[ndlr] En 1995, Vietnam Exodus lançait une campagne intitulé « Xin Đừng Quên Tôi – Forget me not » auprès des réfugiés pour recueillir des informations sur les boat people disparus. Une mission en Thaïlande était organisée pour retrouver les jeunes filles et femmes boat people disparues (enlevées ou décédées en mer). L’avis de recherche ci-dessous a été posté sur You Tube en 2009 pour sensibiliser l’opinion internationale sur ce problème.
L’exposition présente un problème de société contemporain : l’exode vietnamien de la fin des années 1970. Elle s’appuie sur un témoignage unique et inédit : une authentique embarcation de réfugiés conservée en Bretagne, la seule en France à être étudiée comme un véritable bateau de mémoire du XXe siècle.
Outre la possibilité offerte pour l’exposition dévoquer les Droits de l’Homme, l’humanitaire, l’engagement de la presse dans l’action humanitaire et l’engagement de la Bretagne par le biais de ses marins : de Combrit, de Crozon, de Douarnenez, de Plérin, de Plouarzel… Ce sujet contient toutes les caractéristiques liées aux migrations des réfugiés avec, ici, en particulier, le passage par la mer entre deux terres, le bateau devenant le vecteur de la traversée vers une autre existence.
Visiter le site de l’exposition : Boat people – bateaux de l’exil
Inspired by the true stories of Vietnamese refugees who fled their land after the fall of Saigon—and those who were forced to stay behind, Journey From The Fall follows one family’s struggle for freedom.
April 30, 1975 marked the end of Vietnam’s two-decade-old civil war and the start of the exodus of hundreds of thousands of refugees. Despite his allegiance to the toppled South Vietnamese government, Long Nguyen (as Long Nguyen) decides to remain in Vietnam. Imprisoned in a Communist re-education camp, he urges his family to make the escape by boat without him. His wife Mai (Diem Lien), son Lai (Nguyen Thai Nguyen) and mother Ba Noi (Kieu Chinh) then embark on the arduous ocean voyage in the hope of reaching the U.S. and freedom. Back in Vietnam, Long suffers years of solitary confinement and hard labor, and finally despairs that his family has perished. But news of their successful resettlement in America inspires him to make one last desperate attempt to join them.
Review by Kim Voynar
The American version of the Vietnam War generally ends on April 30, 1975, the day the last of the U.S. troops and diplomats boarded planes and helicopters and left Vietnam. But for many Vietnamese, especially for those who had been loyal to the toppled South Vietnamese government, the fall of Saigon and the takeover of the Communist Viet Cong government was only the beginning of a long, terrible journey. Many of these citizens, loyal to the former government, found themselves incarcerated in Communist « re-education » camps for years. Still more Vietnamese, many of them women and children, fled Vietnam for other Southeast Asian countries or America, and became known as the « boat people. »
Lire la suite / Read more : Blog Moviefone, posted 23/03/2007.
Trailer for Journey from the Fall, directed by Ham Tran
Fiche du film sur Wikipedia
After the Vietnam War ended on April 30, 1975, more than a million people fled the communist ruling by boats to the South China Sea. They faced obstacles such as pirate attacks, violent sea storms, thirst and starvation. Many lives were lost. Those that survived the journey immigrated to non-communist countries around the world. The majority of them found freedom and new life in the United States. My dad was one of them.
Sortie nationale mercredi 30 janvier 2013 du film Công Binh, la longue nuit indochinoise, de Lam Lê. Film documentaire de cinéma réalisé à partir du livre de Pierre Daum Immigrés de force, les travailleurs indochinois en France (1939-1952), Actes Sud 2009.
Pour visionner la bande annonce du film, cliquer ici [ou voir plus bas la bande annonce]. Ce film est sélectionné en compétition : à l’International Documentary Film Festival of Amsterdam (projection les 16, 17, 20 et 22 novembre) ; au Festival international du film d’Amiens (projection les 18, 20 et 21 novembre) ; et au Festival international du film d’histoire de Pessac. (projection le 23 novembre). Les impatients peuvent s’y rendre et découvrir le film en avant-première.
