Archives par mot-clé : assassinat

Time for justice in the killing of Vietnamese-American journalists [CPJ]

[ndlr] Conférence de presse du CPJ (Committee to Protect Journalists) à Washington sur les assassinats non résolus de cinq journalistes vietnamiens aux États-Unis entre 1981 et 1990. Demande de réouverture de l’enquête.

Silenced_CPJ1994New York, May 27, 2016

The Committee to Protect Journalists will call for the cases of five Vietnamese-American journalists who were killed between 1981 and 1990 to be reopened, based on information uncovered by ProPublica and Frontline. The suspected assassinations were the subject of CPJ’s 1994 report, « Silenced, The Unsolved Murders of Immigrant Journalists in the United States. »

CPJ will hold a press conference at the National Press Club in Washington, D.C., on June 1, to call for a new investigation. CPJ Executive Director Joel Simon, CPJ Program Director and Americas Senior Program Coordinator Carlos Lauría, and Tu Nguyen, the son of Nguyen Dam Phong, a publisher and reporter murdered in 1982, will speak at the event. A.C. Thompson, who examined the killings in « Terror in Little Saigon, » a ProPublica/Frontline documentary and Web series, will speak about his reporting. CPJ sent a letter to the Department of Justice calling for action to end impunity in the cases.

WHAT: Press conference on the unsolved murders of five Vietnamese-American journalists.

WHEN: June 1, 2016, noon to 1 P.M.

WHERE: Zenger Room

National Press Club

529 14th Street NW

Washington, DC 20045

Source : CPJ

Nguyễn Thị Thanh Tín (1984-2015)

[ndlr] Victime du terrorisme à San Bernardino, Californie.

Chưa kịp mặc áo cưới đã trở thành nạn nhân

NguyenThiThanhTin_1984-2015

Trong số 14 nạn nhân bị bắn chết trong vụ thảm sát ở Trung Tâm Xã Hội Inland Regional Center tại thành phố San Bernardino, California (nằm cách Los Angeles khoảng 90 cây số, cách khu Little Saigon của người Việt Nam khoảng 65 cây số), hôm Thứ Tư, 2 tháng 12, có một người Việt Nam.

Ðó là cô Nguyễn Thị Thanh Tín, sinh ngày 6 tháng 4 năm 1984, nhân viên làm việc cho cơ quan kiểm soát an toàn thực phẩm của Sở Y Tế San Bernardino, đồng nghiệp của nghi can Syed Farook, người đã nã súng vào các đồng nghiệp mình, và sau đó bị cảnh sát bắn chết trong cuộc rượt đuổi.

Theo gia đình cho biết, Thanh Tín sang Mỹ lúc 8 tuổi, tốt nghiệp trung học Valley High School ở Santa Ana, tốt nghiệp cử nhân khoa học sức khỏe tại đại học Cal State Fullerton. Cô vừa cùng vị hôn phu của mình thử áo cưới trước đó không lâu để chuẩn bị cho một đám cưới dự trù tổ chức vào năm tới.

Lire la suite : RFA, 04/12/2015.

The Lost Mandate of Heaven: The American Betrayal of Ngo Dinh Diem, President of Vietnam

[ndlr] Le 1er novembre 1963, un coup d’État militaire renversait le Président Ngo Dinh Diem. Il fut assassiné à Cholon le jour suivant avec son frère Nhu. La Première République du Viêt-Nam s’éteignait (1955-1963) débouchant sur trois années de chaos politique.

Parution le 23 novembre 2015. Une nouvelle étude sur Ngo Dinh Diem sous forme de réhabilitation. Présentation des éditions catholiques Ignatius Press.

Ngo Dinh Diem, the first president of the Republic of Vietnam, possessed the Confucian « Mandate of Heaven », a moral and political authority that was widely recognized by all Vietnamese. This devout Roman Catholic leader never lost this mandate in the eyes of his people; rather, he was taken down by a military coup sponsored by the U.S. government, which resulted in his brutal murder.

