Tous les articles par indomemoires

Viêt-Nam, enfants de naguère: « Poussière de vie » – chronique de Didier Péron [1995]

[ndlr] Chronique de Didier Péron parue dans Libération à propos du film de Rachid Bouchared, Poussières de vie inspiré par La colline de Fanta, le roman de l’écrivain vietnamien Duyên Anh.

Cinéma. Viêt-Nam, enfants de naguère Poussières de vie, de Rachid Bouchareb, durée 1 h 27, avec Daniel Guyant, Gilles Chitlaphone, Jehan Pagés, Eric Nguyen… Lors du repli catastrophique des Américains du Viêt-Nam, beaucoup d’enfants, nés de pères GI, sont oubliés dans la tourmente. Rachid Bouchareb en a tiré «Poussières de vie», un film ambitieux qui manque toutefois de lyrisme.

SAIGON 1975. Les GI quittent le pays en pleine débandade et laissent derrière eux une masse d’enfants orphelins, métis amérasiens que le nouveau pouvoir en place se met en devoir de récupérer, histoire d’extirper à temps la mauvaise graine capitaliste de leur esprit encore tendre. Beaucoup, abandonnés, traînent dans les rues et sont raflés par centaines comme les prostitués, voleurs à la tire et autres «déchets de la bourgeoisie». Ces gamins ahuris et hirsutes vont atterrir après un pénible voyage en pleine brousse, dans les hauts-plateaux du Nord où les attendent une rééducation de fer dans un camp, vaste chantier inutile tenu par des militaires instructeurs fanatisés.

Lire la suite : Libération, 19/01/1995.

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Poussières de vie par Rachid Bouchareb

 

Rachid Bouchareb : « Nous avons reconstitué un camp en pleine jungle pour travailler dans un réalisme total… »

« J’ai souvent tourné avec des non-professionnels. Avec les enfants le travail est difficile, mais ils possèdent deux richesses : leur innocence et leur curiosité » confie le réalisateur de « Poussières de vie ».

« J’ai souvent tourné avec des non-professionnels. Avec les enfants le travail est difficile, mais ils possèdent deux richesses : leur innocence et leur curiosité. Dans ma collaboration avec eux, j’essaie surtout de les accompagner dans la traduction spontanée des sentiments et des émotions qu’ils me donnent sur le plateau ».

Lire la suite : Univers Ciné, 1995.

 

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L’histoire

Son, fils d’officier noir américain, et sa mère, vietnamienne, cherchent à quitter le pays. Mais sans papiers américains, ils sont contraints de rester. En revenant de l’école, Son est embarqué par les bô-doï (soldats vietnamiens) qui ramassent les enfants errant dans les rues de Saïgon. Orphelins, cireurs de chaussures, délinquants, ils sont les « poussières de vie » d’un monde en décomposition. Entassés dans deux camions, quatre-vingts gamins, dont une vingtaine d’Amérasiens, sont transbahutés à travers le pays vers les « camps de rééducation » des hauts plateaux du nord. Arrivés à destination, un camp en pleine jungle, ils sont astreints aux travaux de défrichage et soumis à l’ordre et à la morale révolutionnaires. Toute tentative d’évasion se termine dans la « cage aux tigres » avant le départ définitif vers la « Colline de Fanta » qui se dresse tout près et dont Son percera le terrible secret… Minutieux, il consignera précieusement cet événement dans son journal qu’il tient au jour le jour. Son, Bob et Petit Haï vont alors tenter la folle aventure de l’évasion en construisant un radeau pour descendre la rivière, rejoindre le fleuve, et de là atteindre, Saïgon, la mer, et peut-être même… les États-Unis.

