Archives par mot-clé : médecine coloniale

Lê Văn An

LeVanAnLê Văn An, Médecin indochinois. Né en 1881 à Thiêng Đức (Vĩnh Long, Cochinchine). Citoyen français (1926).

Diplômé de l’École de Médecine de l’Indochine Hanoi (1908).

Nommé médecin auxiliaire à l’Hôpital provincial de Cần Thơ en 1908. Chargé de la prophylaxie d’épidémie de peste, de choléra et de variole dans le Sud-Annam en 1914. Nommé à l’Hôpital provincial de Mỹ Tho ; en service dans diverses ambulances de la province ; chargé du Lazaret maritime à Nhà Bè (Gia Định) ; chargé du service de l’Assistance sanitaire de la province de Gò Công de 1914 à 1924 ; chargé de la Clinique de Tân Định (Saigon) de 1924 à 1933.

Médecin indochinois principal de 2e classe ; admis à la retraite pour ancienneté de service 1933.

A aidé, comme Médecin à titre privé à Tân Định, à la diffusion de la médecine française dans la masse indigène par sa conscience professionnelle et sa grande bonté envers les pauvres.

Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur (1929).

Source : Gouvernement général de l’Indochine, Service de l’Information, Souverains et notabilités d’Indochine. Notices par ordre alphabétique, Hanoi, IDEO, 1943, p. 1.

Claire Edington – “Beyond the Asylum: Colonial Psychiatry in French Indochina, 1880-1940” [PhD diss.]

Munch_thescream[ndlr] Annonce sur le Vietnam Studies Group (VSG) de la récente soutenance de thèse de doctorat (PhD) de Claire Edington en Sciences sociomédicales à l’Université de Columbia. Titre de la thèse : « Beyond the Asylum: Colonial Psychiatry in French Indochina, 1880-1940 », une histoire inédite de la société indochinoise vue sous l’angle de la psychiatrie.

Claire’s dissertation, « Beyond the Asylum: Colonial Psychiatry in French Indochina, 1890-1954 [1880-1940], » is the first book length study of the history of psychiatry in Vietnam. It looks beyond the asylum to consider how psychiatry in French Indochina expanded the reach of the late colonial state while working to redefine the relationship between the state and its subjects. The project examines the movements of patients in and out of psychiatric care as a way to better understand how notions of normality and abnormality were produced in negotiations between experts and families and between colonial bureaucrats and colonial subjects. It aims to reorient the colonial history of medicine and public health away from the focus on expert discourses and medical institutions and towards their entanglements with other kinds of colonial projects and indigenous forms of knowledge.

Source : Sociomedical Sciences PhD – Columbia University

Voir la page de l’auteure : Columbia University

Illustration : « Le Cri » d’Edvard Munch.

R. Peckham & D. M. Pomfret (eds): Imperial Contagions – Medicine, Hygiene, and Cultures of Planning in Asia

Robert Peckham and David M. Pomfret (eds), Imperial Contagions: Medicine, Hygiene, and Cultures of Planning in Asia, HK, Hong Kong University Press, 2013, 320 p.

Imperial Contagions complicates common historical narratives portraying a straightforward shift from older, enclavist models of colonial medicine to newer pursuits of prevention and treatment among indigenous populations and European residents. In a series of essays, the volume shows colonial medicine was not a homogeneous, « on the ground » phenomenon but rather a practice rife with tensions and contradictions. Indigenous elites contested and appropriated Western medical knowledge and practices for their own purposes, while colonial policies contained contradictory and cross-cutting impulses. Contributors ultimately challenge the long-standing belief that colonial regimes uniformly regulated indigenous bodies and that colonial medicine served as a « tool of empire. »

Robert Peckham is co-director of the Centre for the Humanities and Medicine and an assistant professor in the Department of History at the University of Hong Kong.

David M. Pomfret is an associate professor in the Department of History at the University of Hong Kong.

* * *

« This substantial collection greatly enriches our understanding of medicine, disease, and policy in colonial Asia. The contributors, from a range of disciplines, grapple fruitfully with questions surrounding medical space and the shift from enclavism to public health. In doing so, they make important theoretical and empirical contributions to medical and imperial history. » — David Arnold, author of Colonizing the Body: State Medicine and Epidemic Disease in Nineteenth-Century India.

« Europeans in Asia developed powerful anxieties about contagion, and made many plans to keep it at a safe distance. Commercial ventures depended on mobility of people and goods, yet for the personal safety of their members the Europeans in Asia wished to stabilize and control the spaces they inhabited and the behaviors of those around them. By exploring the tensions and contradictions that arose from these efforts to stay safe, the authors of Imperial Contagions—among the best authorities now writing—offer not only fascinating accounts of historical events but fresh views of the processes often termed colonial or imperial. » — Harold J. Cook, author of Matters of Exchange: Commerce, Medicine, and Science in the Dutch Golden Age.

Source : Hong Kong University Press.