The-Lost-Mandate-of-HeavenThe commonly held view runs contrary to the above assertion by military historian Geoffrey Shaw. According to many American historians, President Diem was a corrupt leader whose tyrannical actions lost him the loyalty of his people and the possibility of a military victory over the North Vietnamese. The Kennedy Administration, they argue, had to withdraw its support of Diem.

Based on his research of original sources, including declassified documents of the U.S. government, Shaw chronicles the Kennedy administration’s betrayal of this ally, which proved to be not only a moral failure but also a political disaster that led America into a protracted and costly war. Along the way, Shaw reveals a President Diem very different from the despot portrayed by the press during its coverage of Vietnam. From eyewitness accounts of military, intelligence, and diplomatic sources, Shaw draws the portrait of a man with rare integrity, a patriot who strove to free his country from Western colonialism while protecting it from Communism.

« A candid account of the killing of Ngo Dinh Diem, the reasons for it, who was responsible, why it happened, and the disastrous results. Particularly agonizing for Americans who read this clearly stated and tightly argued book is the fact that the final Vietnam defeat was not really on battle grounds, but on political and moral grounds. The Vietnam War need not have been lost. Overwhelming evidence supports it. »
From the Foreword by James V. Schall, S.J., Professor Emeritus, Georgetown University

« Did I find a veritable Conradian ‘Heart of Darkness’? Yes, I did, but it was not in the quarter to which all popular American sources were pointing their accusatory fingers; in other words, not in Saigon but, paradoxically, within the Department of State back in Washington, D.C., and within President Kennedy’s closest White House advisory circle. The actions of these men led to Diem’s murder. And with his death, nine and a half years of careful work and partnership between the United States and South Vietnam was undone. »
Geoffrey Shaw, from the Preface

Geoffrey Shaw, Ph.D., received his doctorate in history from the University of Manitoba, with a focus on US diplomatic and military history in Southeast Asia. From 1994 to 2008 he was an Assistant Professor of History for the American Military University. He has written and spoken widely about US military involvement in Vietnam and the Middle East. Currently he is the President of the Alexandrian Defense Group, a think tank on counterinsurgency warfare.

Source : Ignatius

Phim ‘Terror in Little Saigon’: Con trai Ðạm Phong lên tiếng

[ndlr] Intervenant dans le débat sur le documentaire « Terror in Little Saigon », Nguyễn Thanh Tú, un des fils du journaliste Ðạm Phong, s’exprime dans le journal californien Nguoi Viet. Lettre et entretien à l’appui pour faire surgir la vérité.

DamPhong_NguyenThanhTu_NguoiViet
Nguyễn Thanh Tú, un des fils du journaliste Nguyễn Ðạm Phong. Il avait 19 ans lors de l’assassinat de son père © 2015 Edmund D. Fountain/ProPublica

“Tên tôi là Nguyễn Thanh Tú. Tôi là một nhân vật trong phim Terror in Little Saigon. Mặt Trận cứ việc tha hồ phủ nhận rằng không hề biết có đơn vị K9. Tôi có thể nói với quý vị rằng gia đình tôi ngày nào cũng liên tiếp phải nhận những lời hăm dọa từ Mặt Trận…

…Cha tôi, Nguyễn Ðạm Phong, đã dành số báo Tự Do cuối cùng của ông để phơi bày sự gian lận của các lãnh đạo Mặt Trận. Ðiều trớ trêu là, nhiều người quay lưng với cảnh sát của thành phố Houston, và cơ quan FBI khi cha tôi bị ám sát vào năm 1982, rất có thể giờ đây đồng ý là quan điểm của bố tôi đúng. Vấn đề là, ông đã đúng, nhưng ông đi trước mọi người những 33 năm. Tôi là nhân chứng cho “sự thực” còn sống, chứ không phải những lời đồn đãi. Tôi từng tham dự những buổi gặp gỡ thành viên Mặt Trận với bố tôi và chứng kiến những chiến thuật họ sử dụng, từ mua chuộc đến hăm dọa.”

(Hết thư)

Lire la suite : Nguoi Viet, 11/11/2015.

