Archives par mot-clé : diaspora

John C. Schafer : Võ Phiến and the Sadness of Exile [new edition]

[ndlr] La seconde édition de l’ouvrage de John C. Schafer sur l’écrivain Vo Phien est disponible en ligne sur Digital Commons @ Humboldt State University.

Võ Phiến and the Sadness of Exile describes the life and work of one of the most respected writers in the Vietnamese diaspora. A well-known writer in Vietnam before he sought refuge in the United States in1975, Võ Phiến continued to write in the U.S. He published numerous stories and essays and edited a seven-volume collection of works written in South Vietnam from 1954-1975. In this first book-length study in English of a modern Vietnamese writer, Schafer introduces readers to an author who has much to teach us about war, revolution and exile in a strange land.

schafer_vophienandthesadnessofexileCliquer sur l’image pour accéder au texte en ligne

Call for papers: « Rencontres: A Gathering Voices of the Vietnamese diaspora » – Melbourne, 1-2 December 2016

[ndlr] Appel à communications de Alex Kurmann et Tess Do, The University of Melbourne.

Please find below a call for papers for the colloquium, Rencontres: A Gathering of Voices of the Vietnamese Diaspora, in Melbourne in early December.

Rencontres: A Gathering of Voices of the Vietnamese Diaspora

 

The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia, 1-2 December, 2016

 

Literature of the Vietnamese diaspora in the English and French speaking worlds, as well as scholarship on Franco- and Anglophone Vietnamese writing, flourish for the most part in separation from one another. At present, no substantial work brings these voices into dialogue. This two day colloquium seeks to facilitate such an exchange through a gathering of writers and scholars of the Vietnamese diaspora, its literature and artistic production.

We will host author readings by French, New Caledonian and Australian writers of Vietnamese origin in a public reception in the early evening on 1 December prior to an academic colloquium to take place all day on December 2.

The following writers will present their work at the public lecture: Anna Moï, Thanh-Van Tran-Nhut, Marcelino Truong (France), Jean Vanmai (New Caledonia), Chi Vu, Hoa Pham (Australia).

Topics of interest for scholarly papers include, but are in no way limited to:

  • Connections /comparisons between Vietnamese diasporic literatures and arts
  • Diaspora Literary Studies
  • 1st, 1.5 and 2nd generation writers of the diaspora
  • Narratives of refugee experience
  • Narratives of migration and exile
  • Trends in genre
  • Positions on « Vietnamese Francophone », « Vietnamese  Australian », « Minority » or  « Ethnic » literatures.
  • Post-colonial literature
  • The Vietnam War in literature and artistic production

Please send an abstract of up to 250 words to alex.kurmann@mq.edu.au by September 15.

Brenda M. Boyle and Jeehyun Lim, eds.: Looking Back on the Vietnam War – Twenty-First Century Perspectives

[ndlr] Parution d’un ouvrage collectif dans lequel les perspectives vietnamiennes sont prépondérantes. Présentation de l’éditeur.

LookingBackOnTheVietnamWarMore than forty years have passed since the official end of the Vietnam War, yet the war’s legacies endure. Its history and iconography still provide fodder for film and fiction, communities of war refugees have spawned a wide Vietnamese diaspora, and the United States military remains embroiled in unwinnable wars with eerie echoes of Vietnam.

Looking Back on the Vietnam War brings together scholars from a broad variety of disciplines, who offer fresh insights on the war’s psychological, economic, artistic, political, and environmental impacts. Each essay examines a different facet of the war, from its representation in Marvel comic books to the experiences of Vietnamese soldiers exposed to Agent Orange. By putting these pieces together, the contributors assemble an expansive yet nuanced composite portrait of the war and its global legacies.

Though they come from diverse scholarly backgrounds, ranging from anthropology to film studies, the contributors are united in their commitment to original research. Whether exploring rare archives or engaging in extensive interviews, they voice perspectives that have been excluded from standard historical accounts. Looking Back on the Vietnam War thus embarks on an interdisciplinary and international investigation to discover what we remember about the war, how we remember it, and why.

