Archives par mot-clé : chute de Saigon

Oanh Ngo Usadi : I saw and heard Saigon falling, 43 years ago today

[ndlr] La chute de Saigon dans la mémoire d’une famille exilée.

After three decades of bloodshed, Vietnam’s civil war abruptly ended 43 years ago today, on April 30, 1975. The events surrounding this date are seared into the minds of every Vietnamese person of a certain age.

I was not yet four years old, but these are some of my earliest memories. There was no longer a North and South Vietnam divided at the 17th parallel, only the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

Days before, the radio inside our house in Saigon had been ticking off provinces that had fallen into North Vietnamese hands: some of them the hometowns of my relatives. As rumors of gory revenge preceded the communists’ advance, thousands of people abandoned their homes and fled to any place that was still free. Many, including my aunts, with husbands away fighting in the South Vietnamese Army, ended up at our house.

The presence of so many visitors had the feel of Tet, the Vietnamese New Year. But for this reunion, the mood was far from celebratory. I recall hearing the word hoa binh, meaning peace, sprinkled in conversations. My father explained that it meant the end of fighting and soldiers on both sides could go home. “For you, there would be no more hiding under the counters and staircases,” he said to me.

Lire la suite : Washington Examiner, 30/04/2018.

Commémoration du 30 avril 1975(« Black April ») en Californie :

 

« L’esprit de la République du Viêt-Nam est éternel » [30/04/2016]

L’image du jour :

41nam_QH2016Appel à manifester pour le 41e anniversaire de la chute de Saigon, « Jour de ressentiment national » (Quc Hn). Offrande du drapeau entre deux jeunes femmes : l’affiche indique au centre « L’esprit de la République du Viêt-Nam est éternel ».

Source : Tin Paris

Minh Uong : How I Escaped Vietnam [NYT]

[ndlr] Témoignage de l’artiste Minh Uong dans le New York Times.

How I Escaped Vietnam

A family vacation revives thoughts about fleeing South Vietnam as a child.

The images accompanying this article are a combination of drawings from memory and the new artwork based on our recent trip back to my homeland.

This year, my wife suggested that we take a family vacation to Vietnam. Our daughters are growing up — Lein was 19 years old and Tai was 16, and she pointed out that they won’t want to be dragged along with their parents much longer. Plus, she said. “We’re not getting any younger.”

Still, I thought she was crazy. I know a lot of Westerners are discovering Vietnam (“world-class cuisine,” “breathtaking natural beauty” and “Asia’s most resilient peoples” are a few descriptions you will find on travel sites), but it wasn’t at the top of my list as a vacation destination. Maybe that’s because I was born there. It has been more than 40 years since I left and, to this day, I still feel some trepidation at the sound of exploding fireworks. To me, they reverberate vividly in my memory like those turbulent last days of the war.

It was April 30, 1975, and Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, was under siege. I was 10, the youngest of eight children. I was living with my parents and four of my siblings in a one-room house. The Vietcong were making their way toward the capitol building. The sound of bombs exploded nearby. My parents, hoping to get us away from the chaos, told my brothers and sister to get on our bikes and ride away. When things calmed down, they said, we should come back.

It was the last time I would see them for 14 years.

Lire la suite : The New York Times, 16/12/2015.

Image « à la une » : © 2015 Minh Uong/The New York Times

Cái Chết Đầy Bí Ẩn Của Thiếu Tướng Nguyễn Văn Hiếu [Viet Bao]

[ndlr] Article tentant d’éclaircir les hypothèses concernant la mort du général Nguyễn Văn Hiếu le 8 avril 1975 : accident, suicide ou assassinat ? Enquête de son frère Nguyễn Văn Tín, article de Trúc Giang.

1* Mở bài

Ai giết Thiếu Tướng Nguyễn Văn Hiếu? Tướng Hiếu chết vì tai nạn hay bị mưu sát?.

Suốt gần 40 năm qua những câu hỏi nầy chưa có câu trả lời xác đáng.

