Archives par mot-clé : frontières

Danielle Tan : Économies illicites, réseaux chinois et formation de l’État en Asie du Sud-Est

[ndlr] Séminaire général du CASE : intervention de Danielle Tan (Institut d’Asie Orientale – ENS Lyon) le 19 mars 2015 de 10h à 12h à la Maison de l’Asie. A ne pas manquer.

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DanielleTan_Case

Économies illicites, réseaux chinois et formation de l’État en Asie du Sud-Est

Une histoire alternative du Triangle d’Or

(Thaïlande, Laos et Birmanie)

Danielle Tan

Cette recherche s’intéresse au rôle de la Chine et des réseaux chinois dans la reconfiguration d’un espace transnational particulier, à l’intersection de l’État shan en Birmanie et des provinces du nord de la Thaïlande et du Laos, que l’on nomme habituellement le « Triangle d’Or » et qui est célèbre pour avoir été le foyer historique de production de l’opium et de l’héroïne dans le monde. Ces dix dernière années, sous l’action des capitaux et des migrants chinois, ces marges frontalières, transformées en zones économiques spéciales abritant de gigantesques casinos, sont devenues de véritables enclaves chinoises bénéficiant d’un régime d’extraterritorialité rappelant ironiquement les concessions imposées à la Chine au milieu du XIXe siècle par les puissances coloniales. Alors que les analystes se sont empressés d’y voir l’émergence d’un néo-colonialisme chinois, ce projet de recherche tente au contraire, à travers une approche orientée vers la sociologie historique du politique, de mettre en avant la complexité des processus politiques à l’œuvre dans les marges montagneuses du Triangle d’Or, où les frontières entre le licite et l’illicite sont devenus floues, mais où l’imbrication des pratiques participe au processus de formation de l’État. Cette région-frontière nous invite à repenser, dans la longue durée, les relations centre-périphérie, plaines-montagnes, ainsi que le rôle des réseaux transnationaux chinois dans la formation de l’État en Asie du Sud-Est. Je montrerai comment les réseaux chinois ont constitué dans le passé – et continue d’être – des partenaires clés du projet de « last enclosure » (Scott 2009) engagé par les États lao, thaï et birman pour conquérir, rentabiliser et domestiquer leurs marges rebelles.

  • Photo_DTanDanielle Tan est docteure en science politique (Sciences Po Paris 2011). Ses principaux axes de recherche portent sur l’économie politique de la péninsule indochinoise, en particulier les dynamiques transnationales, ainsi que les transformations politiques, socio-économiques et territoriales qui résultent de la globalisation et de l’influence croissante de la Chine dans la région. Elle a commencé ses recherches au Cambodge en retraçant l’histoire de sa diaspora chinoise et a ensuite exploré le rôle joué par les réseaux transnationaux chinois dans la transformation de l’État au Laos. Après deux post-doctorats à ANU (Australian National University, Canberra) et à IIAS (International Institute for Asian Studies, Leiden), elle enseigne actuellement la science politique et les études asiatiques à Sciences Po Lyon en tant qu’ATER, et continue ses recherches en étant rattachée à l’IAO (Institut d’Asie Orientale – ENS Lyon). Elle est également chercheure associée à l’IRASEC.

Cliquez sur l’affichette pour l’agrandir.

The 6th « Engaging with Vietnam – An Interdisciplinary Dialogue » Conference

[ndlr] Nous postons l’annonce tardivement mais cette conférence internationale mérite grandement d’être citée. Présentation de la thématique de la rencontre scientifique par les organisateurs et compte-rendu en vietnamien sur RFA. Cette 6ème rencontre aborde l’histoire et l’espace du Viêt-Nam « déconstruit et reconnecté ». Le Viêt-Nam, ses frontières, ses périphéries, son morcellement ou sa dimension d’Empire régional sont dûment interrogés.

Conference organisation partners:

University of Oregon & University of Hawaii at Manoa – USA

 

November 5-7, 2014

Eugene, Oregon, USA

EngagingWithVietnam

Conference Theme:

Frontiers and Peripheries:

Vietnam Deconstructed and Reconnected

This two-day international conference promotes the study of Vietnam and dialogue between diverse communities of Vietnam scholars inside and outside Vietnam. This annual event has been held for five times since 2009 in Vietnam, Australia, and the U.S., co-sponsored by Monash University, Vietnam National University Hanoi, University of Hawaii at Manoa, the East-West Center in Honolulu, and Thai Nguyen University in Thai Nguyen, Vietnam. The Sixth Conference will be held on the beautiful campus of the University of Oregon. The University was founded in 1876 and is a world-class teaching and research university and the flagship university of the state of Oregon. It is located about two hours by car from Portland, Oregon, and one hour by air from San Francisco or Seattle.

One of the key identities of the Engaging with Vietnam Conference is its interdisciplinary research rigor that places scholarship as well as policy-research dialogues at the core of its agendas. It has brought speakers from various fields across the social sciences, Humanities, education, and policy to engage in these questions. Now in its sixth year, the conference has contributed to providing a forum for sharing exciting new research on Vietnam among a rapidly expanding scholarly community. The Sixth Conference will also be among the few general conferences dedicated to Vietnam ever held in continental United States in recent years. It will feature keynote panels consisting of scholars and education leaders speaking directly to the key foci of the conference.

The core theme of the Sixth Engaging with Vietnam conference is “Frontiers and Peripheries: Vietnam Deconstructed and Reconnected.” We invite participants to think of Vietnam not as a self-contained entity as in the conventional way. Instead, we want to deconstruct Vietnam, both as a frontier or periphery of larger entities and as containing in itself distinct frontiers and peripheries. The larger entities of which Vietnam constitutes a periphery or frontier can be some larger geographical/historical/cultural/economic/political zones, such as wet-rice economy, Chinese civilization, the Indo-Malay world, European imperialism, the Roman Catholic Church, Cold War camps, the K-pop wave, transnational social movements, transnational crimes, global capitalism, and diasporic communities.

Some of the questions we are interested in are: Where have Vietnamese situated themselves when they think of the broader world around them? How has Vietnam’s peripheral or frontier status shaped its history, culture, society, politics, and the identities of its people? What characterizes the major patterns of Vietnamese interactions with the center/metropole as well as with other peripheral or frontier areas? While external powers have historically sought to dominate Vietnam, Vietnamese in history and in the contemporary era have themselves sought to colonize other frontiers and peripheries. How have Vietnamese rationalized such events? How do they integrate internal frontiers and peripheries in their thoughts and acts? Can we think of Vietnam as an empire? We hope that this new conceptualization can show aspects of Vietnamese history, culture, economy, and politics in a fresh light.

The following scholars have agreed to participate in keynote panels:

Christopher Goscha (University of Quebec), Erik Harms (Yale), Kimberly Hoang (Boston College), Janet Hoskins (University of Southern California), Benedict Kerkvliet (Australian National University and University of Hawaii Manoa), Bui Tran Phuong (President, Hoa Sen University, Vietnam), Nguyen Tuan Cuong (Vietnam National University, Hanoi), Sandra Morgen (University of Oregon), Michael Singh (University of Western Sydney), Angie Ngoc Tran (California State University, Monterey Bay), Nu-Anh Tran (University of Connecticut), William Chapman (Universityof Hawaii Manoa), and Peter Zinoman (University of California, Berkeley).

Source : Engaging With Vietnam

Programme en PDF : The 6th « Engaging with Vietnam – An Interdisciplinary Dialogue » Conference

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Hội thảo Đồng hành cùng Việt Nam lần 6

Ngày 6/11, tại Đại học Oregon, thành phố Eugene, tiểu bang Oregon diễn ra hội thảo mang tên Đồng hành cùng Việt Nam. Đây là lần thứ sáu cuộc hội thảo thường niên này được tổ chức nhằm tổ chức trao đổi những ý kiến, quan điểm khác nhau về Việt Nam.

Mở đầu là lời đón chào của ông Dennis Galvan phụ trách các vấn đề đối ngọai của đại học Oregon gửi đến hơn 40 học giả, nhà nghiên cứu về Việt Nam đến từ khắp nơi trên thế giới, trong đó có nhiều người đến từ Việt Nam. Ông Galvan cũng nhấn mạnh đến vai trò ngày càng tăng của vùng châu Á Thái Bình Dương mà Việt Nam là một thành viên quan trọng.

Lịch sử

Buổi hội thảo bắt đầu bằng các bài phát biểu về lịch sử Việt Nam của Tiến sĩ Vũ tường từ Đại học Oregon và Tiến sĩ Christopher Goscha từ Đại học Quebec [tại Montreal], Canada.

Tiến sĩ Goscha cho rằng nước Việt Nam hiện tại có nguồn gốc rất đa dạng gồm nhiều phần đất khác nhau với những lịch sử phát triển khác nhau.

Tiến sĩ Vũ Tường thì trình bày về lịch sử của quốc gia Việt Nam như là một đế quốc, có một quan hệ phức tạp với một đế quốc hàng đầu là đế quốc Trung Hoa. Ông so sánh quan hệ giữa quốc gia Việt Nam với đế quốc Trung Hoa cũng giống như quan hệ giữa các quốc gia cộng sản Đông Âu với đế quốc Xô Viết, mặc dù rất lệ thuộc nhưng đế quốc Xô Viết không phải là người thống trị các quốc gia đó.

Ông Vũ Tường cũng đề cập đến những nhà lãnh đạo Việt Nam trong quá khứ và hiện tại có sử dụng đến sức mạnh của đế quốc Trung Hoa để giải quyết chuyện nội bộ của mình, nhưng đồng thời cũng thách thức đế quốc Trung Hoa. Ông dẫn chứng trường hợp ông Lê Duẩn, trong thời kỳ Việt Nam xung đột với Trung Quốc.

Read more / Lire la suite : RFA, 07/11/2014.

Séminaire “Mémoires d’Indochine” 2014 : Séance 5

Année universitaire 2014-2015 / Master Asie Orientale Contemporaine (ASIOC) / Semestre 1

 

Mémoires d’Indochine :

La décolonisation et la guerre

vécues par les populations du Viêt-Nam, du Laos et du Cambodge

Mémoiresd'Indochine_2014

Séance 5 – Mardi 4 novembre 2014

« Marges et frontières post-coloniales »

Participation des étudiants du séminaire au panel : Frontiers encounters, exchanges and frictions. Présentation du panel par Danielle Tan suivie d’une communication de Caroline Grillot « Smuggling or not smuggling? Balancing powers between Chinese traders and Vietnamese law-enforcements agents » (10h-10h30) et d’une communication de Kyoko Kusakabe, « Working through ‘exceptional’ space: A case of women migrant workers in Mae Sot, Thailand » (11h-11h30). Les deux communications seront accompagnées d’une séance de questions-réponses de 30 minutes chacune. Nous quitterons la problématique de la mémoire momentanément pour nous plonger dans celle des relations inter-frontalières et de l’espace social en Asie du Sud-Est. Notons également l’intervention de Vathana Pholsena : « Social change and state emergence in times of war and revolution: Insights from a border region in Laos »,  dès le lundi 3 novembre 2014 (14h-14h30). Le programme de l’ensemble du Workshop est en ligne sur le site Rethinking Asia (PDF).

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Exposés oraux en première partie du séminaire de 9h à 10h :

La question des civils dans la guerre sera au cœur des deux exposés.

 

Pour aller plus loin :

  • Condominas, Georges, L’espace social. A propos de l’Asie du Sud-Est, Paris : Les Indes Savantes, 2006. (Réédition)
  • Goscha, Christopher E., Going Indochinese : Contesting Concepts of Space and Place in French Indochinese, Copenhagen : NIAS Press, 2012.

 

Omer Bartov et Eric D. Weitz : Shatterzone of Empires [séminaire ENS de Lyon]

[ndlr] Annonce de séminaire.

Séminaire

« L’ordinaire de la guerre. Guerres et violences extrêmes sous le regard des sciences sociales”

ENS de Lyon

Bartov&Weitz_ShatterzoneOfEmpire

André Loez et Sylvain Bertschy

présentation de l’ouvrage dirigé par Omer Bartov et Eric D. Weitz

Shatterzone of Empires

Coexistence and Violence in the German, Habsburg, Russian, and Ottoman Borderlands

(Presses de l’université d’Indiana, 2013)

Mardi 13 mai 2014

de 14h à 17h, en salle F001.

 

Shatterzone of Empires is a comprehensive analysis of interethnic relations, coexistence, and violence in Europe’s eastern borderlands over the past two centuries. In this vast territory, extending from the Baltic to the Black Sea, four major empires with ethnically and religiously diverse populations encountered each other along often changing and contested borders. Examining this geographically widespread, multicultural region at several levels—local, national, transnational, and empire—and through multiple approaches—social, cultural, political, and economic—this volume offers informed and dispassionate analyses of how the many populations of these borderlands managed to coexist in a previous era and how and why the areas eventually descended into violence. An understanding of this specific region will help readers grasp the preconditions of interethnic coexistence and the causes of ethnic violence and war in many of the world’s other borderlands both past and present.

Omer Bartov is the John P. Birkelund Distinguished Professor of European History at Brown University. His books include Erased: Vanishing Traces of Jewish Galicia in Present-Day Ukraine and Mirrors of Destruction: War, Genocide, and Modern Identity.

Eric D. Weitz is Dean of Humanities and the Arts and Professor of History at City College, City University of New York. His books include A Century of Genocide: Utopias of Race and Nation and Weimar Germany: Promise and Tragedy.

 

Pour en savoir plus sur cet ouvrage :

Engaging with Vietnam Sixth International Conference [call for papers]

Engaging with Vietnam Sixth International Conference

Eugene, Oregon, 6-7 November 2014

EngagingWithVietnam

Website: www.engagingwithvietnam.com

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Frontiers and Peripheries: Vietnam Deconstructed and Reconnected

Sponsors and Organizations

Co-sponsors and Co-organizers: University of Oregon and University of Hawaii at Manoa

This two-day international conference promotes the study of Vietnam and dialogue between diverse communities of Vietnam scholars inside and outside Vietnam. This annual event has been held for five times since 2009 in Vietnam, Australia, and the U.S., co-sponsored by Monash University, Vietnam National University Hanoi, University of Hawaii at Manoa, the East-West Center in Honolulu, and Thai Nguyen University in Thai Nguyen, Vietnam. The Sixth Conference will be held on the beautiful campus of the University of Oregon. The University was founded in 1876 and is a world-class teaching and research university and the flagship university of the state of Oregon. It is located about two hours by car from Portland, Oregon, and one hour by air from San Francisco or Seattle.

One of the key identities of the Engaging with Vietnam Conference is its interdisciplinary research rigor that places scholarship as well as policy-research dialogues at the core of its agendas. It has brought speakers from various fields across the social sciences, humanities, education, and policy to engage in these questions. Now in its sixth year, the conference has contributed to providing a forum for sharing exciting new research on Vietnam among a rapidly expanding scholarly community. The Sixth Conference will also be among the few general conferences dedicated to Vietnam ever held in continental United States in recent years. It will feature keynote panels consisting of scholars and education leaders speaking directly to the key foci of the conference.

The core theme of the Sixth Engaging with Vietnam conference is “Frontiers and Peripheries: Vietnam Deconstructed and Reconnected.” We invite participants to think of Vietnam not as a self-contained entity as in the conventional way. Instead, we want to deconstruct Vietnam, both as a frontier or periphery of larger entities and as containing in itself distinct frontiers and peripheries. The larger entities of which Vietnam constitutes a periphery or frontier can be some larger geographical/historical/cultural/economic/political zones, such as wet-rice economy, Chinese civilization, the Indo-Malay world, European imperialism, the Roman Catholic Church, Cold War camps, the K-pop wave, transnational social movements, transnational crimes, global capitalism, and diasporic communities.

Some of the questions we are interested in are: Where have Vietnamese situated themselves when they think of the broader world around them? How has Vietnam’s peripheral or frontier status shaped its history, culture, society, politics, and the identities of its people? What characterizes the major patterns of Vietnamese interactions with the center/metropole as well as with other peripheral or frontier areas? While external powers have historically sought to dominate Vietnam, Vietnamese in history and in the contemporary era have themselves sought to colonize other frontiers and peripheries. How have Vietnamese rationalized such events? How do they integrate internal frontiers and peripheries in their thoughts and acts? Can we think of Vietnam as an empire? We hope that this new conceptualization can show aspects of Vietnamese history, culture, economy, and politics in a fresh light.

Besides the core theme, we invite proposals for panels and papers that address issues that you believe are significant in Vietnam’s internal development or external engagement. These might include, for example, migration, urbanization, labor relations, gender and religious issues, land use and rural development, financial and economic reform, trade and investment, climate change and other related environment and resource issues, legal and constitutional reform, cultural changes, and elite politics and foreign policy. Issues salient to the diasporic communities of Vietnam abroad and their relationship to Vietnam are similarly important.

We are interested in both cutting-edge academic research as well as policy issues. While the organizers prefer submissions for panels, they are also willing to consider individual submissions. If accepted, the organizers will seek to group such individuals into panels reflecting similar research or interests. Excellent submissions may be selected for publication in an edited volume. Participants are expected to find their own way to Eugene, Oregon. A modest conference fee will cover meal and other costs of the conference.

We welcome your ideas and your submissions, and we promise you a rich and rewarding experience in Oregon.

Please upload your panel proposal (500 words) or paper proposal (200-300 words) by the deadline below.

Deadline for abstract submission: August 30, 2014

Notification of acceptance: September 15, 2014

Individual presentation: 30 minutes, including 10 minutes for questions

Panel (4 papers maximum): up to 120 minutes, including question time

Please download the abstract submission form, complete it and send it to engagingwithvietnam@gmail.com with the subject title “Abstract Submission.”

Please address all queries regarding the conference to engagingwithvietnam@gmail.com.

With best regards,

Conference Co-Chairs and Co-Convenors,

Tuong Vu and Glenn May (University of Oregon)

Phan Le Ha (University of Hawaii, Manoa, Monash University, & VNU Hanoi)

Liam Kelley (University of Hawaii, Manoa)

[à lire] Democratic Kampuchea’s Genocide of the Cham – Julie Thi Underhill

Woman in Svay Khleang, during conversation about the village's history © Julie Thi Underhill
Woman in Svay Khleang, during conversation about the village’s history © Julie Thi Underhill

[ndlr] Publié sur la revue en ligne diaCRITICS il y a presque trois ans nous vous recommandons cet essai de Julie Thi Underhill sur le destin des populations cham pendant la période du Kampuchéa Démocratique des Khmers rouges. L’article est accompagné de 13 photos prises pour la plupart dans le village de O Russei (province de Kampong Chhnang) et à Svay Khleang dans le district de Krauch Chhmar (province de Kampong Cham) le long du Mékong. Nous remercions le professeur Nguyen The Anh de nous avoir signalé ce document.

The Cham are descendants of Champa, a longstanding kingdom that that once occupied most of today’s central Việt Nam—roughly from Quảng Bình to Đồng Nai provinces. Beginning in the late fifteenth century, the Cham fled Vietnamese incursions into northern Champa, finding refuge in southern Champa and in the successive Buddhist kingdoms that emerged after the fall of Angkor. Some Cham territory in Việt Nam remained intact, in gradually eroding parcels, until 1832. The Cham in Cambodia lived in relative peace until the 1970s, when they were targeted by the Khmer Rouge. For five hundred years now, in both Việt Nam and Cambodia, only some Cham have survived the most perilous conditions. However, international attention has never settled upon any Cham community until now, in the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia, more casually known as the Khmer Rouge tribunal. In Phnom Penh, the tribunal currently considers whether the well- documented persecutions of the Cham in Cambodia do indeed provide sufficient evidence of the Khmer Rouge’s intent to destroy them, in whole or in part.

Lire la suite : diaCRITICS, 15/10/2010

  • Essay and photographs by Julie Thi Underhill, managing editor of diaCRITICS and artist, photographer, filmmaker, writer, and historian. She is currently a doctoral candidate at University of California Berkeley in the department of ethnic studies, where she specializes in Cham studies, diasporic studies, Asian American film/video, Asian American history, and transnational feminisms.