Archives par mot-clé : Viêt-Nam

Catherine Earl : Vietnam’s New Middle Classes – Gender, Career, City

Earl_VietnamsNewMiddleClasses[ndlr] Nouvelle publication sur les classes moyennes vietnamiennes.

This volume explores the social consequences of macro-economic reform introduced in Vietnam more than a quarter of a century ago through a focus on young women graduates who hope to find success in Ho Chi Minh City’s growing graduate labour market. They are part of Vietnam’s new middle class, an educated and affluent segment of society growing with the rapid urbanization of Vietnam’s major cities.

Drawing on a rich person-centred ethnography supplemented with middle-class Vietnamese women’s published autobiographies, it reveals how opportunities for professional work, further education, and leisure lifestyling attract young migrants, particularly female graduates, to Vietnam’s mega-urban Southeast region. Centred on Ho Chi Minh City, it argues that Vietnam’s Southeast enables young women, so long as they remain single, to realize aspirations for betterment that affect not only their own lives, but those of their families and communities who remain in rural Vietnam. It highlights the socio-cultural and material benefits realized through remittances received from urban daughters to emphasize the salience of kinship during periods of social transformation.

The volume concludes with a wide-ranging look at the emergence of middle classes in Pacific Asia in order to locate the Vietnamese new middle class within a globalizing context.


Acknowledgements vii

1. Middle classes in post-reform Ho Chi Minh City 1
2. Urban middle classes in postcolonial Saigon 49
3. Living in twenty-first century Ho Chi Minh City 87
4. Lifestyles of professional work 109
5. New middle-class leisure culture 135
6. Social mobility in a multi-dimensional family 172
7. Delaying and desiring marriage 209
8. Conclusion 240
References 271
Index 302

Catherine Earl is a social anthropologist and research assistant at Federation Business School, Federation University, Australia. She is a frequent visitor to Vietnam and she has published on social mobility, social welfare and social change in Vietnam and in Australia.

Source : NIAS Press

Tia Sáng Vietnam : Blogging Politics in Vietnam 2003-2015

[ndlr] Signalement d’un timeline utile sur le blogging politique vietnamien depuis l’émergence des réseaux sociaux au Viêt-Nam. A l’initiative de Tia Sáng Vietnam. Cliquez sur l’image pour accéder au site.

Blogging Politics in Vietnam 2003-2015

 A timeline of Vietnam’s blogging movement and related political events


This timeline has been created to help inform debates on the impact of social media on wider political developments in Vietnam. Click on the spanner icon at the bottom right of the timeline to change zoom and view settings.

 Source : Tia Sang Vietnam. Reporting on Vietnam’s internet


Kimberly Kay Hoang: Dealing in Desire. Asian Ascendancy, Western Decline, and the Hidden Currencies of Global Sex Work [parution]

KimberlyKayHoang_DealingInDesire[ndlr] Nouvelle parution aux presses de l’université de Californie. Présentation de l’éditeur.

This captivating ethnography explores Vietnam’s sex industry as the country ascends the global and regional stage. Over the course of five years, author Kimberly Kay Hoang worked at four exclusive Saigon hostess bars catering to diverse clientele: wealthy local Vietnamese and Asian businessmen, Viet Kieus (ethnic Vietnamese living abroad), Western businessmen, and Western budget-tourists. Dealing in Desire takes an in-depth and often personal look at both the sex workers and their clients to show how Vietnamese high finance and benevolent giving are connected to the intimate spheres of the informal economy. For the domestic super-elite who use the levers of political power to channel foreign capital into real estate and manufacturing projects, conspicuous consumption is a means of projecting an image of Asian ascendancy to potential investors. For Viet Kieus and Westerners who bring remittances into the local economy, personal relationships with local sex workers reinforce their ideas of Asia’s rise and Western decline, while simultaneously bolstering their diminished masculinity. Dealing in Desire illuminates Ho Chi Minh City’s sex industry as not just a microcosm of the global economy, but a critical space where dreams and deals are traded.