A propos du film
« Le Vietnam et les États-Unis ont voulu effacer ces enfants de leur mémoire, ces « poussières de vie », comme on les appelait à Ho Chi Minh Ville, ex-Saïgon. Ces milliers d’enfants dont le physique et le visage métissé sont une présence trop voyante de la guerre. Alors, ayant retrouvé les mêmes préoccupations chez un autre cinéaste franco-vietnamien, nous avons décidé d’écrire et d’adapter ensemble le roman de Duyên Anh, « La Colline de Fanta« . Tourner ce film était pour moi une continuité par rapport au sujet que j’avais déjà abordé dans « Cheb« , mon précédent film, sur le brassage des races et des cultures. » (Rachid Bouchareb)

Source : Africultures, publié par mangona le 17/10/2006.

June 24 1979: Vietnamese Boat People – The Price of Freedom

[ndlr] Images rares d’un bateau de réfugiés vietnamiens sur le point de sombrer dans la mer à proximité des côtes malaises. Sauvetage en mer réussi et vue générale des réfugiés sur la plage de Poulo Bidong. [émission 60 Minutes, 1979]

June 24 1979 Vietnamese Boat People – The Price of Freedom

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Réfugiés : STIRN a poulo-bidong

Dans le cadre de la campagne française « aide aux réfugiés », Olivier Stirn, secrétaire d’Etat aux Affaires Etrangères, a rendu visite au camp de réfugiés de l’île de Poulo-Bidong et pour témoigner du soutien de la France aux boat people.- Visite du camp par la délégation.- Interview d’Olivier Stirn sur les conditions de vie deplorables de ce camp.- Visite du bateau « île de lumière » avec le docteur Kouchner.

INA, 2 juillet 1979.

Vietnam, China and the Boat People – by Peter Brush [2007]

This article is about the thousands of refugees who fled Vietnam following the 1975 victory by the Vietnamese Communists and the fall South Vietnam. © 2007 by Peter Brush

The war in Vietnam ended as it began: an armed conflict between Vietnamese factions. The price of losing a civil war is always high.[1] Some saw no future in the new Communist state. Many left, either by choice or by force. The exodus began in 1975 and continued into the 1980s. Although commonly referred to as ‘boat people,’ refugees departed Vietnam by air, land and sea. Different groups left for different reasons. The largest of these refugee groups were ethnic Chinese known in Vietnam as Hoa.[2] This article describes the Chinese minority in Vietnam and examines what caused hundreds of thousands of them to leave their homeland after the war.

Lire la suite / Read more : Peter Brush’s Webpage – Vanderbilt University Library

 

 

 

Một Chút Quà Cho Quê Hương – Khánh Ly – Việt Dzũng

 Một Chút Quà Cho Quê Hương – Khánh Ly – Việt Dzũng

Em gởi về cho anh dăm bao thuốc lá
Anh đốt cuộc đời cháy mòn trên ngón tay
Gởi về cho mẹ dăm chiếc kim may
Mẹ may hộ con tim gan quá đọa đầy

Gởi về cho chị dăm ba xấp vải
Chị may áo cưới hay chị may áo tang
Gởi về cho em kẹo bánh thênh thang
Em ăn cho ngọt vì đời nhiều cay đắng

Con gởi về cho cha một manh áo trắng
Cha mặc một lần khi ra pháp trường phơi thây
Gởi về Việt Nam nước mắt đong đầy
Mơ ước một ngày quê hương sẽ thanh bình

Em gởi về cho anh một cây bút máy
Anh vẽ cuộc đời như ước vọng mong manh
Gởi về cho mẹ dăm gói chè xanh
Mẹ pha hộ con nước mắt đã khô cằn

Gởi về cho chị hộp diêm nhóm lửa
Chị đốt cuộc đời trong hoang lạnh mù sương
Gởi về cho em chiếc nhẫn yêu thương
Em bán cho đời tìm đường vượt biên

Con gởi về cho cha vài viên thuốc ngủ
Cha chôn cuộc đời trong trong xứ tù chung thân
Gởi về Việt Nam khúc hát ân cần
Mơ ước yên lành…
trong giấc ngủ…. da…. vàng….

Nhạc Và Lời Việt Dzũng.

Musique et paroles de Viet Dzung, chanson interprêtée par Khanh Ly [extrait de Thuy Nga Paris].