Contributors

Brenda Boyle, Jeehyun Lim, Yen Le Espiritu, Quan Tue Tran, Viet Thanh Nguyen, Lan Duong, Vinh Nguyen, Robert Mason, Leonie Jones, Heonik Kwon, Diane Niblack Fox, Cathy Schlund-Vials

Table Of Contents

Chronology

Note on the Text

Introduction: Looking Back at the Vietnam War / Brenda M. Boyle and Jeehyun Lim

  • Chapter 1: Vietnamese Refugees and Internet Memorials: When Does War End and Who Gets to Decide? / Yên Lê Espiritu
  • Chapter 2: Broken, but Not Forsaken: Disabled South Vietnamese Veterans in Vietnam and the Vietnamese Diaspora / Quan Tue Tran
  • Chapter 3: What Is Vietnamese American Literature? / Viet Thanh Nguyen
  • Chapter 4: Viet Nam and the Diaspora: Absence, Presence, and the Archive / Lan Duong
  • Chapter 5: Liberal Humanitarianism and Post–Cold War Cultural Politics: The Case of Le Ly Hayslip / Jeehyun Lim
  • Chapter 6: Ann Hui’s Boat People: Documenting Vietnamese Refugees in Hong Kong / Vinh Nguyen
  • Chapter 7: “The Deep Black Hole”: Vietnam in the Memories of Australian Veterans and Refugees / Robert Mason and Leonie Jones
  • Chapter 8: Missing Bodies and Homecoming Spirits / Heonik Kwon
  • Chapter 9: Agent Orange: Toxic Chemical, Narrative of Suffering, Metaphor for War / Diane Niblack Fox
  • Chapter 10: Re-Seeing Cambodia and Recollecting The ’Nam: A Vertiginous Critique of the Military Sublime / Cathy J. Schlund-Vials
  • Chapter 11: Naturalizing War: The Stories We Tell about the Vietnam War / Brenda M. Boyle

Appendix A: Archives

Appendix B: Publications since 2000

Notes on Contributors

Index

Source : Rutgers University Press

Les résidus de la guerre, la mobilisation des réfugiés du Nord pour un Vietnam non-communiste (1954-1965)

[ndlr] Thèse soutenue récemment à Montréal. Nous adressons toutes nos félicitations à Phi Vân.

Les résidus de la guerre

la mobilisation des réfugiés du Nord pour un Vietnam non-communiste (1954-1965)

Phi Vân Nguyen

mardi 13 octobre 2015

Résumé :

Au terme de la guerre d’Indochine, le cessez-le-feu établi par la conférence de Genève  de 1954 regroupa les forces belligérantes de part et d’autre du 17ème parallèle. En plus des soldats, plus de 800 000 individus, dont une majorité de catholiques, évacuèrent le nord pour rejoindre la zone non-communiste dans le sud. Ngô Đình Diệm, le dirigeant de Saigon, avait protesté contre les clauses établies à Genève et confirma sa position lorsqu’il déclara ne pas organiser de référendum sur l’unification territoriale tant que les communistes demeureraient au pouvoir dans le nord. Dès lors, l’exil de ces personnes allait s’éterniser. Comment la migration de 1954 influença-t-elle la mobilisation politique et culturelle des réfugiés du nord dans le sud du Vietnam ?

À l’aide d’archives privées et gouvernementales venant du Vietnam, de France et des États-Unis, notre thèse étudie le parcours politique et culturel des réfugiés depuis leur arrivée dans le sud en 1954 jusqu’au déclenchement de la guerre du Vietnam en 1965. Leur histoire s’étudie au travers de quatre séquences d’action convergentes.

  • Une première partie aborde la façon dont les États-Unis et la république utilisèrent l’épopée de ces réfugiés pour illustrer leurs combats politiques et économiques. En dépit de cette instrumentalisation, les réfugiés développèrent leur propre discours nationaliste inspiré par leur exil et dont l’objectif ultime était de venger leur départ forcé du nord.
  • Une deuxième facette de notre étude souligne que cette lutte pour un Vietnam unifié et débarrassé du communisme constituait pour eux le seul moyen de rendre justice à leur exil.
  • Le troisième volet analyse la relation qu’entrenaient les réfugiés vis-à-vis de la république. Loin d’être de simples marionnettes, ils appuyèrent Ngô Đình Diệm mais s’opposèrent aussi à sa concentration des pouvoirs ou ses méthodes pour combattre le communisme.
  • Enfin, une dernière partie examine les rapports entre les réfugiés et le reste de la société sud-vietnamienne et du monde occidental. Aveuglés par des années de médiatisation internationale, les réfugiés étaient persuadés d’avoir le monopole de la pensée nationaliste et combattirent tout alternative politique, venant de l’extérieur comme de l’intérieur du Vietnam.