A la veille de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale, 20 000 Vietnamiens étaient enrôlés de force dans l’Indochine française pour venir suppléer les ouvriers français partis sur le front allemand. Pris à tort pour des soldats, ces ouvriers civils appelés Cong Binh menaient une vie de parias sous l’Occupation, livrés à la merci des occupants allemands et des patrons collabos. Bravant les pires maladies, ils avaient initié la culture du riz comestible en Camargue. Considérés injustement comme des traîtres au Viet Nam, ils étaient tous derrière Ho Chi Minh pour l’indépendance du pays en 1945. Le film a retrouvé 20 survivants au Viet Nam et en France. Ils racontent aujourd’hui le colonialisme vécu au quotidien et témoignent de l’opprobre qui continue de peser sur eux et leurs enfants. Une page de l’histoire de France et du Viet Nam honteusement occultée de la mémoire collective.
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Source : Travailleurs Indochinois
Madame Nguyen Thi Binh was the Foreign Minister of the National Liberation Front, and a representative at the Paris peace talks. At the time of the interview, she was the Minister of Education of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, and she later served for ten years as Vice President of the country.
In the interview she describes life in colonial Saigon, joining the Viet Minh, and the three years spent in a French prison. Mme. Binh then describes her political involvement in the Provisional Revolutionary Government and the peace negotiations in Paris.
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Source : Open Vault WGBH Media Library and Archives
In Vienna in 1966, Madeline Duckles, interviews 38 years old Nguyen Thi Bình, member of the Central Committee of the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam. Speaking with quiet courage, Madame Thi Bình shares a woman’s perspective on the atrocities of war, the need for peace through the enactment of an electoral democratic process in the region, the desire for peace negotiations with President Johnson’s White House and the critical needs of the South Vietnamese people, especially its children, to live and survive in spite of ongoing military conflict and violence.
“How does war affect the lives of your children, and what is your attitudes toward us, the American people?” asks Madeline Duckles in her interview.
“To answer you on this question means great pain to us…” answered Madame Thi Bình as she describes the actions of American soldiers and military operations during the war.
Pacifica Radio Preservation Access Project
Producer: Madeline Duckles
from the Pacifica Radio Archives
Translation: Madame Le Thi Cao
Date: 1968, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Length: 44:34 min
A écouter sur : Women News Network
Madame Nguyen Thi Bình, (born Nguyen Châu Sa on 26 May 1927), was a leading delegate to the Paris Peace Conference, working on behalf of the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam.
Born in 1927 in Sa Ðéc province, Madame Thi Bình, was the granddaughter of Phan Chu Trinh, a social leader staunchly opposed to the use of violent means to bring democracy to Vietnam. He was also dedicated and worked to bring modern education to the region.
His daughter, who later became known as Madame Nguyen Thi Bình, studied French at Lycée Sisowath in Cambodia. Initially she worked as a teacher, later joining Vietnam’s Communist Party in 1948.
From 1945 to 1951, Thi Bình took part in various intellectual movements against the French authorities which subsequently lead to her arrest between 1951 and 1953 in Chi Hoa prison (Saigon). After serving her jail term, Madame Nguyen Thi Bình participated in the peace movement for the implementation of the Geneva Agreement.
During the Vietnam War, Thi Bình became a member of the Vietcong’s Central Committee and a vice-chairperson of the South Vietnamese Women’s Liberation Association. In 1969, she was appointed foreign minister of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam and played a major role in the signing of Paris Peace Accords on Vietnam, an agreement that provided the diplomatic means for America troops to pull out of the region, helping to engage and start the process to restore peace in Vietnam.
The Paris Peace Accords on Vietnam were entered into force, January 17, 1973. The war in Vietnam was finally declared over April 30, 1975.
Madame Nguyen Thi Bình is regarded today as a symbol of women’ s role in the “Resistance War”. After April 1975, she was appointed Minister of Education in a united Vietnam. She was elected Vice-President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in 1992 and then re-elected in 1997 and has served as Vietnamese Vice-President.
On September 4, 1995, at the United Nations 4th World Conference in Beijing, China, Madame Nguyen Thi Bình spoke to Dr. Gertrude Mongella, the Secretary General of the conference saying,
“Like many other countries, my country, Vietnam has lived through long years of wars which have ravaged this already-poor land and left behind millions of orphans, widows, disabled and missing-in-action. Vietnamese women. as part of their nation have been tested by harsh trials and countless hardships. They have derived therefrom their exceptional endurance and tenacity, their ability to survive and to persist in their full identity through the storms of life, just like the Vietnamese bamboo tree, which is supple but unbreakable, which bends under the wind but does not break, and which afterwards, stand again as straight and proud as before.”
