Archives par mot-clé : liberté d’expression

RSF : Nguyen Phu Trong, prédateur de la liberté de la presse (175/180)

[ndlr] La République socialiste du Viêt-Nam (RSVN) se retrouve encore mal classée cette année dans la palmarès annuel de RSF sur la question de la liberté de la presse (175e sur 180 pays). Au moins 15 journalistes et blogueurs sont emprisonnés dans ce pays. Malgré une presse florissante de plusieurs centaines de titres, le pouvoir politique exerce un contrôle drastique sur l’information. Les journalistes ont été, le 25 octobre 2016, accusés de “dérives pro-démocratiques” par M. Trương Minh Tuấn, le Ministre de l’information et des médias du gouvernement de la RSVN. La crainte d’une “auto-évolution” (“tự diễn biến”) et d’une “auto-transformation” (“tự chuyển hóa”) en cours justifie pour le pouvoir cette menace directe et explicite à l’encontre des médias.

Voir en ligne sur l’organe officiel du PCV :

vietnam_nguyenphutrong_predateur2016_rsfSource : RSF

Vietnam: Reform Criminal Law to Respect Rights [HRW]

[ndlr] Article de l’association Human Rights Watch concernant les lois liberticides de la République socialiste du Viêt-Nam.

(New York) – Vietnam’s National Assembly should reform the criminal law to respect basic rights to freedom of expression, association, assembly, and religion, Human Rights Watch said today. The National Assembly is considering revisions to the penal code during its session scheduled from October 20 to November 22, 2016. The laws were used in October’s arrest of prominent blogger Nguyen Ngoc Nhu Quynh, known as “Mother Mushroom.”

“Many articles related to national security in Vietnam’s laws are vaguely defined and often used arbitrarily to punish critics, activists, and bloggers,” said Brad Adams, Asia director. “The National Assembly should take this opportunity to strip provisions that have created so many political prisoners and bring Vietnam’s laws in line with international standards.”

Vietnam’s penal code includes crimes related to “activities aiming to overthrow the people’s administration” (penal code article 79, penalty up to death sentence); “undermining national unity policy” (article 87, penalty up to 15 years in prison); “conducting propaganda against the State of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam” (article 88, penalty up to 20 years); “disrupting security” (article 89, penalty up to 15 years); and “abusing the rights to freedom and democracy to infringe upon the interests of the state, the rights and interests of individuals” (article 258, penalty up to 7 years).

Lire la suite : Human Rights Watch

Image “à la une” : affiche de propagande sur la “Journée de la loi” (le 9 novembre) en RSVN.

Vietnam: les dissidents donnent de la voix avant la venue d’Obama

[ndlr] La venue de Barack Obama en visite officielle du 23 au 25 mai 2016 suscite de nombreux espoirs au Viêt-Nam. Le mouvement pro-démocratique tentera de faire entendre sa voix.

“Sommes-nous libres, sommes-nous vraiment libres?”: samedi, quelques dissidents, ont défié le pouvoir vietnamien en organisant à Hanoi un concert secret. Un acte de résistance dans l’espoir de faire pression avant la venue de Barack Obama dans ce pays communiste.

Sur scène, dans une petite maison de la capitale vietnamienne, où le président américain arrive lundi matin: Mai Khoi, pop star et militante prodémocratie.

La question, posée à la fin d’une ballade aux accents de blues, est une interrogation rhétorique au Vietnam, pays à parti unique, qui continue à réprimer toute manifestation, à opprimer les opposants et où les syndicats sont interdits.

Lire la suite : La Voix du Nord, 22/05/2016.

Image “à la une” : la chanteuse et activiste prodémocrate Mai Khôi © DR

So what did my husband, Anh Ba Sàm, do? [Facebook]

[ndlr] Message de l’épouse du blogueur Nguyen Huu Vinh alias Ba Sàm emprisonné sans jugement depuis mai 2014.

 Due to health issues associated with Northern Vietnam’s weather, I have not been able to be with my husband as often as a wife should in the past years; however, what I know about him remains consistent that he is a patriot who loves his country with all his heart. Moreover, he is an intellect, a blogger who always believes in the importance of the Internet to the democratization and development processes of the country. He had always used the Internet as a tool to pursue his fervent wish to “empower, enlighten, and secure the people.”