Introduction: Dealing in Desire

1. Sex Work in HCMC, 1867–Present
2. The Contemporary Sex Industry
3. New Hierarchies of Global Men
4. Entrepreneurial Mommies
5. Autonomy and Consent in Sex Work
6. Constructing Desirable Bodies
7. Sex Workers’ Economic Trajectories
Conclusion: Faltering Ascent

Appendix: The Empirical Puzzle and the Embodied Cost of Ethnography

Kimberly Kay Hoang is Assistant Professor of Sociology at Boston College.

Source : University of California Press


Les “passeurs”. Portrait de groupe d’intellectuels vietnamiens dans le siècle franco-vietnamien (1858-1954)

Moussons_24[ndlr] Message de la revue Moussons : Toute l’équipe éditoriale de Moussons a le plaisir de vous annoncer la parution du  dernier numéro de la revue (24)  qui propose un dossier thématique intitulé Les “passeurs”. Portrait de groupe d’intellectuels vietnamiens dans le siècle franco-vietnamien (1858-1954) réalisé sous la direction de Trinh Van Thao et Nguyen Phuong Ngoc.


Le siècle franco-vietnamien (1858-1954) n’avait pas laissé, au-delà des épisodes guerriers qui ont jalonné le long chemin de la révolte à la liberté, que ruines et larmes. Il reste un legs culturel à mettre au jour, à entreprendre un état des lieux d’autant plus complexe que bien souvent enfoui, refoulé sous le poids des oublis, des préjugés, et par-dessus tout, des mémoires sélectives. On le sait depuis Maurice Halbwachs, il faut se méfier de la mémoire historique, mémoire d’État qui se confond trop souvent avec la pensée unique et dont la vocation principale consiste à refouler dans les zones d’ombre des fragments entiers de mémoires collectives, plurielles et multiples, venant des minorités, des vaincus et surtout de ceux qui dérangent le bel ordre établi. Plus discrets et moins visibles que les événements historiques de grande ampleur (changement de régime, guerres et révolutions), les faits culturels peuvent pourtant exercer un effet plus durable.


Source : Moussons

Janet A. Hoskins : The Divine Eye and the Diaspora – Vietnamese Syncretism Becomes Transpacific Caodaism [parution]

JanetHoskins_The DivineEyeAndTheDiaspora[ndlr] Parution d’une nouvelle étude sur le Caodaïsme vietnamien. Présentation de l’éditeur.

What is the relationship between syncretism and diaspora? Caodaism is a large but almost unknown new religion that provides answers to this question. Born in Vietnam during the struggles of decolonization, shattered and spatially dispersed by cold war conflicts, it is now reshaping the goals of its four million followers. Colorful and strikingly eclectic, its “outrageous syncretism” incorporates Chinese, Buddhist, and Western religions as well as world figures like Victor Hugo, Jeanne d’Arc, Vladimir Lenin, and (in the USA) Joseph Smith, the founder of Mormonism.

The book looks at the connections between “the age of revelations” (1925-1934) in French Indochina and the “age of diaspora” (1975-present) when many Caodai leaders and followers went into exile. Structured in paired biographies to trace relations between masters and disciples, now separated by oceans, it focuses on five members of the founding generation and their followers or descendants in California, showing the continuing obligation to honor those who forged the initial vision to “bring the gods of the East and West together.” Diasporic congregations in California have interacted with New Age ideas and stereotypes of a “Walt Disney fantasia of the East,” at the same time that temples in Vietnam have re-opened their doors after decades of severe restrictions.

Caodaism forces us to reconsider how anthropologists study religious mixtures in postcolonial settings. Its dynamics challenge the unconscious Eurocentrism of our notions of how religions are bounded and conceptualized.

Source : University of Hawaii Press

  • Réf. : Janet Alison Hoskins, The Divine Eye and the Diaspora: Vietnamese Syncretism Becomes Transpacific Caodaism, Honolulu, HI, University of Hawaii Press, 2015, 308 p.