©2011 Women News Network – WNN
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NXP /CPR 1612671 – 11/05/1968 -Paris : Mrs. Nguyen Thi Binh, head of the National Liberation Front’s delegation at the enlarged Paris peace talks, speaks during a press conference here 11/05. Mrs Binh flatly ruled out any ceasefire in South Vietnam before the withdrawal of American troops. UPI Cablephoto (PR 222). © 1968 UPI
[ndlr] Présentation du roman graphique de Loo Hui Phang (scénariste) et Michaël Sterckeman (illustrateur) publié chez Futuropolis au mois d’avril 2012. Loo Huy Phang est interviewée sur TV5 Monde le 9 juin 2012.
L’oiseau de Louis est mort. Mais il vit dans les rêves éveillés, les cauchemars ou les fantasmes de l’enfant. À la fois protecteur et guide, l’oiseau, devenu énorme et décharné, conduit Louis sur une terre de cendres, désolée et morbide. Il faut y voir, bien sûr, le lieu métaphorique du génocide cambodgien, cette terre ravagée par les Khmers rouges, qui déportèrent et assassinèrent 1,7 millions de personnes entre 1975 et 1979. L’oiseau apprendra à Louis que son père n’était pas un tueur, comme il le craignait, mais bien une victime de la folie meurtrière des Khmers rouges. Louis, peu à peu, avec l’aide de l’oiseau, esquisse le portrait jusqu’alors vide de son père, l’homme que sa mère aima, jusqu’à la douleur. (présentation Futuropolis)
Short interview about historical sources with Henri Locard on contemporary Cambodian history.
Subtitles in Cambodian language.
Over five million Vietnamese and 58 000 Americans died in what one side calls the American War and the other side calls the Vietnam War. Whilst countless stories have been told from the American point of view, very little has been heard from the Vietnamese side.
The Face of the Enemy is a documentary project that tells the story of the Vietnamese who fought in the American war, in their own words. In the film and installation veterans and their families have the chance, often for the first time, to recall the experiences that transformed and changed their lives. The project is built from over 150 hours of filmed interviews. The addition of rare archive footage and personal photos of the veterans themselves aids the attempt to chart a new perspective on one of the most decisive conflicts in modern history.
The project focuses more on personal stories than on the chronological events of the war. What did the Vietnamese feel when they joined the army? When they first arrived at the front? How did they see their comrades? The enemy? Their families back at home? How did the families at home think of the men and the woman at the front?
Directed photographed and produced by Erik Pauser / Producer Dylan Williams / Editor Clas Lindberg / Music JeanLouis Huhta / Sound Ania Pauser, Nguyen Dinh Thien Y, Alan Hayslip / Additional photography Lars Siltberg / Location manager Nguyen Dinh Thien Y / Sound design Ove Valeskog Studio Snickeboa / Colorgrading and online Lars Siltberg, Henrik Lago / Postproduction facilities/ Presentationsdesign Cinepost studios / Translation Tue Nguyen Dinh, Thien Y, Thao Jörgenssen, Tran Thi Ha, Vu Tuan Anh, Nguyen Than Huong, Huonh Thi Than Nguyen, Pham Cong Phoung.
Produced by Brandklipparen Amp film / A coproduction with SVT – Axel Arnö / With support from The Swedish Film Institute – Hjalmar Palmgren / The Swedish Arts Grants Committee / YLE – Iikka Vekhalati / DR – Mette Hoffman / Längmanska Kulturfonden / Helge Ax:son Johnsons stiftelse
Archive: SVT / Doan Thi Cong / The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) / Vietnam Film institute / Larry Nibble Archives / Caprice record.
Producer Erik Pauser / Design Mats Renvall / Programming Nils Ola Nilsson / Site curators Erik Pauser, Sophie Holgersson, Ana Valdés / The webproject is supported by Framtidens kultur / Production company Brandklipparen.
Source : The Face of the Enemy, a Documentary Project
See also Story tellers gallery with:
Cu Chi commander – Tran Van Thuan
Doctor Pham Duong and his wife Truong Thi Ngoc Lan and their son Lam
Female Guerilla Fighters – Mrs. Tran Thi Nho, Mrs. Dang Thi Huong, Mrs. Le Thi Suong
Mrs Vo Thi Tram
Le Ly Hayslip
Mr. Do Duc Diu. Former soldier in the regular North Vietnamese army
Mr Diu: Hang – The daughter of Mr. Diu
Mr Diu: Mrs. Pham Niec
Mr. Nguyen van Ma and his wife Do Thi Bich Canh
Doan Thi Cong
To Tien Hoa
Hoang Van Tinh
Mr. Tran Thi Vong and his wife
Hoang Dinh Phuong