Anh Ba Sam site (with the following addresses: basam.info, anhbasam.wordpress.com, anhbasamnews.info) was found in 2007 with the purpose of “breaking the chains of slavery.” He also uses that as the goal for the site. He believes that the people of Vietnam can only form political opinions once they are fully informed.

In that spirit, Anh Ba Sam on a daily basis gathered all daily news related to political issues, from many sources such as state-own media, foreign news agencies, activists, journalists, personal blogs, and even from websites deemed “traitors” and “opposing the state” by Vietnam government.

In addition, Anh Ba Sam also provide his readers with links to 50 top pages of famous bloggers and civil organizations in Vietnam, 50 independent and state-own news sites, and 56 foreign media sites along with 19 websites with guides to overcome Internet censorship. Features provided by blogging technologies have facilitated readers to write comments about whatever event they hear about.

According to various sources, my husband and his colleagues since 2009 have posted on the Internet a few hundred thousands articles, among which are valuable information on Vietnam history from 1945 to 1995, and writings from famous Vietnamese writers. Everyday, the average viewership ranges around 100,000 views.

It is very likely that Decree No. 72/2013/ND-CP on the “management, provision, and the use of Internet services” was issued by the government to sensor Anh Ba Sam blog page. Paragraph 4 of Article 20 and Paragraph 4 of Article 26 of that Decree (effective September 1, 2013) prohibits blog and website owners in Vietnam from collecting information from the media or government sites. At the time, Anh Ba Sam was the only blog accessible to Vietnamese people which has a great volume of news data and such noticeable number of readers. According to Alexa.com ranking, Anh Ba Sam blog as of now is still among the web pages viewed the most by people in Vietnam.

Lê Thị Minh Hà
https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=517044858476198&set=a.307719192742100.1073741831.100005120643395&type=3

Image “à la une” : Anh Ba Sàm sur Dan Lam Bao.

BBC : Người Việt và Pháp nghĩ gì về tự do ngôn luận?

vietnam_loudspeaker_afp[ndlr] Programme en vietnamien de la BBC consacré au massacre des journalistes de Charlie Hebdo et à la question de la liberté de la presse en France et au Viêt Nam. Page mise à jour le 20/01/2015.

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BBC Tiếng Việt cùng các khách mời người Việt và người Pháp thảo luận về nhận thức tự do ngôn luận, tự do biểu đạt nhân vụ thảm sát tòa soạn Charlie Hebdo ở Paris, trong chương trình trực tiếp vàp thứ Năm hàng tuần.

Nhà văn Thuận, đang sống ở Paris, tác giả của nhiều tiểu thuyết bằng tiếng Việt và tiếng Pháp, như Thang máy Sài Gòn, Paris 11 tháng Tám, Chinatown, T biến mất. Trong đó bản tiếng Pháp của Thang máy Sài Gòn đã được nhận Giải thưởng Sáng tạo của Trung tâm Sách Quốc gia Pháp.

Ông Hồ Cương Quyết hay Menras André, là công dân Pháp và từ năm 2009 chính thức mang thêm quốc tịch Việt Nam, từ Béziers, miền nam Pháp. Ông cũng là tác giả bộ phim tài liệu Hoàng Sa, nỗi đau mất mát.

Ông Nguyễn Văn Huy, nhà nghiên cứu dân tộc học, chủ nhiệm trang web ethongluan.org, tham gia từ Paris, Pháp.

Từ Việt Nam, kỹ sư công nghệ thông tin Nguyễn Tiến Trung, nhà vận động dân chủ và tự do cho Việt Nam, từng bị cầm tù với tội danh Tuyên truyền chống phá Nhà nước. Anh Trung cũng từng có thời gian theo học ở Pháp.

Ông François Guillemot, Tiến sỹ lịch sử, chuyên viên nghiên cứu của Viện Nghiên cứu Đông Á, Phụ trách kho tài liệu về lịch sử Việt Nam.

Source : BBC tieng Viet, 15/01/2015.

JeSuisCharlie_VNPour en savoir plus :

  • Cảm tưởng của Người Việt tai Paris về biến cố 7/1 tại toà soạn Charlie Hebdo, STBN Paris, 15/01/2015. Accédez à la vidéo en cliquant sur l’image de droite.