* * *

JanetAlisonHoskinsJanet Alison Hoskins is professor of anthropology and religion at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles. Her books include The Play of Time: Kodi Perspectives on History, Calendars and Exchange (1996 recipient of the Benda Prize in Southeast Asian Studies) and Biographical Objects: How Things Tell the Stories of People’s Lives (1998). She is the contributing editor of four books: Transpacific Studies: Framing an Emerging Field (with Viet Thanh Nguyen, University of Hawai‘i Press, 2014); Headhunting and the Social Imagination in Southeast Asia (1996); A Space Between Oneself and Oneself: Anthropology as a Search for the Subject (1999); and Fragments from Forests and Libraries (2001). She served as president of the Society for the Anthropology of Religion from 2011 to 2013, and has produced three ethnographic documentaries (distributed by, including “The Left Eye of God: Caodaism Travels from Vietnam to California” (2008). She has been a visiting researcher at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton; The Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles; the Anthropology Department, Oslo, Norway; the Southeast Asian Studies Center, Kyoto, Japan; and the Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore.

Gìn giữ nét văn hóa Việt ở Little Saigon [BBC]

[ndlr] Un bel exemple de transmission de la culture traditionnelle vietnamienne hors du Viêt Nam.

Nhà báo Trần Nhật Phong tìm tới Bác sỹ Bùi Duy Tâm, một trong những người nỗ lực duy trì văn hóa Việt Nam ở Hoa Kỳ.


Ông bắt đầu sưu tầm các vật thể văn hóa từ thập niên 80, và tại nhà riêng của ông hiện nay có những nhạc cụ hiếm như bộ đàn đá tự nhiên, bộ cồng chiêng, trống cái, trống đồng.

Bên cạnh các loại nhạc cụ, ông cũng có bộ sưu tập tượng, và tranh vẽ, tranh thêu thủ công của Việt Nam.

Cháu ngoại ông, cô Việt Thi theo học đàn nhị từ nhỏ dù sinh ra và lớn lên ở Hoa Kỳ.

Source : BBC, 12/02/2015.


BBC : Người Việt và Pháp nghĩ gì về tự do ngôn luận?

vietnam_loudspeaker_afp[ndlr] Programme en vietnamien de la BBC consacré au massacre des journalistes de Charlie Hebdo et à la question de la liberté de la presse en France et au Viêt Nam. Page mise à jour le 20/01/2015.

* * *

BBC Tiếng Việt cùng các khách mời người Việt và người Pháp thảo luận về nhận thức tự do ngôn luận, tự do biểu đạt nhân vụ thảm sát tòa soạn Charlie Hebdo ở Paris, trong chương trình trực tiếp vàp thứ Năm hàng tuần.

Nhà văn Thuận, đang sống ở Paris, tác giả của nhiều tiểu thuyết bằng tiếng Việt và tiếng Pháp, như Thang máy Sài Gòn, Paris 11 tháng Tám, Chinatown, T biến mất. Trong đó bản tiếng Pháp của Thang máy Sài Gòn đã được nhận Giải thưởng Sáng tạo của Trung tâm Sách Quốc gia Pháp.

Ông Hồ Cương Quyết hay Menras André, là công dân Pháp và từ năm 2009 chính thức mang thêm quốc tịch Việt Nam, từ Béziers, miền nam Pháp. Ông cũng là tác giả bộ phim tài liệu Hoàng Sa, nỗi đau mất mát.

Ông Nguyễn Văn Huy, nhà nghiên cứu dân tộc học, chủ nhiệm trang web, tham gia từ Paris, Pháp.

Từ Việt Nam, kỹ sư công nghệ thông tin Nguyễn Tiến Trung, nhà vận động dân chủ và tự do cho Việt Nam, từng bị cầm tù với tội danh Tuyên truyền chống phá Nhà nước. Anh Trung cũng từng có thời gian theo học ở Pháp.

Ông François Guillemot, Tiến sỹ lịch sử, chuyên viên nghiên cứu của Viện Nghiên cứu Đông Á, Phụ trách kho tài liệu về lịch sử Việt Nam.

Source : BBC tieng Viet, 15/01/2015.

JeSuisCharlie_VNPour en savoir plus :

  • Cảm tưởng của Người Việt tai Paris về biến cố 7/1 tại toà soạn Charlie Hebdo, STBN Paris, 15/01/2015. Accédez à la vidéo en cliquant sur l’image de droite.