Archives par mot-clé : Viêt-Nam

MSU Vietnam Group Archive : South Vietnam 1955-1962

[ndlr] Présentation en ligne du centre d’archives sur le Viêt-Nam de l’Université du Michigan (MSU, Michigan State University). Une mine pour la recherche sur la (première) République du Viêt-Nam 1955-1963.


MSU Vietnam Group Archive

The MSU Vietnam Group Archive includes roughly 80,000 pages of digitized documents, maps, and images. Most of these materials date from 1955-1962, when Michigan State University led a range of US-funded technical assistance programs in South Vietnam for the purpose of producing a stable non-Communist ally in Southeast Asia.

These materials contain rare and valuable information about politics, economy, and society in South Vietnam during the critical decade from the country’s formation in 1954 to the intensification of the Vietnam War in the mid-1960s. During this time, MSU-led programs in rural development generated significant information about land tenure, crop yields, and market structures in South Vietnam’s rural areas. MSU’s training programs for new political administrators produced hundreds of detailed biographical files on South Vietnamese political classes, with information about their geographic origins, socio-economic backgrounds, and educational histories.  MSU’s police training programs generated detailed material about the structure and administration of the regime’s security forces. Finally, MSU officials also produced a range of research studies and training manuals, as well as collecting a significant amount of local materials such as newspaper clippings, election posters, photographs, and many others.

The MSU Vietnam Group Archive will give students and scholars greater insight into the study of the social and economic history of Vietnam, the transition from colonial to post-colonial states and economies, American development programs in the Cold War era, and the transformation of American higher education in the mid-twentieth century.

Source : Vietnam Project MSU

Nguyen, Hai Hong : Political Dynamics of Grassroots Democracy in Vietnam [parution]

[ndlr] Avis de parution. Présentation de l’éditeur.

haihongnguyen_political-dynamicsofgrassroots-democracyinvietnamIn Political Dynamics of Grassroots Democracy in Vietnam, Hai Hong Nguyen investigates the correlation between independent variables and grassroots democracy to demonstrate that grassroots democracy has created a mutually empowering mechanism for both the party-state and the peasantry.

Hai Hong Nguyen is a Research Fellow at the University of Queensland, Australia. He holds a Masters in International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law from Lund University, Sweden, and a PhD in Political Science from the University of Queensland, Australia. He has been teaching international human rights law, international relations, and politics in Vietnam and Australia.

Review :

‘Hai Hong Nguyen’s Political Dynamics of Grassroots Democracy in Vietnam is a path-breaking study of Vietnam’s attempt to apply its concept of grassroots democracy to local government in response to rural unrest in the late 1990s. Based on field work in Vietnam, it represents a major milestone in the study of politics in Vietnam and will be the foundation for all future studies on political change in Vietnam.’ – Carlyle A. Thayer, Emeritus Professor, University of New South Wales at the Australian Defence Force Academy, Canberra, Australia

Source : Palgrave

★ ★ ★

[Nguyen, Hai Hong est aussi le coauteur avec Pham Quang Minh d’un article récent sur le processus de démocratisation du Viêt-Nam :]

Hai Hong Nguyen and Minh Quang Pham. “Democratization in Vietnam’s Post-Doi Moi One-Party Rule: Change from Within, Change from the Bottom to the Top, and Possibilities”. In Chantana Banpasirichote Wungaeo, Boike Rehbien, and Surichai Wungaeo (Ed.), Globalization and Democracy in Southeast Asia: Challenges, Responses and Alternative Futures, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016.

The analysis in this chapter shows that Vietnam is undergoing a process of democratization that is driven by Đổi Mới. While the authors concur with many others that political reforms are taking place more slowly than economic liberalization, the authors contend that these reforms will eventually materialize. The question of regime change in Vietnam, from one-party rule to a multiparty system, lies beyond the scope of this chapter, as regime change is influenced by myriad factors, including citizens’ emotions.

The chapter focuses on 3 questions: (1) What are the reforms and actual changes that have taken place in Vietnam in the last three decades since the CPV officially introduced the Đổi Mới policy in the late 1980s? (2) How are these reforms and changes significant to the life of the people? (3) What are the latest developments that could have an impact on Vietnamese politics at present and in the future? The analysis, which focuses on three areas, namely economic liberalization, political reforms, and the emergence of civil society, shows that even under the rule of one single party, democratic institutions do exist and are continuously being reformed in order to respond to pressures from within society.

The authors argue that democratization is occurring in Vietnam’s one-party authoritarian regime, but it is strictly controlled and limited to cautious political experiments and reforms under pressure from within the party and society. Based on the analysis, the authors characterize this process as change from within, change from the bottom to the top, and slow but steady change, in contrast to democratization processes in other places that occur quickly but are unsustainable, perhaps even resulting in chaos. The authors label this process as democratization with Vietnamese characteristics.

Source : Palgrave

Facebooker Hồ Hải bị bắt [VnExpress]

[ndlr] Confirmation de l’arrestation hier du blogueur Ho Hai sur VnExpress.

