Archives par mot-clé : Japon

Asiatiques de France – Documentaire de Laurence Jourdan

[ndlr] A noter la diffusion d’Asiatiques de France, le nouveau documentaire de Laurence Jourdan (Les oubliées de la Piste Ho Chi Minh, 2004), en deux épisodes les dimanches 22 et 29 septembre 2013 sur France 5.

 

Dimanche 22 septembre 2013 à 21h55 heures

Diffusion sur France 5 du film de Laurence Jourdan

Asiatiques de France

1911-1975 – Episode 1

Près d’un million d’Asiatiques vivent en France. Retour sur leur histoire, riche, qui traverse deux conflits mondiaux, le temps de la colonisation de l’Indochine puis celui de son indépendance et de l’évolution des Républiques Populaires d’Asie. Cette diaspora hétérogène cherche, à présent, à peser dans le débat public. Elle revendique une visibilité. L’installation des Vietnamiens, Cambodgiens, Laotiens ainsi que des Chinois en France date des réquisitions de main d’oeuvre pendant les Première et Seconde Guerres mondiales, en 1914-1918, puis en 1939-1940. La notoriété des Beaux-arts à Paris attire aussi toute une génération d’artistes et d’intellectuels japonais.

 


Asiatiques de France – Extrait 1 par Phares-Balises


Asiatiques de France – Extrait 2 par Phares-Balises

A suivre : Episode 2 – Dimanche 29 septembre à 21h55 heures sur France 5.

Stéle commémorative : la mémoire de Phan Boi Chau honorée par les Japonais

TuongPhanBoiChauLe 7 juin 2013, l’association japonaise Asaba a fait don à la ville de Huê d’une stèle commémorative à la mémoire du nationaliste vietnamien Phan Boi Chau. La stèle a été placée près de la célèbre et imposante statue du révolutionnaire, elle-même située à proximité de la Rivière des Parfums à Huê. Comme l’indique la première phrase gravée dans le marbre, la stèle célèbre le quarantième anniversaire des relations nippo-vietnamiennes (1973-2013). Le texte fait mention des relations particulières entre Phan Boi Chau (1867-1940) et Asaba Sakitaro (1867-1910), un médecin japonais avec qui il se lia d’amitié en 1908. Alors que le mouvement Dong Du (1905-1908) initié par le révolutionnaire vietnamien traversait de grandes difficultés, le médecin japonais l’aida financièrement et le soutint politiquement. La stèle mentionne le fait que Phan Boi Chau fit ériger une stèle au Japon en hommage au médecin décédé prématurément de maladie en 1910 à l’âge de quarante trois ans. En effet, lorsqu’il revint au Japon en 1918, Phan Boi Chau appris que son ami était décédé des années plus tôt. C’est à cette occasion qu’il fit ériger une stèle pour exprimer sa profonde gratitude envers son bienfaiteur.

FG, 23/06/2013.

  • Pour en savoir plus, lire l’article de Vinh Sinh, « Phan Boi Chau va Asaba Sakitaro » trong  « Việt Nam và Nhật Bản Giao Lưu Văn Hóa », NXB Văn Nghệ, TP HCM, 2001, tr. 217-230.

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Japan presents Hue City with memorial stele of patriot Phan Boi Chau

The Department of Culture, Sports and Tourism in the central province of Thua Thien-Hue and the Vietnam-Japan Friendship Association hosted a ceremony to receive the memorial of patriot Phan Boi Chau from the Japanese Asaba Association and the people of Japan, on June 7.

BiaPhanBoiChau
Bia tưởng niệm cụ Phan Bội Châu do Hiệp hội Asaba trao tặng – Ảnh: B.N.L

The memorial stele has been placed near Phan Boi Chau statue alongside Huong River in Hue City, in memory of his service for the liberation of Vietnam from the French colonial regime and to mark Vietnam-Japan friendship.

When the Dong Du (Travelling to the East for study) Movement met with difficulties in 1908, Phan Boi Chau met with Asaba Sakitaro–a Japanese doctor, who helped him in his time of turmoil.

After leaving Japan, Phan Boi Chau continued his activities in several countries in the world. In 1918, he returned to Japan and learnt that his friend had passed away nine years ago.

Phan Boi Chau and people from Asaba Umeda Village in Fukuroi City then raised funds for a memorial stele of the late doctor near his tomb.

