Archives par mot-clé : décès

Vietnam’s pathfinder

Hommage de l’historien K.W. Taylor (professeur en études culturelles sino-vietnamiennes au département des études asiatiques de l’Université de Cornell) à son collègue John K. Whitmore, historien du Viêt-Nam à l’Université de Michigan, récemment décédé.


John Kremers Whitmore (1940–2020) was the pioneer of Vietnamese studies in the United States, not only because of his own research and publications but equally because he trained and nurtured new generations of young scholars. In the 1960s, Vietnamese studies in the United States hardly existed. There were anti-war academics, mostly specialising in American history, with a few having expertise in some Southeast Asian country other than Vietnam. But scholars who studied Vietnam as a country and not just as a war were exceedingly rare. Only one American was devoted to the study of Vietnam on its own terms, and that was John Whitmore.

Lire la suite : Mekong Review, November 2020. URL : https://mekongreview.com/vietnams-pathfinder/


Illustration « à la une » : Dr John K. Whitmore at a Chinese–Vietnamese boundary marker in Qinzhou, Guangxi, China, 2008.
Photo: Sun Laichen

John K. Whitmore (1940–2020): In Memoriam

Un grand spécialiste de l’histoire du Viêt-Nam ancien s’en est allé. In Memoriam rédigé par son collègue et ami Victor Lieberman de l’Université de Michigan. Posté initialement sur la liste du Vietnam Studies Group.


Dr. John K. Whitmore, a renowned scholar of early Vietnamese history, an esteemed teacher, an active member of the Center for Southeast Asian studies, and a personal friend, passed away in November, 2020.

John’s research focused on Vietnamese political and cultural evolution from the eleventh through the sixteenth centuries. When he began his work, during the height of the Vietnam War, antiwar activists had popularized an image of Vietnam as an ancient, homogeneous, historically stable « nation » whose struggle against the Americans simply continued an age-old struggle for independence from China. But, without getting involved in contemporary politics, John undertook fine-grained studies of Chinese-language Vietnamese sources to chart carefully the origin and evolution of Vietnamese identity. He discovered, first, that in the early centuries of the second millennium what is now northern Vietnam was home to three principal groups — recent Chinese immigrants, older populations of mixed Chinese-indigenous origin, and upland communities speaking local Vietnamese dialects. In competitive and cooperative configurations these groups evolved and interacted, but there was no coherent Vietnamese identity on an elite level until the late fifteenth century, and on a popular level until very much later. To speak of a premodern « nation » is anachronistic. John was particularly interested in the long-term impact on Vietnamese society of Chinese and regional commercial currents. In his last years he also charted the history in what is now central Vietnam of the Cham kingdom, for which he worked out an entirely new chronology and theoretical framework.

John was a scholar’s scholar. A meticulous no-nonsense researcher, his conclusions followed wherever his primary materials led him. He was not the least reluctant to revise his own earlier interpretations in the light of new evidence; indeed he exulted in the joy of discovery. His love of research, his mastery of complex detail, his openness to new historiographic approaches, but also his uncompromising intellectual independence and disregard for fleeting fashion, were never far from the surface.

As a teacher, he was unfailingly patient, amiable, sympathetic, and encouraging. Students, although in awe of his expertise, eagerly sought him out. As a colleague, he was no less supportive. Most of what I know about early Vietnamese history I learned from John, both from his writings and from innumerable dinner conversations over many years.

We first met some 57 years ago when he was an instructor in an undergraduate course in Southeast Asian history that I took at Yale. Although our physical paths diverged not long thereafter, we remained in contact, only to find ourselves once again on the same campus, this time in Ann Arbor, in 1984. Since then we have remained in regular contact. For years we co-taught a U of M seminar on early Southeast Asia. And we saw one another on frequent social occasions. John was an unfailingly loyal and generous friend, and his passing will leave a hole in many people’s lives.

John is survived by his former wife, three sons, and six grandchildren.

Vic Lieberman

History Department, U of M.

Illustration « à la une » : bannière de son blog académique © DR

Disparition de l’ethnologue Richard Pottier (1940-2020)

[ndlr] Annonce de Vanina Bouté, codirectrice du Centre Asie du Sud-Est (UMR CNRS/EHESS 8170). Enseignante-chercheuse à l’Université de Picardie.