Facebooker Hồ Hải bị bắt

Ông Hồ Hải bị nhà chức trách cáo buộc phát tán tài liệu chống phá Nhà nước trong thời gian dài.


Ông Hồ Hải.

Cơ quan An ninh điều tra Công an TP HCM hôm 2/11 bắt giữ ông Hồ Văn Hải (52 tuổi, bác sĩ) tại phòng khám của ông trên đường Kha Vạn Cân, phường Linh Tây, quận Thủ Đức.

Nhà chức trách cho rằng, ông Hồ Hải bị phát hiện đang phát tán những thông tin, tài liệu có nội dung chống Nhà nước trên Internet. Hành vi này của ông Hồ Hải đã bị cơ quan điều tra theo dõi trong thời gian dài trước đó.

Ông được biết đến là chủ tài khoản Facebook Hồ Hải hay Blog BS Hồ Hải. Gần 30 năm trước ông tốt nghiệp ngành Y tại TP HCM, công tác tại Bệnh viện Chợ Rẫy từ năm 1993 đến 2001.

Cảnh sát đang làm rõ cáo buộc với ông này.

Nhật Vy

Source : VnExpress, 03/11/2016.

John C. Schafer : Võ Phiến and the Sadness of Exile [new edition]

[ndlr] La seconde édition de l’ouvrage de John C. Schafer sur l’écrivain Vo Phien est disponible en ligne sur Digital Commons @ Humboldt State University.

Võ Phiến and the Sadness of Exile describes the life and work of one of the most respected writers in the Vietnamese diaspora. A well-known writer in Vietnam before he sought refuge in the United States in1975, Võ Phiến continued to write in the U.S. He published numerous stories and essays and edited a seven-volume collection of works written in South Vietnam from 1954-1975. In this first book-length study in English of a modern Vietnamese writer, Schafer introduces readers to an author who has much to teach us about war, revolution and exile in a strange land.

schafer_vophienandthesadnessofexileCliquer sur l’image pour accéder au texte en ligne

Séminaire “Mémoires d’Indochine” 2016 : Séance 4

Année universitaire 2016-2017 / Master Asie Orientale Contemporaine (ASIOC) / Semestre 1

ENS de Lyon / Sciences Po Lyon

Mémoires d’Indochine :

Imaginaires nationaux :

de l’empire colonial aux états-nations d’aujourd’hui

Procession lors de la fête des Rois Hung en 2016

★ ★ ★

Les États vietnamiens (1945-1976) et aperçu sur le nationalisme Việt (ou Kinh)

Séance 4 : mardi 18 octobre 2016

Cette séance consacrée au Viêt-Nam s’intéressera à l’émergence de l’état-nation vietnamien indépendant depuis la création de l’Empire du Viêt-Nam (Đế quốc Việt Nam) à la suite du coup de force japonais du 9 mars 1945 jusqu’à la réunification de juillet 1976 sous l’appellation de République socialiste du Viêt-Nam (Cộng hòa Xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam), république se définissant comme un “état multinational”. En nous appuyant sur les textes proposés, nous verrons ce que recouvre le concept de “nation vietnamienne”, son ancrage dans la longue durée et sa supposée “unicité”.

Dans un second temps, nous illustrerons l’évolution du discours nationaliste vietnamien à travers ses différentes expressions (extraits de textes lus) : nationalisme culturel et monarchiste de Phạm Quỳnh, nationalisme libéral de Trần Văn Tùng et de Nguyễn Ngọc Huy, nationalisme révolutionnaire de Nguyễn Thái Học (VNQDĐ) et de Nguyễn Tường Tam (Đại Viêt Dân Chính), nationalisme “dai-vietnamien” de Lý Dông A (Đại Viêt Duy Dân) ou de Trương Tử Anh (Đại Viêt QDĐ), personnalisme des frères Ngô, national-communisme confucéen de Nguyễn Khắc Viên…

Personnalités évoquées :

Première rangée de gauche à droite : Phạm Quỳnh (1892-1945) intellectuel monarchiste assassiné en 1945, ministre de l’empereur Bảo Đại / Nguyễn Thái Học (1902-1930), nationaliste révolutionnaire, leader du VNQDĐ (Parti National), guillotiné par le régime colonial le 17 juin 1930 / Trương Tử Anh (1914-1946?), nationaliste révolutionnaire, leader du ĐVQDĐ (en abrégé Đại Viêt, Grand Viêt-Nam), disparaît à la suite de son arrestation par le Viêt-Minh en décembre 1946.

Seconde rangée de gauche à droite : Nguyễn Tường Tam (1906-1963), écrivain fondateur du Groupe littéraire autonome et un des chefs du VNQDĐ, ancien ministre des Affaires étrangères du Gouvernement Hồ Chí Minh de 1946, se suicide le 7 juillet 1963 / Trần Văn Tùng (1915-?), écrivain nationaliste fervent baodaïste, membre du Parti démocrate / Ngô Đình Diêm (1901-1963), président de la République du Viêt-Nam (Sud) de 1955 à 1963, assassiné le 2 novembre 1963.

Troisième rangée de gauche à droite : Nguyễn Ngọc Huy (1924-1990) nationaliste, fondateur du parti Néo Đại Viêt en 1964 et refondateur de la “doctrine de l’existence du peuple” / Nguyễn Khắc Viên (1913-1997), médecin et intellectuel marxiste / Trần Huỳnh Duy Thức (né en 1966), militant pro-démocrate actuellement emprisonné pour dissidence politique.


Sources mobilisées :

  • Nguyen Ngoc Thanh Annie, Les représentations de l’identité nationale d’après l’étude de contes vietnamiens de 1920 à 1945, Mémoire de DEA, Université Lumière Lyon 2, 2005, pp. 54-62 (§ “Imaginaire des contes et imaginaire national”).
  • Uno, Koichiro, Essai sur les mythes politiques vietnamiens, Mémoire de l’EHESS sous la direction de Georges Condominas, Paris, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, 1989, pp. 68-87 (Ch. 3 : “Culte national totalisant”). IAO Fonds Boudarel.


Pour aller plus loin :

Goscha, Christopher, The Penguin History of Modern Vietnam, London, Allen Lane / Penguin Books, 2016. Présentation éditeur.

Guillemot, François, « Penser le nationalisme révolutionnaire au Việt Nam : Identités politiques et itinéraires singuliers à la recherche d’une hypothétique ‘Troisième voie’ », Moussons [En ligne], 13-14 | 2009, mis en ligne le 30 novembre 2012. URL :

Taylor, Keith W., A History of the Vietnamese, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2013. Présentation éditeur.

Second Doi moi needed: scholars [Viet Nam News]

[ndlr] Le pari d’un second Renouveau se fait attendre… Nous évoquions cette nécessité il y a quatre ans dans : Gédéon, Laurent & Guillemot, François (2012), « Viêt Nam. L’appel à un second Renouveau », in Jérémy Jammes et Benoît de Tréglodé (sous la dir.), L’Asie du Sud-Est 2012. Les événements majeurs de l’année, Bangkok & Paris, Irasec / Les Indes Savantes, 2012, pp. 289-311.

HÀ NỘI — Scholars called on the Party and the Government to urgently initiate a second Đổi mới (renewal) period to meet the new demands of the country’s development, economically and politically.

Đổi mới, officially begun in 1986, changed Viet Nam’s post-war Soviet-style subsidised economy into a market-oriented one. The thirty-year long process led to an economic boom in the war-torn country with average growth rates up to eight per cent.

“After years of economic collapse and suffering of the consequences of war, the Vietnamese Government liberated the market and opened it for the international economy,” said Stefan Kaufmann, member of the German Parliament at an international conference on the 30th anniversary of Đổi mới held on Friday. It was organised by the University of Social Sciences and Humanities (USSH), Hanoi and Germany’s Konrad Adenauer Stiftung.

“What happened ever since has been, what we Germans like to call a ‘Wirtschaftswunder’ – an economy miracle,” he said.

Lire la suite : Viet Nam News, 10/10/2016.

Image “à la une” : Former Deputy Prime Minister Vũ Khoan delivers speech at an international conference on the 30th anniversary of Đổi mới held on Friday. © 2016

Vietnam Afrique Antilles – Histoires oubliées, mémoire vive [5 octobre 2016]

[ndlr] Annonce d’une soirée cinéma et débat au Musée d’histoire de l’immigration dans le cadre des “Mercredis du film ethnographique”. Projection d’extraits suivie d’une discussion.

documentaire_afriquevietnamAprès la guerre d’Indochine, des soldats africains et antillais engagés au service de la France regagnent leur contrée d’origine avec femmes vietnamiennes et enfants. De leurs unions nouées en temps de conflit sont issues des familles mixtes marquées par la déchirure, partagées entre Hanoi et d’autres lieux de résidence géographiques. De Dakar à Cotonou via Le Robert et Morne-Rouge en Martinique, acteurs et descendants de ces rencontres interculturelles s’interrogent aujourd’hui.

Trois documentaires racontent cette histoire silencieuse dont la mémoires reste vive : “Si loin du Vietnam” de Laurence Gavron, “Héritiers du Vietnam” d’Arlette Pacquit, “Indochine, sur les traces d’une mère” de d’Idrissou Mora Kpaï…

Avec la participation de Wasis Diop (musique), Laurence Gavron (cinéaste), Jean-Charles Germany (cinéaste), Mai Lan Ndoye-Olive (anthropologie intercultrurelle), Pap Mbodj (producteur), Céline Roisier.

Séance animée par Brice Ahounou (Mercredis du Film ethnographique)

Entrée libre

Mercredi 5 octobre 2016 à 19h

Auditorium Philippe Dewitte, Palais de la Porte Dorée

Musée de l’histoire de l’immigration, 293 avenue Daumesnil 75012 Paris – Métro : Porte Dorée.

★ ★ ★

Voir également : Projection du film : SI LOIN DU VIETNAM mercredi 5 octobre à 19 h au Musée de l’immigration

Image “à la une” extraite de “Si loin du Vietnam” de Laurence Gavron.