The Asaba Association and the Japanese people have now presented a stele in honor of Phan Boi Chau to Hue City. This is to commemorate both Phan Boi Chau and Asaba Sakitaro and promote the strong friendship and cooperation between Thua Thien-Hue Province and Fukuroi City.

By Van Thang – Translated by Hai Mien

Source : SGGP English Edition, 08/06/2013.

Asaba Sakitaro (1867-1910)
Asaba Sakitaro (1867-1910)

Voir aussi :

Disparition de l’archéologue japonais Nishimura Masanari dans un accident de la route au Viêt-Nam

[ndlr] A la suite d’un tragique accident de la route, le chercheur Nishimura Masanari est décédé hier au Viêt-Nam. La presse vietnamienne lui rend hommage.

Tiến sĩ Masanari. Ảnh: Báo Thanh tra © 2013 VN Express
Tiến sĩ Masanari. Ảnh: Báo Thanh tra © 2013 VN Express

Nhà khảo cổ Nhật tử vì nạn giao thông ở Việt Nam

Tiến sĩ Nishimura Masanari, nhà khảo cổ người Nhật gắn bó hơn 20 năm với Việt Nam, hôm qua thiệt mạng vì tai nạn giao thông ở Hà Nội.

Tiến sĩ Masanari qua đời sau một tai nạn giao thông trên đường 5, khi đi xe máy để khảo sát cuộc khai quật mới. Bệnh viện Hữu nghị Việt Đức ở Hà Nội và Viện Khảo cổ học Việt Nam đang phối hợp, hỗ trợ gia đình của nhà khoa học để chuẩn bị công việc hậu sự cho ông.

Tiến sĩ Masanari sẽ được hỏa táng tại đài hóa thân Hoàn Vũ. Sau đó, tro cốt của ông sẽ được gia đình mang về Nhật.

Ông Masanari sinh năm 1965, tại thành phố Shimonoseki, Nhật Bản. Ông có tên tiếng việt là Lý Văn Sỹ và nói tiếng Việt rất tốt. Ông bắt đầu đến Việt Nam năm 1990, trong chương trình hợp tác giữa Nhật Bản và Việt Nam để khai quật một số mộ cổ ở Nghĩa Đàn, Nghệ An.

Hơn 20 năm qua, ông có nhiều công trình nghiên cứu khảo cổ có giá trị ở Việt Nam. Ông là người phát hiện mảnh khuôn đúc trống đồng duy nhất từ trước đến nay, có niên đại khoảng thế kỷ 1-3 sau Công nguyên. Điều này cho thấy, trống đồng được đúc ra từ chính Việt Nam, chứ không phải từ nơi khác mang đến.

Lire la suite : VN Express, 10/06/2013.

Người Việt tiếc thương nhà khảo cổ Nhật Bản

Trên các diễn đàn và mạng xã hội, nhiều người bày tỏ lòng thương tiếc tiến sĩ Nishimura Masanari, người có công lớn với ngành khảo cổ Việt Nam và vừa tử nạn hôm qua.

Sự ra đi của tiến sĩ người Nhật Bản Masanari, người có 20 năm gắn bó với nền khảo cổ Việt Nam. khiến nhiều người cảm thấy xót xa nuối tiếc. Những lời tri ân và thương tiếc xuất hiện trên khắp các diễn đàn, mạng xã hội, với những lời chia sẻ của mọi người Việt Nam, nhất là những người từng được gặp và làm việc cùng ông.

Nickname minhtamphamdht viết: « Vĩnh biệt anh, người bạn lớn của gia đình chúng tôi, kỷ niệm và sự ân tình của gia đình anh với chúng tôi sẽ không bao giờ quên. Xin chia buồn cùng chị Noriko và các cháu về nỗi đau này ».

Trên trang xuandienhannom.blogspot.com, Ngô Hoài Chung, người từng cộng tác với Masanari nhớ như in những lần gặp tiến sĩ người Nhật. « Tôi từng gặp tiến sĩ trong quá trình tổ chức khai quật tại làng cổ Đông Sơn, Thanh Hoá năm 2008 ».

Sau đó, năm 2009, anh cùng tiến sĩ Nguyễn Giang Hải đi công tác tại Nhật Bản, và anh đã đến thăm tiến sĩ Masanari tại nhà riêng. « Ông và vợ ông là tiến sĩ Noriko cùng hai con trai đã có nhiều năm gắn bó với Việt Nam. Ông luôn coi Việt nam như là quê hương thứ hai ».

