[ndlr] Article intéressant de John Boudreau et K. Oanh Ha. Un tableau concis de la discrimination sociale et politique en RSVN et du secteur politico-économique étatique concentré dans le nord du pays (données de 2010).
Families who were allied with U.S. barred from Communist Party
As a graduate from one of Vietnam’s most prestigious schools, 22-year-old Cao would seem to have a bright future ahead of him — if only the past would get out of the way. He’s found his career prospects hemmed in by the lingering legacy of a war that ended nearly two decades before he was born.
Two of his uncles served in the defeated South Vietnam military that was allied with the United States during what’s known locally as the “anti-American war.” After the country was unified under the Communist Party of Vietnam, his mother was denied admission to a university because of her brothers’ ties to the southern regime. Even as Vietnam relaxes old regulations that punished those associated with the former Republic of Vietnam, many in the south believe the system still favors those with Communist ties.
Cao didn’t even bother applying to Vietnam’s state-controlled companies that offer employment security, bonus payments and increased job opportunities for family members. “To be able to get jobs in the state system, one must have parents or relatives working there, so those are not accessible for normal people like us,” said Cao, a graduate of the Ho Chi Minh City Foreign Trade University.
Discussing one’s ties to the old Saigon government is a sensitive topic and Cao asked to use only his last name. In the end, he found work at a private real estate company. “If state-owned companies care about my family background, I am sure I would fail,” he said.
Lire la suite : Bloomberg, 23/12/2015.