Xin Đừng Quên Tôi – Forget me not – Ne m’oubliez pas

[ndlr] En 1995, Vietnam Exodus lançait une campagne intitulé « Xin Đừng Quên Tôi – Forget me not » auprès des réfugiés pour recueillir des informations sur les boat people disparus. Une mission en Thaïlande était organisée pour retrouver les jeunes filles et femmes boat people disparues (enlevées ou décédées en mer). L’avis de recherche ci-dessous a été posté sur You Tube en 2009 pour sensibiliser l’opinion internationale sur ce problème.

Exposition Boat people – Bateaux de l’exil [du 3 décembre 2009 au 2 mai 2010]

L’exposition présente un problème de société contemporain : l’exode vietnamien de la fin des années 1970. Elle s’appuie sur un témoignage unique et inédit : une authentique embarcation de réfugiés conservée en Bretagne, la seule en France à être étudiée comme un véritable bateau de mémoire du XXe siècle.

Outre la possibilité offerte pour l’exposition dévoquer les Droits de l’Homme, l’humanitaire, l’engagement de la presse dans l’action humanitaire et l’engagement de la Bretagne par le biais de ses marins : de Combrit, de Crozon, de Douarnenez, de Plérin, de Plouarzel… Ce sujet contient toutes les caractéristiques liées aux migrations des réfugiés avec, ici, en particulier, le passage par la mer entre deux terres, le bateau devenant le vecteur de la traversée vers une autre existence.

Visiter le site de l’exposition : Boat people – bateaux de l’exil

Journey from the Fall (Vượt Sóng) [2007]

Inspired by the true sto­ries of Vietnamese refu­gees who fled their land after the fall of Saigon—and those who were forced to stay behind, Journey From The Fall fol­lows one family’s strug­gle for free­dom.

April 30, 1975 marked the end of Vietnam’s two-decade-old civil war and the start of the exodus of hun­dreds of thou­sands of refu­gees. Despite his alle­giance to the top­pled South Vietnamese govern­ment, Long Nguyen (as Long Nguyen) deci­des to remain in Vietnam. Imprisoned in a Communist re-edu­ca­tion camp, he urges his family to make the escape by boat without him. His wife Mai (Diem Lien), son Lai (Nguyen Thai Nguyen) and mother Ba Noi (Kieu Chinh) then embark on the arduous ocean voyage in the hope of rea­ching the U.S. and free­dom. Back in Vietnam, Long suf­fers years of soli­tary confi­ne­ment and hard labor, and finally des­pairs that his family has peri­shed. But news of their suc­cess­ful reset­tle­ment in America ins­pi­res him to make one last des­pe­rate attempt to join them.

 

Review by Kim Voynar

The American version of the Vietnam War generally ends on April 30, 1975, the day the last of the U.S. troops and diplomats boarded planes and helicopters and left Vietnam. But for many Vietnamese, especially for those who had been loyal to the toppled South Vietnamese government, the fall of Saigon and the takeover of the Communist Viet Cong government was only the beginning of a long, terrible journey. Many of these citizens, loyal to the former government, found themselves incarcerated in Communist « re-education » camps for years. Still more Vietnamese, many of them women and children, fled Vietnam for other Southeast Asian countries or America, and became known as the « boat people. »

Lire la suite / Read more : Blog Moviefone, posted 23/03/2007.

 

Trailer for Journey from the Fall, directed by Ham Tran

Fiche du film sur Wikipedia

Sea Of Memory – A Vietnamese Boat Refugee Documentary Film – 2011

Sea Of Memory – A Vietnamese Boat Refugee Documentary Film – Ryan Nguyen, 2011.

After the Vietnam War ended on April 30, 1975, more than a million people fled the communist ruling by boats to the South China Sea. They faced obstacles such as pirate attacks, violent sea storms, thirst and starvation. Many lives were lost. Those that survived the journey immigrated to non-communist countries around the world. The majority of them found freedom and new life in the United States. My dad was one of them.