Ngày 8-4-1975, Thiếu Tướng Nguyễn Văn Hiếu, Tư Lịnh Phó Quân Đoàn III được tìm thấy đã chết tại phòng làm việc trong Bộ Tư Lịnh Quân Đoàn, Biên Hòa. Chết do bị một viên đạn bắn vào càm.

Tướng Hiếu được biết đến như là một tướng lãnh tài ba và thanh liêm cho nên cái chết của ông được nhiều người quan tâm theo dõi. Thông báo chính thức cho biết Tướng Hiếu chết vì tai nạn, súng bị cướp cò trong khi lau chùi. Tuy nhiên không có hình ảnh hoặc nhân chứng nào tận mắt nhìn thấy cái chết của Tướng Hiếu cả. Vì thế, lý do chết vì tai nạn không thuyết phục.

Vì thế nhiều câu hỏi được đặt ra là: Vì sao chết?, Nguyên nhân nào đưa đến cái chết? Ai giết Tướng Hiếu?

Để trả lời những câu hỏi đó, nhiều suy đoán và giả thuyết được đưa ra, nhưng không có chứng cớ nào vững chắc, đáng tin cậy được cả.

TuongNguyenVanHieu

Lire la suite : Viet Bao, 03/03/2015.

Réf. Trúc Giang, « Cái Chết Đầy Bí Ẩn Của Thiếu Tướng Nguyễn Văn Hiếu », Việt Báo, 03/03/2015 (Minnesota ngày 02-03-2015).

La réponse du Président Nguyen Van Thieu au sujet de la mort du général Hieu (interview de 1990).

Last Days in Vietnam [sortie officielle en avril 2015]

[ndlr] Message du VSG. Diffusion exclusive jusqu’à demain 7/02/2015 du film documentaire de Rory Kennedy sur la fin de la guerre du Viêt Nam. Malheureusement non accessible depuis la France, la Thailande ou le Viêt Nam. Cliquez sur l’image pour accéder au site.

LastDaysInVietnam

PBS, the US public TV network, has just posted Rory Kennedy’s widely praised documentary film, Last Days in Vietnam.  It can be viewed/streamed in full at the link below, but just from February 5-7.

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/lastdays/

The film will be broadcast by PBS for the first time at 9pm on April 28.

In April of 1975, the North Vietnamese Army was closing in on Saigon as South Vietnamese resistance was crumbling. Approximately 5,000 Americans remained with roughly 24 hours to get out. Their South Vietnamese allies, co-workers, and friends faced certain imprisonment and possible death if they remained behind, yet there was no official evacuation plan in place. Still, over the last days in Vietnam, with the clock ticking and the city under fire, 135,000 South Vietnamese managed to escape with help from a number of heroic Americans who took matters into their own hands, engaging in unsanctioned and often makeshift operations in a desperate effort to save as many people as possible.

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Voir aussi les autres extraits suivants :

News footage shows the panic permeating South Vietnam leading up to the Fall of Saigon in April, 1975.

Col. Stuart Herrington recounts helping groups of South Vietnamese escape during the final days before the fall of Saigon.

South Vietnamese veteran Dam Pham and U.S. Army veteran Stuart Herrington describe the chaos at the U.S. Embassy during the final days of Saigon in April, 1975.

Kiem Do, a colonel in the South Vietnamese Navy, remembers the solemn flag-lowering ceremony aboard the U.S.S. Kirk after the fall of Saigon.

Miki Nguyen tells the story of the day his family left Vietnam.

With so many South Vietnamese helicopters landing on the USS Kirk, the crew had no other option than to dump the helicopters overboard once they’d unloaded their passengers.

Journalist Jim Laurie recalls the looting that took place after the last U.S. helicopters left the American Embassy in Saigon in April, 1975.

As North Vietnamese tanks rolled into Saigon, eleven U.S. Marines found themselves on the roof of the American Embassy with no U.S. helicopters in sight.

After the Fall of Saigon, Dam Pham and other South Vietnamese soldiers wondered what fate awaited them.

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Possibilité de voir le film sous-titré en vietnamien sur YouTube à l’adresse suivante :

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HBJaDLx-ULY