Archives par mot-clé : indépendance nationale

Nguyên Ngoc Châu : Le temps des Ancêtres [parution]

[ndlr] Signalement d’une parution aux éditions L’Harmattan. Saga familiale et récit historique du petit-fils du dirigeant de la religion caodaïste de Bên Tre et fils de la doctoresse Henriette Bui et du polytechnicien Nguyen Ngoc Bich. Une histoire rythmée par les portraits et actions des membres de la famille. Présentation de l’éditeur.

Le temps des Ancêtres

Une famille vietnamienne dans sa traversée du XXe siècle
Nguyen Ngoc Chau


Préface de Pierre Brocheux

L’histoire du Viêt Nam racontée à travers plusieurs générations de la famille Nguyen Ngoc dont l’Ancêtre Anh Ca est un des fondateurs de la religion caodaïste. Une famille que la dureté de la guerre a durement frappée à travers la séparation, la mort et l’exil. Au fil des faits et des événements de l’histoire familiale, le lecteur verra les bouleversements dans la société vietnamienne nés de la rencontre Occident – Orient, conséquence de l’intervention de la France dans le pays.

Nguyen Ngoc Chau, ingénieur et ancien cadre hors-classe de banque, signe ici son premier ouvrage dont une partie constitue son autobiographie.

Source : L’Harmattan

End of Empire : 100 Days in 1945 that Changed Asia and the World [NIAS Press]

[ndlr] Parution d’un ouvrage dédié à l’analyse au jour le jour de l’année 1945 en Asie orientale et en Asie du Sud-Est. Chronologie détaillée et contributions de 75 chercheurs. Avec les contributions pour l’IAO de Christopher E. Goscha, François Guillemot et Vatthana Pholsena. Présentation de l’éditeur.

David P. Chandler, Robert Cribb and Li Narangoa (eds.), End of Empire : 100 Days in 1945 that Changed Asia and the World, NIAS Press, 2016, 346 p.

EndOfEmpire_Nias2016

Aiming to balance the focus on European events in global public discussions and reminiscences of World War II, End of Empire focuses on a brief, 100-day period at the end of the war across a broad sweep of eastern Asia – a time when the Indonesian and Vietnamese revolutions were born, the fragile wartime truce between Communists and Nationalists in China began to fray, and the first steps were made in Japan towards a new democratic order. Following a chronological order, the volume combines daily events with commentary, photographs, maps and personal accounts. More importantly, it is part of a radical, multi-faceted project to commemorate the period not just in print but also on screen and in ‘real-time broadcasts’ published day by day. Here, perhaps, is the form of scholarly publishing and learning of the future but without abandoning traditional standards.

Indonesianist Benedict Anderson dies at 79 [Jakarta Post]

[ndlr] Disparition du chercheur Benedict Anderson, spécialiste de l’Indonésie, surtout connu en France pour son ouvrage de référence intitulé L’imaginaire national (Imagined Communities).

Anderson_LImaginaireNationalBenedict Richard O’Gorman Anderson, an Indonesianist with Cornell University, US, died at the age of 79 on Saturday night during a nostalgic visit to Indonesia, his adopted son said on Sunday.

“Ben Anderson passed away last night at 11:30 pm. He told me last week that he was planning to visit several nostalgic places in East Java,” Wahyu Yudistira, an adopted son of Anderson told thejakartapost.com.

Wahyu said Anderson died at a hotel in Batu, Malang, East Java. His remains will be cremated on Tuesday in Surabaya and his ashes will be spread over the Java Sea.

Wahyu said that Anderson made annual visits to Southeast Asian countries, including Indonesia, during winter in the US, to lecture and travel.

“He delivered a lecture at the University of Indonesia on Thursday and launched his new book titled Nationalism and Anarchism,” Wahyu said.

In the lecture, Anderson said contrary to what many believed, anarchists often yearned for justice and freedom.

Anderson was born on Aug. 26, 1936, in Kumming, China, to James O’Gorman Anderson and Veronica Beatrice Bigham. The family moved to California in 1941. In 1957, Anderson received a Bachelor of Arts in Classics from Cambridge University, UK, and later earned a PhD from Cornell’s department of government, where he studied modern Indonesia under the guidance of George Kahin. He is the brother of historian Perry Anderson.

During his life, Anderson’s works became references for scholars and students in Indonesia, such as Java in a Time of Revolution,Debating World Literature, Language and Power: Exploring Political Cultures in Indonesia, and Imagined Communities.

He was banned from entering Indonesia for his analysis and critical views of the government of president Soeharto. Only after Soeharto fell from power was Anderson able to return to Indonesia.

Dandy Koswaraputra

BenedictAnderson_ImaginatedCommunities_une

Source : Jakarta Post, 13/12/2015.

Pour en savoir plus :

Séminaire « Mémoires d’Indochine » 2015 : Séance 1

Année universitaire 2015-2016 / Master Asie Orientale Contemporaine (ASIOC) / Semestre 1

 

Mémoires d’Indochine :

La décolonisation et la guerre vécues par les populations du Viêt-Nam, du Laos et du Cambodge

MémoiresIndochine_2015_vintage

Séance 1 : mardi 29 septembre 2015

Mémoires de l’engagement révolutionnaire et de la lutte pour l’indépendance

En préambule de cette séance, nous aborderons la question de la constitution du corpus mobilisé pour le séminaire, des biais qu’il peut contenir et du débat qu’il a suscité au sein de la communauté vietnamienne et des chercheurs.

