Archives par mot-clé : histoire des idées

Peter Zinoman: Vietnamese Colonial Republican – The Political Vision of Vu Trong Phung [parution]

Zinoman_VuTrongPhung[ndlr] Une étude importante de Peter Zinoman vient de paraître. Présentation de l’éditeur.

This volume is a comprehensive study of Vietnam’s greatest and most controversial 20th century writer who died tragically in 1939 at the age of 28. Vu Trong Phung is known for a remarkable collection of politically provocative novels and sensational works of non-fiction reportage that were banned by the communist state from 1960 to 1986.

Leading Vietnam scholar, Zinoman, resurrects the life and work of an important intellectual and author in order to reveal a neglected political project that is excluded from conventional accounts of modern Vietnamese political history. He sees Vu Trong Phung as a leading proponent of a localized republican tradition that opposed colonialism, communism, and unfettered capitalism—and that led both to the banning of his work and to the durability of his popular appeal in Vietnam today.

Contents

List of Illustrations
Acknowledgments

Introduction
1. Sources of Vu Trong Phung’s Colonial Republicanism
2. Capitalism and Social Reform
3. The Question of Communism
4. The Crisis of Vietnamese Sexuality
5. Banning Vu Trong Phung
Conclusion

Notes
Bibliography
Index

Peter Zinoman is Professor of History and Southeast Asian Studies at the University of California, Berkeley; author of The Colonial Bastille: A History of Imprisonment in Vietnam, 1862-1940 (UC Press, 2001); and cotranslator of Dumb Luck: A Novel by Vu Trong Phung.

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Reviews

« Vietnamese Colonial Republican is the best single study of a major twentieth-century Southeast Asian writer, and his critical relationship to both the colonial and postcolonial eras, known to me. It offers an unsurpassed discussion of the complexities of colonial modernity and their troubled Cold War aftermath. » —Alexander Woodside, author of Community and Revolution in Modern Vietnam

« Peter Zinoman and Vu Trong Phung are two gadflies who were meant for each other. In this wonderfully researched and beautifully crafted biography, Zinoman introduces us to the short productive life and extraordinary times of modern Vietnam’s greatest writer. Vu Trong Phung’s social critiques earned him the opprobrium of communists and colonialists in the 1930s, but the themes he explored remain as relevant today as ever. And as always, Zinoman argues provocatively: Phung serves as a case study in how French Republicanism worked itself out in fascinating ways in the empire. Neither Zinoman nor his subject disappoint. » —Christopher Goscha, author of Going Indochinese: Contesting Concepts of Space and Place in French Indochina.

« In Vietnamese Colonial Republican, Peter Zinoman gives three important contributions to the study of modern Vietnam. First, he proposes a new interpretation of debates among intellectuals in the interwar period; his exposition of ‘colonial republicanism’ is a fresh and compelling alternative to the version of modern politics that primarily focuses upon the Vietnamese communists. Second, his analysis of the work of Vu Trong Phung greatly expands our view of literature, thought, and culture in the 1930s. Third, his discussion of ‘reform communism’ offers a fresh vantage on Hanoi politics in the late 1950s. This professionally documented work is clear and readable, yet full of substance. » —Keith Weller Taylor, author of The Birth of Vietnam.

Source : University of California Press

 

Tuan Hoang: Ideology in Urban South Vietnam, 1950-1975 [PhD diss.]

[ndlr] Signalement d’une thèse de doctorat d’histoire soutenue le 26 mars 2013 à l’Université Notre-Dame (Indiana, Etats-Unis). Félicitations à Tuan Hoang pour ce travail qui apporte une pierre supplémentaire au renouveau des études sur la République du Viêt-Nam (Sud).

FDC_Struggle&Development

 Cliquez sur l’image pour l’agrandir (source: Manh Hai Photo Gallery)

Hoang, Tuan: Ideology in Urban South Vietnam, 1950-1975

This dissertation addresses the subject of noncommunist political and cultural ideology in urban South Vietnam during 1954-1975. It contributes to the historiography of the Vietnam War, specifically on the long-neglected Republic of Vietnam (RVN) that has received greater attention in the last decade. The basic argument is that the postcolonial ideological vision of most urban South Vietnamese diverged greatly from that of the Vietnamese communist revolutionaries. This vision explains for the puzzling question on why the communist revolutionaries were far more effective in winning the minds and hearts of Vietnamese in countryside than in cities. At the same time, this vision was complicated by the uneasy relationship with the Americans.

The dissertation examines four aspects in particular. First is the construction of anticommunism: Although influenced by Cold War bipolarity, anticommunism in urban South Vietnam was shaped initially and primarily by earlier differences about modernity and post-colonialism. It was intensified through intra-Vietnamese experiences of the First Indochina War.

The second aspect is the promotion of individualism. Instead of the socialist person as advocated by communist revolutionaries, urban South Vietnamese promoted a bourgeois petit vision of the postcolonial person. Much of the sources for this promotion came from the West, especially France and the U.S. But it was left to urban South Vietnamese writers to interpret and promote what this person ought to be.

The third one concerns the development of nationalism. Urban South Vietnam continued to uphold the views of nationalism developed during late colonialism, such as the elevation of national heroes and the essentialization of Vietnamese civilization. Noncommunist South Vietnamese urbanites were influenced by ethnic nationalism, although they also developed the tendency to look towards other newly independent nations for nationalistic inspiration and ideas about their own postcolonial nation.

The last aspect has to do with the relationship with Americans: The views of urban South Vietnamese on the U.S. were generally positive during the early years of the RVN. But there was also wariness that burst into resentment and anti-Americanism after Washington Americanized the war in 1965. The dissertation looks into two very different urban groups in order to extract the variety of sources about anti-Americanism.

Source : University of Notre-Dame

Table of contents :

  • Acknowledgments – iii
  • Introduction Urban South Vietnam in the American Experience and Historiography – p. 1
  • Chapter One: Vietnamese Communism and Anticommunism Until 1954 – p. 48
  • Chapter Two: The Critique of Communism in Urban South Vietnam – p. 99
  • Chapter Three: Individualism in Urban South Vietnam: Background and Context – p. 168
  • Chapter Four: The Promotion of “Learning To Be Human” – p. 222
  • Chapter Five: The Development and Continuity of Nationalism – p. 334
  • Chapter Six: Perceptions of the U.S. Before the Americanization of the War – p. 408
  • Chapter Seven: The Roots and Growth of Anti-Americanism – p. 464
  • Epilogue – p. 515
  • Bibliography – p. 523