Lire la suite : VN Express, 10/06/2013.

Sur le Blog de Nguyen Xuan Dien :

Voir aussi :

Vietnam-based archaeologist Nishimura Masanari dies in road accident

Japanese archaeologist Nishimura Masanari, who had been based in Vietnam for more than 20 years, died in a road accident in Hanoi on Sunday, June 9th. The accident occurred while Dr. Masanari was driving on Highway 5, on his way to an excavation site in a northern port city of Hai Phong. The scientist has contributed to Vietnam’s archaeology during his 23 years of stay, participating in major discoveries as well as restoration of museums.

Associate Professor and Vietnam Archaeologists’ Association deputy general secretary Nguyen Lan Cuong said that the scientist’s death has “stunned” Vietnamese archaeologists. Cuong, who had also worked with Dr. Masanari, acknowledged his archaeological contributions. “Nishimura Masanari was an honest man who always helped his friends. He is one of the archaeologists who have the deepest research works in the field in Vietnam,” he said. The 48-year old Japanese archaeologist, who was also fluent in Vietnamese, was even given “Ly Van Sy” as his Vietnamese name.

Lire la suite : Japan Daily Press, 10/06/2013.

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EXPAT LIVING: Nhà khảo cổ học Nhật Bản Nishimura Masanari

Hồi ký Trần Quang Vinh – Mémoires de Tran Quang Vinh [1946]

TranQuangVinhSignalement de la mise en ligne des Mémoires de Tran Quang Vinh (1897-1975), dignitaire caodaïste, généralissime des Forces armées caodaïstes.

Son destin épouse celui du Viêt-Nam en révolution et en guerre. Il intègre les rangs de la hiérarchie caodaïste dès 1927 à l’âge de 30 ans. Il construit et dirige les forces armées caodaïstes à partir de 1943 et participe au coup de force japonais de mars 1945. Chef militaire, il mène la guerre au Viêt-Minh dans la région de Tây Ninh. Il rejoint plusieurs gouvernements nationalistes de Bao Dai pendant la guerre d’Indochine puis de nouveau entre 1964 et 1965 sous la République du Viêt-Nam. Il se rend au Congo en 1966 pour diffuser la religion caodaïste et enfin retourne au Viêt-Nam. Sa vie se termine le 30 avril 1975 lorsqu’il est arrêté dans le temple de Tây Ninh par les forces communistes. On ne sait s’il fut exécuté peu après ou décéda en camp de rééducation.

Les Mémoires mises en ligne sont celles qui ont été rééditées en 1996 (et 1997) aux Etats-Unis sous le titre « Mémoires de Tran Quang Vinh et histoire de l’armée caodaïste« . L’ouvrage est divisé en trois parties : la première concerne les mémoires de Tran Quang Vinh (pp. 8-93) ; la seconde est un complément (pp. 96-194) ; la troisième retrace « L’histoire du Caodaïsme à l’époque de la Résurrection nationale de 1941 à 1946 » (pp. 196-295). Il est agrémenté d’une courte présentation (pp. 5-7) de la chercheuse Tran My-Van (University of South Australia) rédigée en septembre 1996 qui souligne l’importance de ce texte pour comprendre les différentes facettes de la religion caodaïste, les raisons de la création de son armée et le contexte vietnamien à partir de 1940. Il rassemble des textes publiés en 1946, 1967 et 1972.

L’ouvrage est désormais disponible en téléchargement libre en PDF ou en lecture sur la toile (en 17 épisodes).

FG, 02/05/2013

HoiKyTranQuangVinh2

Geoff Gunn: The Passing of Sihanouk – Monarchic Manipulation and the Search for Autonomy in the Kingdom of Cambodia

Summary

The survival of the monarchy in Cambodia is little short of remarkable in the light of that country’s modern history. As this article develops, French manipulation of the monarchy and attempts to buttress religion and culture alongside the rise of nationalist youth and Buddhist radicalism was an important precursor to postwar events. No less momentous for modern Cambodian history was the Vichy French installation of Norodom Sihanouk as king and the elevation under Japan of the putative republican Son Ngoc Thanh. Facing down an armed Issarak-Viet Minh challenge also joined by a dissident prince, it is no less significant that the young King Sihanouk successfully trumped French ambitions by mounting his own “royal crusade” for independence even ahead of the Geneva Settlement of 1954.