Dans toute la péninsule indochinoise, le processus révolutionnaire est né de la colonisation et s’est imposé face à l’inertie et la brutalité du pouvoir colonial. Quels étaient les motivations de ceux qui ont choisi l’engagement révolutionnaire ? Quelles étaient les pratiques et les approches révolutionnaires ? Quelles étaient les voies qui s’offraient pour accéder à l’indépendance ? Nous interrogerons le parcours d’un mineur, d’un musicien renommé, d’une résistante sudiste communiste et du fondateur de la République Démocratique du Viêt-Nam (RDVN). Nous analyserons les discours, les gestes, les contextes historiques, les constructions du dialogue et les situations données.

Sources orales à discuter :

CaoXuanNghia_OpenVault_1981[date : 9 mars 1981, durée : 13:19, texte traduit en regard]

PhamDuy_1982_OpenVault[date : 11 juin 1982, durée : 14:42, texte traduit en regard]

NguyenThiDinh_1981_OpenVault[date : 16 février 1981, à visionner jusqu’à 13:38, texte traduit en regard]

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Deuxième partie du séminaire : retour sur l’itinéraire politique d’Ho Chi Minh

HoChiMinh_PortraitPolitique[Le cheminement politique d’Ho Chi Minh présenté par l’intellectuel communiste Nguyen Khac Vien, entretien en français, à visionner jusqu’à la minute 08:00 – Retranscription de cette partie de l’entretien]

Pour en savoir plus :

  • Brocheux, Pierre, Ho Chi Minh, Paris, Presses de Sciences Po, Références facettes, 2000.
  • Hémery, Daniel, Ho Chi Minh, de l’Indochine au Vietnam, Paris, Découvertes / Gallimard, 1990.
  • Nguyen The Anh, « Du rêve mandarinal au chemin de la révolution : Hô Chi Minh et l’Ecole coloniale », in Nguyen The Anh, Parcours d’un historien du Viêt Nam, Paris, Les Indes savantes, 2008, pp. 496-502.

Voir aussi sur Mémoires d’Indochine :

Autres liens :

MémoiresIndochine_2015_Séance1

Pham Van Thuy : Beyond Political Skin – Convergent Paths to an Independent National Economy in Indonesia and Vietnam (1930-65)

1957_Indonesia_stamp[ndlr] Message de Philippe Peycam, retrancris ci-dessous avec son aimable autorisation.

It is my great pleasure to inform you about the successful Ph.D. defense of Dr. Pham Van Thuy, here at Leiden University, just two days ago.The title of Pham Van Thuy’s thesis: « Beyond Political Skin: Convergent Paths to an Independent National Economy in Indonesia and Vietnam (1930-65). »

As the title indicates, Thuy’s research interests focuse on comparative historical study of the political economy of Vietnam and Indonesia as well as other Southeast Asian countries in the colonial and post-colonial periods. The thesis itself is a very important piece of research on a neglected subject: a comparison of the policies developed by the two newly independent and war-embroiled Indonesian and Vietnamese (DRV and RVN) states. I am attaching the thesis’s abstract to this email.

Thuy’s scholarly achievement is in many ways exceptional. From Vietnam National University (VNU) in Hanoi where he obtained his first BA degree in 2005, he joined the ENCOMPASS (Encountering a Common Past in Asia) programme a the Institute for History, University of Leiden. This means that Thuy studied simultaneously three languages – English, Bahasa Indonesia and Dutch – whilst he completed a second BA (2007) and then an MPhil degree (2009) before being appointed to a four-year Ph.D. position at the Faculty of Humanities, Leiden University, to carry out his doctoral research. Since 2006, he is Lecturer at VNU’s Faculty of History, School of Social Sciences and Humanities.

Pham Van Thuy is one of the few young Vietnamese historians who can claim to be truly knowledgeable about another Southeast Asian country, its language as well as the language of its former colonial occupyers. He used the two languages to work at both the Dutch and Indonesian archives and to read secondary source materials. Understandably, after having devoted comparably more efforts to research on Indonesia, he wants to deepen his knowledge about his own country and interact more with other Vietnam scholars. He is currently studying French and already plans to go to Aix-en-Provence!

Philippe Peycam
IIAS

Source : VSG

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Asbract

Beyond Political Skin:

Convergent Paths to an Independent National Economy in Indonesia and Vietnam

The study discusses the transformation from a colonial into a national economy in Indonesia and Vietnam. It focuses on two intertwined processes of economic decolonization and reconstruction in the two countries after the Second World War, paying special attention to political and institutional factors involved in these processes. The study demonstrates that, although differences in the political situations resulted in the adoption of divergent strategies, Indonesia and Vietnam were in fact pursuing similar long-term goals, namely: to attain an independent national economy. The Indonesian government was determined to get rid of the economic legacy of Dutch colonialism by placing the whole economy under the strong state control and ownership, in accordance with the spirit of Guided Democracy and Guided Economy in the late 1950s and the early 1960s. This effort resembled much the socialist transformation of North Vietnam in the late 1950s and the various means by which the Ngo Dinh Diem government of South Vietnam concentrated economic power in its hands during the late 1950s and the early 1960s.