Le cessez-le-feu de Genève avait marqué la fin de la guerre d’Indochine et précipité ces réfugiés dans l’exil. Pendant près de dix ans, ils exhortèrent le gouvernement et l’opinion internationale à reprendre la guerre et ainsi rétablir cette injustice. Cette détermination à reconquérir le nord et combattre le communisme, souligne la double nature du conflit indochinois. Ce n’était pas qu’un front chaud de la guerre froide, que la conférence de 1954 avait neutralisé. Ces affrontements étaient aussi l’enjeu d’une véritable guerre civile, opposant différentes visions de la nation vietnamienne. Ainsi, les réfugiés refusèrent de baisser les armes et incitèrent toute la société sud-vietnamienne à suivre leur exemple, jusqu’à ce que les troupes américaines débarquent en mars 1965 pour combattre d’elles-mêmes les insurgés communistes.

Mots clés : guerre d’Indochine, guerre du Vietnam, guerre froide, guerre civile, réfugiés, diaspora, neutralisation

 

Direction de recherche:

  • Christopher Goscha, directeur de recherche
  • Laurence Monnais, codirectrice de recherche

Membres du jury:

  • Andrew Barros, professeur au Département d’histoire de l’Université du Québec à Montréal
  • Christopher Goscha, professeur au Département d’histoire de l’Université du Québec à Montréal
  • Edward Miller, professeur au Département d’histoire du Darmouth College
  • Laurence Monnais, professeure au Département d’histoire de l’Université de Montréal
  • Philip Taylor, professeur, School of Culture, History and Language, Australian National University
UQAM – Pavillon Hubert-Aquin (A) / A-6290

400, rue Sainte-Catherine Est

Montréal (QC) Canada  H2L 2C5

Image « à la une » : manifestation nationaliste en 1954 au Nord © 1954 Life

Nathalie Huynh Chau Nguyen, Vietnam’s Forgotten Soldiers

[ndlr] Avis de la parution prochaine d’un ouvrage sur la mémoire des soldats sud-vietnamiens (ARVN) réfugiés en Australie. Aboutissement d’un projet de recherche de longue haleine mené par Nathalie Huynh Chau Nguyen (Monash University) pour constituer une histoire orale de ces vétérans à la bibliothèque nationale d’Australie.

Nathalie Nguyen says the 40th anniversary of the end of the Vietnam War brings painful memories for former South Vietnamese soldiers. But in Australia, veterans are keeping their stories alive – and slowly changing perceptions of the war.

NathalieHuynhChauNguyen_SouthVietnameseSoldiers

I wanted to explore the stories of Vietnamese veterans in Australia because they are the forgotten soldiers of the Vietnam War.

More than 250,000 South Vietnamese soldiers were killed in the 1955 -1975 war however their histories have been largely silenced in the wider story of the war, and erased in postwar Vietnam.

General mobilization was decreed in South Vietnam in 1968, and nearly every male over the age of twenty had some form of military experience. South Vietnam suffered terrible casualties during the war: In one year alone, in 1972, 39,587 South Vietnamese soldiers were killed in action while 109,960 were wounded. South Vietnam had a population of approximately 18 million. It was a country scarred by war.

Many veterans experienced years of internment after the war and many escaped their country as refugees.

Lire la suite / Read more : Australia Plus – ABC International

Voir aussi :

Thuy Vo Dang, Linda Trinh Vo, Tram Le : Vietnamese in Orange County [parution]

[ndlr] Parution prévue pour le 9 mars prochain.