Nous venons d’apprendre avec tristesse la disparition, avant-hier, le 8 septembre, de Richard Pottier, ethnologue de la péninsule Indochinoise, disciple revendiqué de Georges Condominas, particulièrement connu pour ses recherches sur les pratiques thérapeutiques au Laos et sur la mythologie thaïe.

Il est l’auteur de nombreux articles et ouvrages, parmi lesquels : Les réfugiés originaires de l’Asie du Sud-Est (avec G. Condominas), La Documentation française, 1983; Santé et société au Laos, 1973-1978, Scripta, 2004; Yû dî mî hèng. Essai sur les pratiques thérapeutiques lao, Ecole française d’Extrême-Orient, 2007; Anthropologie du mythe, Editions Kimé, 1994; « Asie du Sud-Est » in Encyclopédie philosophique universelle, T. IV, 1998; Anthropologie du mythe 2. Ancêtres et fondateurs de dynastie dans la mythologie Lao, Éditions Kimé, 2012.

Richard Pottier était professeur émérite en anthropologie à l’université Paris-Descartes, où il a dirigé de nombreuses thèses, membre de l’unité mixte « Langues, musique et société », et ancien membre permanent du CEDRASEMI. Il a siégé au Comité national (CNRS) et a présidé durant plusieurs années la section 20 (ethnologie) du CNU.

Vanina Bouté, 10/09/2020.

Retrouvez Richard Pottier dans un entretien sur Canal U en 2007 : ANTHROPOLOGIE DE LA MALADIE ET DU MYTHE AU LAOS ET EN ASIE DU SUD-EST

Tran Ngoc Chau, Vietnamese counterinsurgency specialist, dies at 96 of coronavirus complications

[ndlr]  Parution dans le Washington Post (accès limité depuis l’Europe) d’un article biographique intéressant de Harrison Smith sur Tran Ngoc Chau un personnage dont le destin est intimement lié à la déchirure nationale vietnamienne et qui a défrayé la chronique au Sud Viêt-Nam dans les années 1969-1970.

Tran Ngoc Chau, a Vietnamese soldier and politician who battled French colonial forces and later the communist Viet Cong, emerging as an influential American ally before being imprisoned in Saigon on treason charges, died June 17 at a hospital in the West Hills section of Los Angeles. He was 96.

His daughter Tamminh Tran Kapuscinska said the cause was complications from covid-19, the disease caused by the novel coronavirus.

Mr. Chau was part of a dwindling group of Vietnamese whose lives were dominated by three decades of conflict, including the resistance against Japanese occupation during World War II, the battle for independence against colonial France and the war that followed the country’s 1954 partition, which pitted the communist North against the U.S.-backed South.

Lire la suite / Read more : The Washington Post, 10/07/2020.

Image « à la une » : Tran Ngoc Chau dans les années cinquante à l’académie militaire de Dalat © DR

Décès du général Lê Minh Dao (1933-2020)

[ndlr] Un des derniers généraux de la République du Viêt-Nam est décédé aux États-Unis à l’âge de 87 ans.

Héros de la bataille de Xuân Lôc en 1975, prisonnier en camp de rééducation pendant 17 ans après la chute de Saigon, il était revenu sur cette expérience carcérale dans un entretien à la BBC, programme vietnamien, il y a cinq ans.

Pour en savoir plus :

Mai Phi Long/Người Việt, « Thiếu Tướng Lê Minh Đảo, cựu tư lệnh SĐ 18 BB, qua đời ở tuổi 87 », Người Việt, 19/03/2020. Thiếu Tướng Lê Minh Đảo, cựu tư lệnh Sư Đoàn 18 Bộ Binh QLVNCH, vừa qua đời tại bệnh viện Hartford, Connecticut, lúc 1 giờ 45 phút chiều (giờ địa phương) hôm Thứ Năm, 19 Tháng Ba, hưởng thọ 87 tuổi.

Thiếu Tướng Lê Minh Đảo, Nguyên Tư Lệnh Sư Đoàn 18 Bộ Binh Từ Trần Tại Connecticut Hưởng Thọ 87 Tuổi, Việt Báo, 19/03/2020. Theo thông báo của Gia Đình Sư Đoàn 18 Bộ Binh, Thiếu Tướng Lê Minh Đảo, Nguyên Tư Lệnh Sư Đoàn 18 Bộ Binh của Quân Lực  VNCH đã từ trần tại tiểu bang Connecticut, Hoa Kỳ, vào lúc 1 giờ 45 phút chiều ngày 19 tháng 3 năm 2020, hưởng thọ 87 tuổi.

Illustration « à la une » : Thiếu Tướng Lê Minh Đảo trong lần tham dự hội ngộ Sư Đoàn 18 ở Little Saigon năm 2015. © Văn Lan/Người Việt.

Cảnh sát Anh: ’39 nạn nhân là người Việt Nam’ [BBC]

[ndlr] Pour suivre l’actualité sur les 39 victimes vietnamiennes du camion frigorifié de Londres, le programme vietnamien de la BBC a ouvert une page spéciale « En direct ».

Lien : https://www.bbc.com/vietnamese/live/vietnam-50221355

Illustration « à la une » : Autel familial dressé la mémoire de Phạm Thị Trà My (26 ans), district de Can Lộc, province de Hà Tĩnh, 26/10/2019. © AFP

Phan Huy Đường (1945-2019) – écrivain, penseur et traducteur

Un des plus importants traducteurs de la littérature contemporaine vietnamienne s’est éteint à Paris le 4 octobre 2019 à l’âge de 74 ans. Né à Hanoi en 1945, il travaillait en France depuis 1963.

Responsable de la collection « Vietnam » chez Philippe Picquier, Phan Huy Duong a transmis à une génération de lecteurs férus de littérature vietnamienne les principaux grands titres de la littérature du Renouveau. Il était aussi un écrivain penseur auteur du recueil de nouvelles Un amour métèque en 1994 chez L’Harmattan, d’un essai philosophique Penser librement (Éditions Chronique Sociale, 2000) et de plusieurs essais en langue vietnamienne publiés aux États-Unis ou au Viêt-Nam.

Liste des romans et nouvelles vietnamiens traduits par Phan Huy Duong aux éditions des Femmes et chez Philippe Picquier pendant une quinzaine d’années (d’après la liste établie par Nguyễn Tùng) :

Phạm Thị Hoài, La messagère de cristal (Thiên sứ), Paris, Éditions des Femmes, 1990.

Dương Thu Hương, Les paradis aveugles (Những thiên đường mù, tiểu thuyết), Paris, Éditions des Femmes, 1991.

Dương Thu Hương, Roman sans titre (Tiểu thuyết vô đề, tiểu thuyết), Paris, Éditions d-es Femmes, 1992.

[Recueil de nouvelles, 15 auteurs] Terre des éphémères (Đảo của những người ngụ cư, tập truyện ngắn, 15 tác giả), Arles, Éditions Philippe Picquier, 1994.

Bảo Ninh, Le chagrin de la guerre (Nỗi buồn chiến tranh, tiểu thuyết), Arles, Éditions Philippe Picquier, 1994.

[Recueil de nouvelles, 11 auteurs] En traversant le fleuve (Qua sông, tập truyện ngắn, 11 tác giả), Arles, Éditions Philippe Picquier, 1996.

Dương Thu Hương, Au-delà des illusions (Bên kia bờ ảo vọng, tiểu thuyết), Arles, Éditions Philippe Picquier, 1996.

Khánh Trường, Est-ce que tu m’aimes ? (Có yêu anh không ?, tập truyện ngắn), Arles, Éditions Philippe Picquier, 1997. Traduit avec Sean James Rose.

Bùi Minh Quốc, En un instant, une vie (Một lúc, một đời), nouvelles, Arles, Éditions Philippe Picquier, 1997.

Trần Vũ, Sous une pluie d’épines (Mùa mưa gai sắc, tập truyện ngắn), Paris, Flammarion, 1998.

Dương Thu Hương, Myosotis (Lưu ly, tiểu thuyết), Arles, Éditions Philippe Picquier, 1998.

Nhật Tuấn, Retour à la jungle (Đi về nơi hoang dã, tiểu thuyết), Arles, Éditions Philippe Picquier, 2002. Traduit avec Đặng Trần Phương.

Dương Thu Hương, Terre des oublis (Chốn vắng, tiểu thuyết), Paris, Sabine Wespeiser, 2006. Grand prix des lectrices de Elle 2007.

Sur le site Dien Dan – Forum ses amis lui rendent hommage :

FG, 21/10/2019. MàJ 22/10/2019.

Voir aussi notre article sur un sujet connexe : Les trois vagues de la littérature vietnamienne contemporaine traduite en français (27/09/2017)