« Fronts et frontières de l’État-Parti au Viêt Nam », HDR de Benoît de Tréglodé – 18/12/2015

Benoît de Tréglodé soutiendra son habilitation à diriger les recherches (HDR) :

« Fronts et frontières de l’État-Parti au Viêt Nam »

le vendredi 18 décembre 2015 à 14 heures

dans les grands salons de l’INALCO, 2 rue de Lille, Paris VIIe

Devant le jury ainsi composé :

  • Marie-Sybille de Vienne (garante, INALCO)
  • Anne de Tinguy (INALCO),
  • Christopher E. Goscha (UQAM),
  • Yves Goudineau (EFEO),
  • Thomas Engelbert (U. de Hamburg),
  • Pierre Journoud (U. de Montpellier)
  • Jean-Francois Huchet (INALCO)La soutenance sera suivie d’une collation à 18h (RSVP).

Benoît de Tréglodé est responsable du programme « Équilibres stratégiques et politiques de défense en Asie » à l’Institut de recherche stratégique de l’École militaire (IRSEM) . Il est membre du comité scientifique de l’Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine (IRASEC), chercheur associé au Centre Asie du Sud-Est (CASE, EHESS-CNRS) et membre du comité éditorial des Cahiers d’études vietnamiennes (Université Paris-Diderot). Il est également chargé d’enseignement à l’université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne.

CV en ligne : IRSEM

Principales publications

  • Héros et révolution au Viêt Nam, (préface de Yves Chevrier), les Indes Savantes, Paris, 230 pages. (nouvelle édition révisée et actualisée)
  • Heroes and Revolution in Vietnam, (préface Christopher E. Goscha), National University of Singapor Press, Singapour, 244 pages
  • Viêt Nam contemporain, (co-direction avec Stéphane Dovert), IRASEC – Les Indes Savantes, Paris, 594 pages. (seconde édition revue et actualisée)
  • Naissance d’un Etat-parti. Le Viêt Nam depuis 1945 (co-direction avec Christopher E. Goscha), Les Indes Savantes, Paris, 463 pages.

Image “à la une” : poster de propagande du PCV. Tranh Cổ động tuyên truyền kỷ niệm 84 năm Ngày thành lập Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam (03/02/1930 – 03/02/2014)

Nguyễn Thị Thanh Tín (1984-2015)

[ndlr] Victime du terrorisme à San Bernardino, Californie.

Chưa kịp mặc áo cưới đã trở thành nạn nhân

NguyenThiThanhTin_1984-2015

Trong số 14 nạn nhân bị bắn chết trong vụ thảm sát ở Trung Tâm Xã Hội Inland Regional Center tại thành phố San Bernardino, California (nằm cách Los Angeles khoảng 90 cây số, cách khu Little Saigon của người Việt Nam khoảng 65 cây số), hôm Thứ Tư, 2 tháng 12, có một người Việt Nam.

Ðó là cô Nguyễn Thị Thanh Tín, sinh ngày 6 tháng 4 năm 1984, nhân viên làm việc cho cơ quan kiểm soát an toàn thực phẩm của Sở Y Tế San Bernardino, đồng nghiệp của nghi can Syed Farook, người đã nã súng vào các đồng nghiệp mình, và sau đó bị cảnh sát bắn chết trong cuộc rượt đuổi.

Theo gia đình cho biết, Thanh Tín sang Mỹ lúc 8 tuổi, tốt nghiệp trung học Valley High School ở Santa Ana, tốt nghiệp cử nhân khoa học sức khỏe tại đại học Cal State Fullerton. Cô vừa cùng vị hôn phu của mình thử áo cưới trước đó không lâu để chuẩn bị cho một đám cưới dự trù tổ chức vào năm tới.

Lire la suite : RFA, 04/12/2015.

Les premiers photographes au Viêt Nam [parution]

[ndlr] Présentation de l’éditeur.

En coédition avec l’Académie des sciences d’outre-mer

Sous la direction de Loan de Fontbrune

Cet ouvrage est le fruit d’une rencontre : celle de photographes français précurseurs de leur art avec le Viêt Nam du XIXe siècle. Cochinchine, Tonkin, Annam : des régions alors méconnues dont Gsell, Hocquard, Dieulefils… sauront saisir avec acuité la société aujourd’hui disparue.

Les bords de la Rivière de Saïgon en 1880, l’empereur Thành Thái vers 1897, le tombeau du roi Thiêu Tri… Au fil de cent cinquante et une photographies réunies pour la première fois par l’Académie des sciences d’outre-mer, c’est à un voyage dans le temps que nous voici conviés à travers l’objectif de ces précurseurs.

Un voyage dans le temps passé que les chercheurs du temps présent ont su, avec passion, réveiller pour nous, confirmant au passage que le pouvoir mystérieux de la photographie demeure intact…

Source : Riveneuve

L’ Académie des sciences d’outre-mer et les éditions Riveneuve feront une présentation du livre
Les premiers photographes au Việt Nam

 le jeudi 10 décembre à 17 h 30 
à l’Académie des sciences d’outre-mer
15, rue La Pérouse
75016 PARIS
(sur invitation)

Terror in Little Saigon: A Second Exile by A.C. Thompson

[ndlr] Second volet de Terror in Little Saigon : le nouvel exil des victimes après les menaces de mort et tentatives d’assassinats. Cas de Doan Van Toai.

By 1989, Doan Van Toai had become a prominent commentator on the political affairs of Vietnam, his home country. Toai had witnessed the corruption of South Vietnam’s political leaders, and later suffered first-hand the brutality of the Communist victors after the war. Now, in America, he’d found cause for cautious optimism.

Toai wrote essays for publications including The Wall Street Journal. He’d done a stint as a researcher at Tufts University outside Boston, and launched an advocacy group called the Institute for Democracy in Vietnam. Working with a co-author, he had published a well-received memoir called The Vietnamese Gulag. He gave speeches around the world.

And then, on a summer morning outside Toai’s house in Fresno, California, a man armed with a .380-caliber pistol shot him. One bullet wrecked Toai’s jaw and destroyed six teeth before exiting beneath his left ear. Another ruined his intestines.

After the shooting, the Vietnamese Organization to Exterminate Communists and Restore the Nation took credit for the attempted murder of Toai. The FBI had long regarded the ostensible group — VOECRN — as a cover for the violent work of a very public organization founded years before by former South Vietnamese military officers. That group, formally known as the National United Front for the Liberation of Vietnam, had brought elements of the war back home to America. Its members wanted to re-take Vietnam and openly raised money to finance an army to do so. The FBI, over many years of frustrating investigation, had come to believe the group, known most commonly as the Front, was willing to kill or terrorize those in American who criticized its aims and operations.

Toai was one of those detractors, and his brush with death had an effect that doubtless pleased the Front. He gave up public writing. He abandoned the speeches.

Lire la suite / Read more : PBS, 01/12/2015.

Pour en savoir plus :

Kế hoạch hợp tác Mỹ với Việt Minh chống phát xít trước Cách mạng Tháng Tám [ANTG]

[ndlr] Retour sur le rôle de l’OSS auprès du Viêt-Minh. Une aide non négligeable dans la préparation des journées d’Août 1945.

Cuối năm 1944, một chiếc máy bay của Mỹ bị quân Nhật bắn hỏng máy trên vùng trời Hòa An, Cao Bằng, Trung úy phi công Shaw nhảy dù xuống khu rừng gần tỉnh lị được du kích Việt Minh cứu thoát và đưa về gặp lãnh tụ Hồ Chí Minh. Người đã quyết định đưa viên phi công sang Côn Minh trao trả cho đại diện quân đội Mỹ ở đây, vừa thể hiện thiện chí của Việt Minh, đồng thời cũng muốn khẳng định lực lượng Việt Minh đứng về phe Đồng minh cùng chống phát xít.

Sau những cuộc gặp gỡ giữa lãnh tụ Hồ Chí Minh với tướng Chennault, đại diện Tập đoàn Không quân số 14 của Đồng minh vào tháng 3/1945 và thiếu tá tình báo A. Patty của Cơ quan Tình báo chiến lược Mỹ OSS cuối tháng 4/1945, mối quan hệ hợp tác giữa Việt Minh và Đồng minh đã được thiết lập. Một chủ trương về việc Mỹ giúp đỡ vũ khí, phương tiện liên lạc và huấn luyện quân sự cho lực lượng Việt Minh chống phát xít đã được hai bên thỏa thuận.

Thực hiện giao ước này, các cán bộ Việt Minh ở Côn Minh đã viết truyền đơn bằng tiếng Việt gửi đến Không quân Mỹ để đem rải 8 vạn tờ ở miền Bắc Việt Nam khiến cho uy tín của Việt Minh tăng lên nhanh chóng như một lực lượng của phe Đồng minh chống phát xít. Ban không trợ mặt đất của Mỹ đã lập một mạng lưới vô tuyến điện từ Hà Nội đến Sài Gòn theo kế hoạch của OSS và  trung úy C. Fenn, phụ trách nhóm tình báo Đồng minh hoạt động ở Việt Nam, được giao nhiệm vụ làm liên lạc giữa OSS và Việt Minh.

Cuối tháng 5/1945, từ Tân Trào, lãnh tụ Hồ Chí Minh phái giao liên trao cho A. Patty tại Côn Minh một thông báo về việc quân Nhật xây dựng công sự ở Cao Bằng và trên đường về Hà Nội. Đầu tháng 6/1945, Người điện báo cho Patty đã chuẩn bị sẵn sàng hơn 1.000 quân du kích được huấn luyện tốt, tập trung ở Chợ Chu, Định Hóa.

Đến giữa tháng 6/1945, qua đầu mối Patty, Hồ Chí Minh biết tin sẽ có một toán quân Mỹ, bao gồm nhân viên kỹ thuật đưa theo thuốc men, lương thực, vũ khí nhẹ do một sĩ quan dẫn đầu sắp được thả dù xuống địa bàn Tuyên Quang và yêu cầu phía Việt Minh chuẩn bị đón.

Lire la suite : An Ninh The Gioi Online, 02/09/2015.

Image “à la une” : Đội Con Nai chuẩn bị nhảy dù / L’équipe du Cerf prête à sauter en parachute © ANTG

Pour en savoir plus

The Lost Mandate of Heaven: The American Betrayal of Ngo Dinh Diem, President of Vietnam

[ndlr] Le 1er novembre 1963, un coup d’État militaire renversait le Président Ngo Dinh Diem. Il fut assassiné à Cholon le jour suivant avec son frère Nhu. La Première République du Viêt-Nam s’éteignait (1955-1963) débouchant sur trois années de chaos politique.

Parution le 23 novembre 2015. Une nouvelle étude sur Ngo Dinh Diem sous forme de réhabilitation. Présentation des éditions catholiques Ignatius Press.

Ngo Dinh Diem, the first president of the Republic of Vietnam, possessed the Confucian “Mandate of Heaven”, a moral and political authority that was widely recognized by all Vietnamese. This devout Roman Catholic leader never lost this mandate in the eyes of his people; rather, he was taken down by a military coup sponsored by the U.S. government, which resulted in his brutal murder.

The-Lost-Mandate-of-HeavenThe commonly held view runs contrary to the above assertion by military historian Geoffrey Shaw. According to many American historians, President Diem was a corrupt leader whose tyrannical actions lost him the loyalty of his people and the possibility of a military victory over the North Vietnamese. The Kennedy Administration, they argue, had to withdraw its support of Diem.

Based on his research of original sources, including declassified documents of the U.S. government, Shaw chronicles the Kennedy administration’s betrayal of this ally, which proved to be not only a moral failure but also a political disaster that led America into a protracted and costly war. Along the way, Shaw reveals a President Diem very different from the despot portrayed by the press during its coverage of Vietnam. From eyewitness accounts of military, intelligence, and diplomatic sources, Shaw draws the portrait of a man with rare integrity, a patriot who strove to free his country from Western colonialism while protecting it from Communism.

“A candid account of the killing of Ngo Dinh Diem, the reasons for it, who was responsible, why it happened, and the disastrous results. Particularly agonizing for Americans who read this clearly stated and tightly argued book is the fact that the final Vietnam defeat was not really on battle grounds, but on political and moral grounds. The Vietnam War need not have been lost. Overwhelming evidence supports it.”
From the Foreword by James V. Schall, S.J., Professor Emeritus, Georgetown University

“Did I find a veritable Conradian ‘Heart of Darkness’? Yes, I did, but it was not in the quarter to which all popular American sources were pointing their accusatory fingers; in other words, not in Saigon but, paradoxically, within the Department of State back in Washington, D.C., and within President Kennedy’s closest White House advisory circle. The actions of these men led to Diem’s murder. And with his death, nine and a half years of careful work and partnership between the United States and South Vietnam was undone.”
Geoffrey Shaw, from the Preface

Geoffrey Shaw, Ph.D., received his doctorate in history from the University of Manitoba, with a focus on US diplomatic and military history in Southeast Asia. From 1994 to 2008 he was an Assistant Professor of History for the American Military University. He has written and spoken widely about US military involvement in Vietnam and the Middle East. Currently he is the President of the Alexandrian Defense Group, a think tank on counterinsurgency warfare.

Source : Ignatius

Nam Moi: A Young Girl’s Story of Her Family’s Escape from Vietnam

[ndlr] Paru le 19 mars 2015, le témoignage d’une famille vietnamienne d’origine chinoise (hakka) qui a quitté le Viêt-Nam en 1978. Présentation de l’éditeur.

CharleneLinUng_NamMoi

Saigon, November, 1978. Under the cover of darkness a desperate family leaves home and friends, hoping to escape the harsh regime of Communist Vietnam. Their goal is to reunite with the four oldest children sent ahead to the United States, but first they must evade ruthless communist patrols. Eleven-year-old Nam Moi is confused, afraid and now homeless. Her future seems bleak and devoid of hope. The risks are great, but it was not the first time her family had taken risks. Long ago, her Ung ancestors had migrated from China to northern Vietnam. When the country was partitioned in 1954, they moved again to South Vietnam.

Nam Moi, or “little girl from the South”, was born in Saigon during the Vietnam War. Her family survived the fighting, but living under Communist rule was very hard. After years of planning and debating, Nam Moi’s father made the bold decision to escape, in hope of finding a better life for his children somewhere else. Nam Moi had been taught that sometimes gambles must be taken for a better life. But would this huge gamble bring freedom or cost them all their lives?

Nam Moi: A Young Girl’s Story of Her Family’s Escape from Vietnam is a true story of triumph over repression, danger and hardship. Escaping from Vietnam meant traveling on a rusty cargo ship in the South China Sea for months, barely hanging onto life. Nam Moi’s father paid precious gold for the chance to escape the country, but the price the family paid to survive was much higher than gold. They had to start their lives all over again.

Charlene Lin Ung © 2015 Photo: T. Wynne

Today, few people know CHARLENE LIN UNG as Nam Moi. She has made a new life for herself and her two children in Los Angeles. In the United States since 1980, she has overcome many obstacles—learning a new language and culture, earning a bachelor’s and master’s degree in engineering and working for one of the top aerospace companies in the country. She is currently a successful engineering manager at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. Many years after her escape from the Communist Vietnam, she is still on a journey, but now it’s one of discovery to advance our knowledge about the solar system.

Site de l’auteure : Hakka Girl et page Facebook

Image “à la une” : Famille de Ung Ly Sang © 2015 Charlene Lin Ung

La décolonisation et la guerre vécues par les populations du Viêt-Nam, du Laos et du Cambodge

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