VietnameseInOrangeCountyVietnamese Americans have transformed the social, cultural, economic, and political life of Orange County, California. Previously, there were a small number of Vietnamese in the United States who were international students, international or war brides, or military personnel, but the majority arrived as refugees and immigrants since the end of the Vietnam War in 1975. Although they are lumped together as “refugees,” Vietnamese Americans are diverse in terms of their class, ethnic, regional, religious, linguistic, and ideological backgrounds. Their migration paths varied, and they often struggled with resettling in a new homeland and rebuilding their lives. They are dispersed throughout the county, but many are concentrated in central Orange County, where three cities—Westminster, Garden Grove, and Santa Ana— have “Welcome to Little Saigon” signs. They constitute the largest population of Vietnamese outside of Vietnam and have created flourishing residential neighborhoods and bustling commercial centers and have contributed to the political and cultural life of the region. This book captures snapshots of Vietnamese life in Orange County over the span of 40 years and shows a dynamic, vibrant community that is revitalizing the region.

LoanPhamThaiFamily_VAOHP
© 2015 UCI / VAOHP

Author Bio: Thuy Vo Dang has a doctorate in ethnic studies from the University of California, San Diego, and is the archivist for the Southeast Asian Archive and Regional History at the University of California, Irvine, Libraries; Linda Trinh Vo has a doctorate in sociology from the University of California, San Diego, and is an associate professor in the Department of Asian American Studies and director of the Vietnamese American Oral History Project; Tram Le has a master of arts in Asian American studies from the University of California, Los Angeles, and is the associate director of the Vietnamese American Oral History Project at UC Irvine. Images from the book came from University of California, Irvine, archival collections and authors’ personal collections, as well as from journalists, artists, students, and community leaders.

Source : Arcadia Publishing

Janet A. Hoskins : The Divine Eye and the Diaspora – Vietnamese Syncretism Becomes Transpacific Caodaism [parution]

JanetHoskins_The DivineEyeAndTheDiaspora[ndlr] Parution d’une nouvelle étude sur le Caodaïsme vietnamien. Présentation de l’éditeur.

What is the relationship between syncretism and diaspora? Caodaism is a large but almost unknown new religion that provides answers to this question. Born in Vietnam during the struggles of decolonization, shattered and spatially dispersed by cold war conflicts, it is now reshaping the goals of its four million followers. Colorful and strikingly eclectic, its “outrageous syncretism” incorporates Chinese, Buddhist, and Western religions as well as world figures like Victor Hugo, Jeanne d’Arc, Vladimir Lenin, and (in the USA) Joseph Smith, the founder of Mormonism.

The book looks at the connections between “the age of revelations” (1925-1934) in French Indochina and the “age of diaspora” (1975-present) when many Caodai leaders and followers went into exile. Structured in paired biographies to trace relations between masters and disciples, now separated by oceans, it focuses on five members of the founding generation and their followers or descendants in California, showing the continuing obligation to honor those who forged the initial vision to “bring the gods of the East and West together.” Diasporic congregations in California have interacted with New Age ideas and stereotypes of a “Walt Disney fantasia of the East,” at the same time that temples in Vietnam have re-opened their doors after decades of severe restrictions.

Caodaism forces us to reconsider how anthropologists study religious mixtures in postcolonial settings. Its dynamics challenge the unconscious Eurocentrism of our notions of how religions are bounded and conceptualized.

Source : University of Hawaii Press

  • Réf. : Janet Alison Hoskins, The Divine Eye and the Diaspora: Vietnamese Syncretism Becomes Transpacific Caodaism, Honolulu, HI, University of Hawaii Press, 2015, 308 p.

* * *

JanetAlisonHoskinsJanet Alison Hoskins is professor of anthropology and religion at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles. Her books include The Play of Time: Kodi Perspectives on History, Calendars and Exchange (1996 recipient of the Benda Prize in Southeast Asian Studies) and Biographical Objects: How Things Tell the Stories of People’s Lives (1998). She is the contributing editor of four books: Transpacific Studies: Framing an Emerging Field (with Viet Thanh Nguyen, University of Hawai‘i Press, 2014); Headhunting and the Social Imagination in Southeast Asia (1996); A Space Between Oneself and Oneself: Anthropology as a Search for the Subject (1999); and Fragments from Forests and Libraries (2001). She served as president of the Society for the Anthropology of Religion from 2011 to 2013, and has produced three ethnographic documentaries (distributed by www.DER.org), including « The Left Eye of God: Caodaism Travels from Vietnam to California” (2008). She has been a visiting researcher at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton; The Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles; the Anthropology Department, Oslo, Norway; the Southeast Asian Studies Center, Kyoto, Japan; and the Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore.