[ndlr] Signalement d’une analyse de Le Hong Hiep (ISEAS) sur les nouvelles perspectives américano-vietnamiennes.
• The milestone visit by US President Barrack Obama to Vietnam on 22-25 June 2016 gave immediate and important results.
• Most noteworthy was the decision by the US to fully lift its long-standing lethal arms embargo on Vietnam. Other significant outcomes include Vietjet’s contract to buy 100 aircraft from Boeing; Vietnam’s granting of a license for the establishment of the US-funded Fulbright University Vietnam; and Vietnam’s formal permission for the US Peace Corps to operate in the country.
• The military impact of the lifting of the embargo is limited, however, as Vietnam is unlikely to enter into any major arms deal with the US any time soon. For now, instead of importing US weapons, Hanoi will probably focus on acquiring US military equipment to enhance its maritime capabilities.
• However, the indication of a stronger rapprochement between the two countries, tending towards a de facto security partnership, has political and strategic implications that are more important than military ones.
• This should worry China more than the arms that Vietnam may purchase from the US after the ban is removed.
• The lifting of the ban will have minimal military impact on other ASEAN member states, however, and the deepened relationship between Hanoi and Washington can be expected to either add momentum to the strengthening of US-ASEAN ties or further polarize ASEAN countries, especially if Beijing responds by expanding its strategic influence over some of them.
Source : ISEAS Perspective