Archives de catégorie : Récits personnels

U.S. Diplomatic Oral Histories on Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam

[ndlr] L’Association d’études diplomatiques et de formation (ADST) est une organisation indépendante à but non lucratif fondée en 1986. Localisée au Centre National de Formation des Affaires étrangères (Centre George P. Shultz) du Département d’État (NFATC) à Arlington, en Virginie, elle contribue à la compréhension de la diplomatie américaine et prend en charge la formation du personnel des affaires étrangères à l’Institut des Affaires étrangères du NFATC à travers une variété de programmes et d’activités. L’ADST propose en ligne une série audiovisuelle et une documentation très riche sous forme d’entretiens (Oral histories) sur le personnel diplomatique américain dans le monde. Nous proposons ci-après les liens menant aux “Readers” des trois pays de la péninsule indochinoise. Nous en profitons pour remercier le professeur Nguyen The Anh pour avoir signalé cette documentation en ligne comme présent de bienvenue dans la nouvelle année 2013.

 

The Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training (ADST)

Country and Subject Reader Series

Interested in a particular country or subject? Go beyond the experiences of simply one diplomat with Country and Subject Readers.

These Readers consist of relevant excerpts from individual oral history interviews arranged in approximate chronological order. They are designed to give users an overview of U.S. relations with a country or policy on a specific subject, as seen by those who dealt with it from Washington or in the field. The Readers offer unique insights over decades, though they may not provide full chronological continuity.

Some of our larger Country Readers that exceed 1,000 pages of content, such as China, are only available in part for free download. Full Country Readers that fall under this category are available for purchase in PDF format from the Official ADST Store. When your purchase is complete, you will be automatically sent a link to download your purchase(s). All proceeds are used to financially support ADST’s programs.

Note:  These oral histories contain the personal recollections and opinions of the individual interviewed.  The views expressed should not be considered official statements of the U.S. government or the Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training.

Source : ADST

  • Documentation on Cambodia (pdf 386 p.)
  • Documentation on Laos (pdf 459 p.)
  • Documentation on Vietnam (pdf extrait de 104 p.)

 

Kim Thuy : Adieu Saïgon

[ndlr] Retour sur le petit ouvrage de Kim Thuy paru en 2011 en France et au Canada. Interview mise en ligne par le  9 février 2011. A travers Ru, Kim Thuy invite le lecteur à “visiter un univers”, celui du Saigon de 1975, de l’exil en bateau et des réfugiés vietnamiens accueillis au Québec. Le reportage est suivi de la vidéo promotionnelle du livre puis d’un entretien en anglais sur son parcours.

Kim Thuy est l’invitée du JT6H de TV5Monde pour son livre “Ru” (Editions Liana Levi), un ouvrage largement inspiré de son exceptionnel destin. Plus qu’un simple témoignage, “Ru” est l’hymne à la vie et à la joie d’une femme de son temps pour qui l’exil est une chance.

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Ru de Kim Thuy

C’est au Québec et plus précisément à Montréal, que nous vous emmenons sur WebTV Culture, où à l’occasion du salon du livre nous avons rencontré Kim Thúy. Et ici, au Québec, Kim Thúy est devenue un phénomène littéraire.

« Boat people », ayant fui le Vietnam avec sa famille lorsqu’elle était enfant, Kim Thúy a débarqué ici au Québec il y a une trentaine d’années, et de ce parcours de réfugiée, elle a fait le thème de son premier roman, Ru, publié en France aux éditions Liana Levi.

Récompensé par de nombreux prix, Ru est un petit bijou où la souffrance se transforme en poésie, où la magie d’une rencontre et d’un sourire redonne l’espoir. Avec ce premier roman à l’écriture délicate, Kim Thúy à conquis le public québécois, et en France aussi le succès est au rendez vous. Ru, le premier roman de Kim Thúy est publié en France aux éditions Liana Lévi. Kim Thúy est avec nous sur Web TV Culture.

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Kim Thuy on writing Ru and the Immigrant Experience

Kim Thuy talks about writing Ru and her memories of an unforgettable journey from a palatial residence in Saigon to a crowded and muddy Malaysian refugee camp, and onward to a new life in Quebec. She discusses the embrace she felt from her new community, and revels in her family’s chance to be part of the American Dream. (Publiée le 7 mars 2012)

The boys and girls from Vung Tau, Vietnam – Van Cam Quach

The story of the boys and girls, in the photo taken in Vung Tau Vietnam in 1968, came to Australia as boat people in 1981 and 1983.

The Boat People is the story of the author and her dysfunctional family of three parents and twelve children and the hardship that they experienced living and growing up in a war torn Vietnam, as well as the discrimination they endured under the new communist regime because of their father’s position in the previous Government in the town of Vung Tau. Ten of her siblings only managed to escape Vietnam by boat by working for people smugglers because they couldn’t afford the trip. It describes the journey of a Vietnamese family who came to Australia as refugees and immigrants with limited education.

Ref. : Van Cam Quach, The Boat People. The real story behind a Vietnamese family settling in Australia, Van Publishing, 2011, 142 p.

Source : Book Sources Online

Sea Of Memory – A Vietnamese Boat Refugee Documentary Film – 2011

Sea Of Memory – A Vietnamese Boat Refugee Documentary Film – Ryan Nguyen, 2011.

After the Vietnam War ended on April 30, 1975, more than a million people fled the communist ruling by boats to the South China Sea. They faced obstacles such as pirate attacks, violent sea storms, thirst and starvation. Many lives were lost. Those that survived the journey immigrated to non-communist countries around the world. The majority of them found freedom and new life in the United States. My dad was one of them.

Interview en français avec Nguyen Thi Binh [1981]

“Interview with Nguyen Thi Binh, 1981.” , 02/16/1981, WGBH Media Library & Archives, (accessed 08 Nov 2012)

Madame Nguyen Thi Binh was the Foreign Minister of the National Liberation Front, and a repre­sen­ta­tive at the Paris peace talks. At the time of the inter­view, she was the Minister of Education of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, and she later served for ten years as Vice President of the coun­try.

In the inter­view she des­cri­bes life in colo­nial Saigon, joi­ning the Viet Minh, and the three years spent in a French prison. Mme. Binh then des­cri­bes her poli­ti­cal invol­ve­ment in the Provisional Revolutionary Government and the peace nego­tia­tions in Paris.

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Series Vietnam: A Television History
Barcode 301131
Duration 00:29:18:29
Standard NTSC
Physical format Digital betacam
Type Original footage
Place Covered Hanoi, Vietnam

Source : Open Vault WGBH Media Library and Archives

Madame Nguyen Thi Binh on the atrocities of war Vietnam [1966]

Nguyen Thi Bình, head of the Delegation of the Provisional Revolutionary Government at the Paris Conference on Vietnam. This January 27, 1973 photo depicts the signing of documents at the agreement table during the Paris Peace Accords that turned the page on war in Vietnam, to began the process of peace.

In Vienna in 1966, Madeline Duckles, interviews 38 years old Nguyen Thi Bình, member of the Central Committee of the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam. Speaking with quiet courage, Madame Thi Bình shares a woman’s perspective on the atrocities of war, the need for peace through the enactment of an electoral democratic process in the region, the desire for peace negotiations with President Johnson’s White House and the critical needs of the South Vietnamese people, especially its children, to live and survive in spite of ongoing military conflict and violence.

 

“How does war affect the lives of your children, and what is your attitudes toward us, the American people?” asks Madeline Duckles in her interview.

“To answer you on this question means great pain to us…” answered Madame Thi Bình as she describes the actions of American soldiers and military operations during the war.

Pacifica Radio Preservation Access Project

Producer: Madeline Duckles
from the Pacifica Radio Archives

Translation: Madame Le Thi Cao

Date: 1968, Los Angeles, CA, USA

Length: 44:34 min

A écouter sur : Women News Network

Background:

Madame Nguyen Thi Bình, (born Nguyen Châu Sa on 26 May 1927), was a leading delegate to the Paris Peace Conference, working on behalf of the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam.

Born in 1927 in Sa Ðéc province, Madame Thi Bình, was the granddaughter of Phan Chu Trinh, a social leader staunchly opposed to the use of violent means to bring democracy to Vietnam. He was also dedicated and worked to bring modern education to the region.

His daughter, who later became known as Madame Nguyen Thi Bình, studied French at Lycée Sisowath in Cambodia. Initially she worked as a teacher, later joining Vietnam’s Communist Party in 1948.

From 1945 to 1951, Thi Bình took part in various intellectual movements against the French authorities which subsequently lead to her arrest between 1951 and 1953 in Chi Hoa prison (Saigon). After serving her jail term, Madame Nguyen Thi Bình participated in the peace movement for the implementation of the Geneva Agreement.

During the Vietnam War, Thi Bình became a member of the Vietcong’s Central Committee and a vice-chairperson of the South Vietnamese Women’s Liberation Association. In 1969, she was appointed foreign minister of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam and played a major role in the signing of Paris Peace Accords on Vietnam, an agreement that provided the diplomatic means for America troops to pull out of the region, helping to engage and start the process to restore peace in Vietnam.

The Paris Peace Accords on Vietnam were entered into force, January 17, 1973. The war in Vietnam was finally declared over April 30, 1975.

Madame Nguyen Thi Bình is regarded today as a symbol of women’ s role in the “Resistance War”. After April 1975, she was appointed Minister of Education in a united Vietnam. She was elected Vice-President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in 1992 and then re-elected in 1997 and has served as Vietnamese Vice-President.

On September 4, 1995, at the United Nations 4th World Conference in Beijing, China, Madame Nguyen Thi Bình spoke to Dr. Gertrude Mongella, the Secretary General of the conference saying,

“Like many other countries, my country, Vietnam has lived through long years of wars which have ravaged this already-poor land and left behind millions of orphans, widows, disabled and missing-in-action. Vietnamese women. as part of their nation have been tested by harsh trials and countless hardships. They have derived therefrom their exceptional endurance and tenacity, their ability to survive and to persist in their full identity through the storms of life, just like the Vietnamese bamboo tree, which is supple but unbreakable, which bends under the wind but does not break, and which afterwards, stand again as straight and proud as before.”
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©2011 Women News Network – WNN

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NXP /CPR 1612671 – 11/05/1968 -Paris : Mrs. Nguyen Thi Binh, head of the National Liberation Front’s delegation at the enlarged Paris peace talks, speaks during a press conference here 11/05. Mrs Binh flatly ruled out any ceasefire in South Vietnam before the withdrawal of American troops. UPI Cablephoto (PR 222). © 1968 UPI

Loo Hui Phang, auteure de “Cent mille journées de prières” – Roman graphique

[ndlr] Présentation du roman graphique de Loo Hui Phang (scénariste) et Michaël Sterckeman (illustrateur) publié chez Futuropolis au mois d’avril 2012. Loo Huy Phang est interviewée sur TV5 Monde le 9 juin 2012.

L’oiseau de Louis est mort. Mais il vit dans les rêves éveillés, les cauchemars ou les fantasmes de l’enfant. À la fois protecteur et guide, l’oiseau, devenu énorme et décharné, conduit Louis sur une terre de cendres, désolée et morbide. Il faut y voir, bien sûr, le lieu métaphorique du génocide cambodgien, cette terre ravagée par les Khmers rouges, qui déportèrent et assassinèrent 1,7 millions de personnes entre 1975 et 1979. L’oiseau apprendra à Louis que son père n’était pas un tueur, comme il le craignait, mais bien une victime de la folie meurtrière des Khmers rouges. Louis, peu à peu, avec l’aide de l’oiseau, esquisse le portrait jusqu’alors vide de son père, l’homme que sa mère aima, jusqu’à la douleur. (présentation Futuropolis)