Archives par mot-clé : Viêt-Nam

Séminaire “Mémoires d’Indochine” 2015 : Séance 1

Année universitaire 2015-2016 / Master Asie Orientale Contemporaine (ASIOC) / Semestre 1

 

Mémoires d’Indochine :

La décolonisation et la guerre vécues par les populations du Viêt-Nam, du Laos et du Cambodge

MémoiresIndochine_2015_vintage

Séance 1 : mardi 29 septembre 2015

Mémoires de l’engagement révolutionnaire et de la lutte pour l’indépendance

En préambule de cette séance, nous aborderons la question de la constitution du corpus mobilisé pour le séminaire, des biais qu’il peut contenir et du débat qu’il a suscité au sein de la communauté vietnamienne et des chercheurs.

Dans toute la péninsule indochinoise, le processus révolutionnaire est né de la colonisation et s’est imposé face à l’inertie et la brutalité du pouvoir colonial. Quels étaient les motivations de ceux qui ont choisi l’engagement révolutionnaire ? Quelles étaient les pratiques et les approches révolutionnaires ? Quelles étaient les voies qui s’offraient pour accéder à l’indépendance ? Nous interrogerons le parcours d’un mineur, d’un musicien renommé, d’une résistante sudiste communiste et du fondateur de la République Démocratique du Viêt-Nam (RDVN). Nous analyserons les discours, les gestes, les contextes historiques, les constructions du dialogue et les situations données.

Sources orales à discuter :

CaoXuanNghia_OpenVault_1981[date : 9 mars 1981, durée : 13:19, texte traduit en regard]

PhamDuy_1982_OpenVault[date : 11 juin 1982, durée : 14:42, texte traduit en regard]

NguyenThiDinh_1981_OpenVault[date : 16 février 1981, à visionner jusqu’à 13:38, texte traduit en regard]

* * *

Deuxième partie du séminaire : retour sur l’itinéraire politique d’Ho Chi Minh

HoChiMinh_PortraitPolitique[Le cheminement politique d’Ho Chi Minh présenté par l’intellectuel communiste Nguyen Khac Vien, entretien en français, à visionner jusqu’à la minute 08:00 – Retranscription de cette partie de l’entretien]

Pour en savoir plus :

  • Brocheux, Pierre, Ho Chi Minh, Paris, Presses de Sciences Po, Références facettes, 2000.
  • Hémery, Daniel, Ho Chi Minh, de l’Indochine au Vietnam, Paris, Découvertes / Gallimard, 1990.
  • Nguyen The Anh, “Du rêve mandarinal au chemin de la révolution : Hô Chi Minh et l’Ecole coloniale”, in Nguyen The Anh, Parcours d’un historien du Viêt Nam, Paris, Les Indes savantes, 2008, pp. 496-502.

Voir aussi sur Mémoires d’Indochine :

Autres liens :

MémoiresIndochine_2015_Séance1

Frictions and Fictions – Intercultural encounters and frontier imaginaries in upland Southeast Asia [parution]

[ndlr] Parution d’un numéro spécial de la revue The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology consacré aux régions montagneuses de l’Asie du Sud-Est. Contributions de : Oliver Tappe, Bradley Camp Davis, Jean Michaud, Oscar Salemink, Pierre Petit, Patrick Guiness.

untitled

Résumé de l’introduction d’Oliver Tappe :

The culturally heterogeneous uplands of Southeast Asia constitute a zone of encounters and relations across cultural difference. The Introduction to this Special Issue lays out key themes that encompass the questions addressed by the individual essays. Moreover, it discusses concepts—such as frontier and friction—that inform some of the case studies presented in this issue. The combination of historical and anthropological approaches is aimed at exploring the complex social, political and cultural configurations in upland Southeast Asia.

Pour en savoir plus : The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology

Ta Phong Tan, libérée mais “expulsée” aux États-Unis

[ndlr] A lire sur le carnet de recherche Femmes et Guerres au Viêt-Nam.

Les médias concernés par la protection des journalistes et des droits de l’homme ont annoncé la bonne nouvelle hier. La célèbre blogueuse dissidente Ta Phong Tan, ancienne policière, a finalement été libérée  après trois ans d’enfermement et une grève de la faim éprouvante.

Lire la suite : https://guerillera.hypotheses.org/1764

Migrants: retour sur l’épisode tragique des boat-people vietnamiens [RTS]

[nldr] Rapide évocation de l’histoire des boat people vietnamiens dans le contexte de la crise des réfugiés d’aujourd’hui. Émission Forum sur RTS (Radio Télévision Suisse).

BoatPeopleVietnamiens_Grangie
L’odyssée des boat-people vietnamiens avait ému l’Europe à la fin des années 70 © François Grangie – AFP

Des bateaux chargés de réfugiés poussés à l’exil: les images actuelles rappellent celles des boat-people vietnamiens qui ont fui le régime communiste par la mer à partir de 1975. Témoignage de Minh Son Nguyen, ancien réfugié, avocat et professeur de droit aux Universités de Neuchâtel et de Lausanne, avec l’analyse de François Guillemot, historien au CNRS, spécialiste du Vietnam.

RéinstallationRéfugiésIndochinois_HCR
© HCR
ArrivéeBoatPeopleVietnamiens_HCR
© HCR

 

  • Chiffres à l’appui : voir le document en ligne du HCR : La fin de l’Indochine (extraits : tableaux ci-dessus)

Hoang Ngo : Building a New House for the Buddha – Buddhist Social Engagement and Revival in Vietnam, 1927-1951

[ndlr] Annonce d’une nouvelle étude sur le bouddhisme vietnamien concernant une période clé de son histoire. Résumé de l’étude par Christoph Giebel, publié avec son aimable autorisation.