Undoubtedly the passing of Norodom Sihanouk on October 15, 2012 at the age of 89 after six decades of close involvement in Cambodian politics has served to refocus attention upon the status of the monarchy in that country, facts not diminished by the actual succession in October 2004 to his son Norodom Sihamoni (b. 1953).

Though much exoticized and othered as a peaceful realm under the French protectorate, at least alongside the challenges imposed by Vietnamese nationalists, dissent always simmered beneath the surface calm in Cambodia, whether from the overburdened-over taxed peasantry, from the major immigrant communities, from religious radicals within and without the Buddhist hierarchies, or even from scheming royal princes. Given French manipulations of religion, tradition and even the royal line, a complex political picture emerges, even prior to the Japanese occupation. Japan was even more successful in Cambodia than in the other Indochina states in installing an anti-French republican demagogue, an enigmatic figure whose name recurs in Cambodian history down until the US-backed military coup in Phnom Penh of March 1970. Thanks to Anglo-French intervention, and Sihanouk’s personality, the post-war outcome in Cambodia was a “royal road to independence” although even that pathway was severely challenged by the Viet Minh and their sometime Issarak (Free Khmer) allies. Yet the royal ascendancy around the Vichy French-anointed monarch, Sihanouk, would also come back to haunt Cambodia, not only in striking a neutral course in the maelstrom of the American war, but also in lending his name to the China-backed anti-Vietnamese communist movement that triumphed in Phnom Penh in 1975.

As this article develops, below the politics of culture or the tendency of the French to buttress neo-traditionalist trends wherever they saw them, emerges a byzantine crossover of royal dynasties, powerful families and cliques that, in many ways, continued to define Cambodian politics through the modern period. It is also true, as Roger Kershaw (2000; 6; 17; 19-20) unveils in a comparative study on the “fortunes” of monarchy in Southeast Asia, that analysis of surviving monarchies (as with Thailand and Brunei alongside Cambodia), should at least account for the “synthetic” alongside the “authentic traditional values” (not excepting even Britain from this analysis). And so, with decolonization in Southeast Asia, legitimacy questions were raised to a new level as with the charisma of founding fathers of independence, alongside the role of modern bureaucracies, militaries and political parties. Cambodia under Sihanouk was not an exception.

As historian of Cambodia David Chandler (2008: 167) has written, there are several ways at looking at the years of French hegemony over Cambodia. One way is to phase this history as the extension and decline of French control. Another way is to examine the period and its ideology and practice from a French point of view. A third would be to treat the period as a part of Cambodian history, connected to the times before and after French protection. He finds the third approach seductive (insofar as it can be told through Cambodian eyes). Such would be meritorious, if possible, but without retreating entirely into a cultural studies-critical literature approach (Tully 2002; Edwards 2007), we should not ignore the established literature if we are to position Cambodia within an international political understanding.

Divided into five sections, a first section looks at French manipulation of the monarchy. A second turns to the French attempt to buttress religion and culture, alongside the rise of nationalist youth and Buddhist radicalism. A third section examines the vicissitudes of Cambodia under Vichy, including the installation of Norodom Sihanouk as king, climaxing with the rise of the Japanese-backed republican Son Ngoc Thanh. A final section examines the broad international context in which Sihanouk’s mounted his “royal crusade for independence.”

Lire la suite : Japan Focus

Geoff Gunn is the author of Historical Dictionary of East Timor, Singapore and the Asian Revolutions, and First Globalization: The Eurasion Exchange, 1500-1800. He is an Asia-Pacific Journal Coordinator.

Recommended citation: Geoff Gunn, « The Passing of Sihanouk: Monarchic Manipulation and the Search for Autonomy in the Kingdom of Cambodia, » The Asia-Pacific Journal, Vol 10 Issue 50, No. 1, December 10, 2012.

Conférences IAO-LARHRA : Les sociétés coloniales en Asie 1850-1950

[ndlr] Entre le 28 novembre 2012 et le 20 février 2013, l’IAO (Institut d’Asie Orientale) et le LARHRA (Laboratoire de Recherche Historique Rhône-Alpes) co-organisent un cycle de quatre conférences dans le cadre de l’agrégation sur les Sociétés coloniales. Avec la participation de Alain Delissen (EHESS), Vanessa Caru (CEIAS), Rémy Madinier (CASE) et Pierre Souyri (Inalco), voir affiche ci-dessous.