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Lire les autres entretiens sur cette affaire :

« Terror in Little Saigon » : Frontline / PBS – 3/11/2015

[ndlr] Annonce de la diffusion le 3 novembre 2015 sur la chaîne PBS d’un reportage d’investigation sur la communauté vietnamienne exilée de Californie à l’époque du développement de la résistance anticommuniste du Front National de Libération du Viêt-Nam dit Front Hoang Co Minh.

Frontline and ProPublica team up to investigate a wave of terror that targeted Vietnamese-American journalists. Uncovering a trail that leads from American cities to jungles in Southeast Asia, Frontline and ProPublica shine new light on a series of unsolved murders and attacks.

Between 1981 and 1990, five Vietnamese-American journalists in cities across the U.S. were murdered, and many others in the community were intimidated and attacked.

Who was responsible for this reign of terror — and why has that question gone unanswered for so long?

On November 3, FRONTLINE and ProPublica will unveil Terror in Little Saigon, a multiplatform investigation that reopens a domestic terrorism case that has gone unsolved for decades.

« From the Houston, Texas editor who was shot to death in his home — his paper was called Freedom — to the Orange County, California publisher who was killed inside his office in an arson attack, we wanted to look into these brutal murders and find answers, » says correspondent A.C. Thompson (Life and Death in Assisted Living, Law & Disorder), who spent two years digging into the case alongside director/producer Rick Rowley (Dirty Wars, Zapatista).

For the most part, the murders were overlooked by the mainstream press, and the victims have been forgotten.

« Typically, violent attacks on journalists spark public outrage and calls for answers, » Rowley says. « But no one was ever held accountable for the murders of these Vietnamese-American journalists. »

Drawing on thousands of pages of documents — including newly declassified FBI files as well as police records, CIA cables and immigration files — FRONTLINE and ProPublica tracked down the victims’ families, former law enforcement agents, and Vietnamese Americans across the country to shed new light on these cold cases.

The murdered journalists all worked for small-circulation Vietnamese-language publications serving the refugee population that had sought shelter in the U.S. after the fall of Saigon in 1975. And as FRONTLINE and ProPublica’s investigation found, there was another common thread: many of those publications had criticized a prominent, anti-Communist organization called the National United Front for the Liberation of Vietnam — or, « The Front » — whose ultimate goal was to restart the Vietnam War.

In Terror in Little Saigon, FRONTLINE and ProPublica uncover a trail of terror that leads from U.S. cities like Houston and San Francisco to the jungles of Southeast Asia. The investigative team tracked down former members of the Front, confirmed that the group had operated a secret assassination squad in the U.S., and uncovered new, potentially connected murder cases overseas.

A gripping new chapter in a long-dormant case, Terror in Little Saigon airs Tuesday, November 3 at 10/9c on PBS (check local listings) and will stream in full, for free, online at pbs.org/frontline. ProPublica’s major text story will be available that same day at propublica.org and at pbs.org/frontline.

Bouddhisme Hòa Hảo : 66e anniversaire de la disparition de Huỳnh Phú Sổ

DucHuynh1Le fondateur du Bouddhisme Hòa Hảo (PGHH), Huỳnh Phú Sổ (1920-1947) a disparu le 25 février du calendrier lunaire en 1947 (16 avril 1947) dans des circonstances jamais totalement élucidées. Lors de cette année tragique, le combat entre disciples Hoa Hao et partisans du Viêt-Minh avait atteint des sommets de violence comme nous l’avons rappelé dans un article analysant un massacre de civils au début de la guerre d’Indochine [1]. Huynh Phu So, jeune chef religieux au fort charisme, fut vraisemblablement attiré dans un guet-apens puis assassiné par le Viêt-Minh après avoir été condamné à mort par un tribunal populaire local. Le démembrement de son corps et sa dispersion furent également ordonnés pour empêcher ce personnage aux pouvoirs que l’on pensait « magiques » de refaire surface [2].