Ref.: Hoang Ngo, Building a New House for the Buddha: Buddhist Social Engagement and Revival in Vietnam, 1927-1951, Chair: Christoph Giebel

The dissertation investigates in particular social engagement of Vietnamese Buddhists, in itself the product of the Buddhist revival emerging in the 1920s. During the revival, Vietnamese Buddhists attempted to remake their religion into a this-worldly Buddhism, establishing Buddhist associations and monastic schools and publishing periodicals to propagate the Dharma. Their goal was to use Buddhism to effectively deal with the colonization of the country by the French and the challenges posed by colonial modernity.

Hoang follows in great detail the debates within and among the emerging Buddhist associations of Cochinchina, Annam, and Tonkin, particularly during the 1930s and early 1940s when new ideas and profound change caused much excitement and activities as well as great anxieties and self-doubt.  What was the best way to propagate the Dharma among the masses?  How could one separate the “true” monk from the “fake”?  What was to be the proper balance between the sangha and the laity?  How could Buddhist associations organize themselves and operate effectively within an all-encompassing colonial order of control?  What role was there for revived Buddhism in the national(ist) struggle?  These and other questions fueled an explosion of intense debates, both in personal interactions as well as in various print media, over doctrinal, organizational and institutional aspects of Buddhism.

Despite personal and institutional rivalries, tensions between leading monks,  newly empowered lay people, and French authority, and persistent regional divisions, the ideal of a unified, all-Vietnamese Buddhist organization remained a long-standing, if elusive goal.  Unity, however, would come about only in the twilight of the colonial empire and the early years of the Cold War, and via the catalyst of the World Buddhist Conference in Sri Lanka.  In an epilogue, Hoang links the (short-lived) moment of unity in 1951 to the Buddhist Struggle Movement in the 1960s Republic, the subject of his earlier, pre-dissertation work.  At the end of a rigorous and vigorous defense, Hoang’s committee urged him to turn this important and richly documented dissertation into a full-fledged book manuscript.

Christoph Giebel, 15/09/2015.

Kim Huynh : Vietnam as if… Tales of youth, love and destiny

[ndlr] Parution d’un récit romancé de Kim Huynh sur les espoirs de la jeunesse vietnamienne à travers cinq portraits et destins différents. Présentation de l’éditeur.

Vietnam as if…

Tales of youth, love and destiny

Kim Huynh

Vietnam as if… follows five young people who have moved from the countryside to the city. Their dramatic everyday lives illuminate some of the most pressing issues in Vietnam today: ‘The Sticky Rice Seller’ explores gender roles; ‘The Ball Boy’ is all about the struggles of sexual and ethnic minorities; ‘The Professional’ examines relations between rich and poor; ‘The Goalkeeper’ delves into politics and ideology; and ‘The Student’ reflects upon family and faith. The stories also reboot several classics of Vietnamese literature for the twenty-first century, including ‘Floating Dumplings’ by feminist poet Ho Xuan Huong, Vu Trong Phung’s satire of French colonialism Dumb Luck, Nguyen Du’s epic account of fate and sacrifice ‘The Tale of Kieu’, and the proclamations of Ho Chi Minh. These novellas reveal the deepest sentiments of Vietnamese youth as they – like youth everywhere – come of age, fall in love and contest their destiny.

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/vietnamasif

In 2011 Kim Huynh returned to Vietnam, having left more than three decades earlier. He had few plans other than to experience as much of his birthplace as possible. That year he came into contact with a wide range of people and took on many trades. Kim drank and dined with government officials, went on pilgrimages with corporate tycoons and marched in the streets against foreign aggression. He sold sticky rice, was a tennis player and also a ball boy, attended all manner of rituals and celebrations, eavesdropped on people in cafés and restaurants, and went back to the classroom as both a student and a teacher. Rich in detail and broad in scope, these tales capture Kim’s experiences and imaginings of Vietnam as if….

ISBN 9781925022308 (Print version) $25.00 (GST inclusive)
ISBN 9781925022315 (Online)

Source : ANU Press

Image “à la une” : © Vietnam as if (Facebook).

Vietnam’s Boat People Mark Anniversary With Return to Refugee Camps [RFA]

[ndlr] A lire sur le site de Radio Free Asia. Retour commémoratif à Poulo Bidong et sur les anciens lieux de mémoire (camps et cimetières) des boat people vietnamiens.

A group of former “boat people” who fled persecution by the communist government in Hanoi  at the end of the Vietnam War in 1975 recently toured resettlement camps in Southeast Asia to mark their journey to sanctuary 40 years earlier, and to honor those who were not so lucky.

The group set off from Australia on Aug. 20 as part of a “Back to Freedom” boat tour organized by the Archive of Vietnamese Boat People to sites in Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand—four key destinations for refugees seeking asylum after the conflict.

During a stop on Malaysia’s Bidong island, members of the group shared stories as a bus drove them to the former site of one of the largest refugee camps to house boat people in Southeast Asia before they were resettled to Western countries.

An island of less than one square mile (260 hectares) in area, Bidong was designated the principal refugee camp in Malaysia in August 1978 and prepped to receive some 4,500 asylum seekers, but by June the following year had a population of more than 40,000.

Conditions in the camp were cramped and unsanitary, while food and water had to be imported from the mainland by barge, and many refugees were forced to wait years on the island before being resettled.

But despite the grim state of the island camp, nearly 800,000 boat people fled Vietnam between the end of the war and the late 1990s to Malaysia and other regional countries, with as many as 400,000 perishing in the attempt, according to estimates by the United Nations High Commission for Refugees.

Lire la suite : RFA, 04/09/2015. Reported by RFA’s Vietnamese Service. Translated by KaLynh Ngo. Written in English by Joshua Lipes.

Image “à la une” : Boat People / Wikipédia

* * *