tep Vanny said that she has been under constant surveillance by police in Cambodia and expressed frustration that the government would rather “threaten” her than listen to her concerns.

“Every time we submit petitions [to the government] for help, there are hundreds of police officers at the scene,” she said.

She said that she was saddened to have to speak negatively about her homeland while traveling abroad, “but this is the reality in Cambodia.”

“The government is killing us little by little … We are suffering rather than dying instantly.”

Reported by Sarada Taing and Samean Yun for RFA’s Khmer Service. Translated by Samean Yun. Written in English by Joshua Lipes.

Source : RFA, 03/04/2013

Tep Vanny during a protest © 2012 KI Media
Tep Vanny during a protest © 2012 KI Media