Depuis, la date anniversaire de cette tragique disparition est soigneusement célébrée par les fidèles de ce bouddhisme sans clergé. Mais aujourd’hui comme pour le bouddhisme traditionnel, le bouddhisme Hoa Hoa présente un visage à deux têtes : l’un étant celui de l’association officielle autorisée tardivement en 1999 et l’autre celui du Bouddhisme Hoa Hao dit « pur » et qui se veut authentique par rapport à l’organisation officielle [3]. Cette branche authentique, hors-la-loi selon les autorités, perpétue l’anniversaire de la mort du maître. Rappelons que la communauté comprenait près d’un million et demi de fidèles en 2009.

Malgré les entraves à la liberté de circulation et une surveillance policière accrue, le 5 avril 2013 (journée correspondant au 25 février du calendrier lunaire),  les représentants du bouddhisme Hoa Hao authentique ont organisé plusieurs célébrations dans des habitations privées en ville à Can Tho ou à Saigon et dans certains districts ruraux du delta du Mékong (district de Binh Minh à Vinh Long, district de Cho Moi à An Giang, de Lai Vung à Dong Thap) [4]. A Saigon même, une délégation composée d’autres confessions religieuses s’est rassemblée pour participer à la cérémonie des offrandes. Lors de cette occasion rare, le vénérable Le Quang Liem, chef du bouddhisme Hoa Hao dissident, a remis un message de communion pour partager la signification de Pâques à l’attention du cardinal archevêque de Saigon, Mgr Jean-Baptiste Pham Minh Man, de la Conférence épiscopale du Viêt Nam [5]. Début mars, cette église bouddhique dissidente s’était prononcée en faveur d’un référendum sur la question de la refonte de la Constitution de 1992, « pour une constitution libre et démocratique »[6].

FG, 06/04/2013

Notes

[1] François Guillemot, « Autopsy of a Massacre On a Political Purge in the Early Days of the Indochina War (Nam Bo 1947)« , EJEAS, Vol. 9, Number 2, 2010 , pp. 225-265. (pdf sur le site de Viet Studies)

[2] id., p. 256, notes 119 et 120.

[3] Voir Pascal Bourdeaux, « Réflexions sur l’institutionnalisation du bouddhisme Hoa Hao. Remise en perspective historique de la reconnaissance de 1999 », Social Compass, September 2010, vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 372-385.

[4] VRNs, Tổ chức Đại lễ kỷ niệm lần 66 ngày Đức HGC thọ nạn của PGHH Thuần Túy, An Giang – Về Đại Lễ 25/2 Âm lịch (2013) Kỷ Niệm ngày Đức Huỳnh Giáo Chủ thọ nạn, 06/04/2013.

[5] id.

[6] VRNs, Phật giáo Hòa Hảo thuần túy: Nhà cầm quyền cần trưng cầu dân ý về xây dựng Hiến pháp tự do, 09/03/2013.

Pour en savoir plus :

Pascal Bourdeaux, « Réflexions sur l’institutionnalisation du bouddhisme Hoa Hao. Remise en perspective historique de la reconnaissance de 1999 ». Social Compass, September 2010, vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 372-385

Hoa Hao Buddhism celebrated its 60th anniversary in 1999. More than a million of its followers then came to its holy place (thanh dia), the native village of its founder, Huynh Phú So. This event, one of the most important pilgrimages that Vietnam has welcomed in recent decades, proved the vitality of a religious practice that had been obliged to express itself in a strictly private and individual way for a quarter of a century. It also set the seal on the conditional legal recognition of this at once local (the Western part of the Mekong delta) and transnational (Vietnamese overseas communities) religious movement as one of the country’s six established religions. This historical and historiographical review aims to emphasize the importance of collective memory and to clarify the implications of the religious regulation that, since 1999, has been redefining the institutionalization of Hoa Hao Buddhism and the social role of its followers.

Source : Social Compass

  • Sur l’histoire du bouddhisme Hoa Hao voir la thèse de Pascal Bourdeaux : Émergence et constitution de la communauté du Bouddhisme Hoa Hao : contribution à l’histoire sociale du delta du Mékong (1935-1955). Fiche Sudoc.

Fiche sur Huynh Phu So et le bouddhisme Hoa Hao dans le Dictionnaire en ligne de la Guerre d’Indochine de Christopher Goscha :

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 Photos PGHH Texas, Viet Tan, VRNs et Wikipedia