Voices of Vietnamese Boat People: Nineteen Narratives of Escape and Survival [2000]

On April 10, 1975, the Hanoi government of North Vietnam took control over the South. South Vietnamese, particularly « intellectuals » and those thought to have been associated with the previous regime, underwent terrible punishment, persecution and « re-education. » Seeking their freedom, thousands of South Vietnamese took to the sea in rickety boats, often with few supplies, and faced the dangers of nature, pirates, and starvation. While the sea and its danger claimed many lives, those who made it to the refugee camps still faced struggle and hardships in their quest for freedom.

Here are collected the narratives of nineteen men and women who survived the ordeal of escape by sea. Today, they live in the United States as students, professors, entrepreneurs, scientists, and craftspeople who have chosen to tell the stories of their struggles and their triumph. Each narrative is accompanied by a brief biographical note.

Mary Terrell Cargill is an associate professor of English at Christian Brothers University in Memphis, Tennessee. Jade Ngoc Quang Huynh, a native of Vietnam, is an assistant professor at Appalachian State University in Boone, North Carolina, where he teaches creative writing.

Réf. : Cargill, Mary Terrell & Huynh, Jade Ngoc Quang, Voices of Vietnamese Boat People: Nineteen Narratives of Escape and Survival, Jefferson, NC – London, Mc Farland, 2000, 192 p.

Aperçu Google Books

Nghia M. Vo: Vietnamese Boat People, 1954 and 1975-1992 [2006]

The biggest diaspora in Vietnamese history occurred between 1975 and 1992, when more than two million people fled by boat to escape North Vietnam’s oppressive communist regime. Before this well-known exodus from Vietnam’s shores, however, there was a massive population shift within the country. In 1954, one million fled from north to south to escape war, famine, and the communist land reform campaign. Many of these refugees went on to flee Vietnam altogether in the 1970s and 1980s, and the experiences of 1954 influenced the later diaspora in other ways as well.

This book reassesses the causes and dynamics of the 1975-92 diaspora. It begins with a discussion of Vietnam from 1939 to 1954, then looks closely at the 1954 « Operation Exodus » and the subsequent resettlements. From here the focus turns to the later events that drove hundreds of thousands of Vietnamese to flee their homeland in 1975 and the years that followed. Planning for escape, choosing routes, facing pirates at sea, and surviving the refugee camps are among the many topics covered. Stories of individual escapees are provided throughout. The book closes with a look at the struggles and achievements of the resettled Vietnamese. (McFarland book description).

Nghia M. Vo is a Vietnamese-American, helped found the nonprofit Saigon Arts, Culture & Education Institute, and has written multiple books on Vietnamese culture. He lives in Virginia. He strives to document Vietnamese-American culture through conferences, publications and a website www.sacei07.org. He is also the author of The Bamboo Gulag: Political Imprisonment in Communist Vietnam (McFarland 2004).

Réf. : Nghia M. Vo, The Vietnamese Boat People, 1954 and 1975-1992, Jefferson, NC – London, McFarland, 2006, 208 p.

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Book reviews

Concise history of Vietnamese Refugees, by Smallchief, 06/04/2007

This is a clear, readable, and concise book about Vietnamese refugees. There have been a large number of books on this subject, but this is one of the better and more complete ones I have encountered.

The author begins with a subject neglected by many authors — a description of the refugee flight that came about as a result of the French defeat and the Communist takeover of North Vietnam in 1954. About one million people fled North Vietnam at that time. He then jumps forward 20 years to an account of the many different phases of the 1975-1992 humanitarian crisis — and crisis it was — beginning as a consequence of the defeat of the U.S.-supported South Vietnamese government in 1975. Throughout the narrative, he mixes in the personal stories of individuals escaping from Communism, their life in the refugee camps, and their later experiences in the United States. Finally, he describes the refugee policies of the countries who hosted and helped — sometimes reluctantly — Vietnamese refugees: the United States, Thailand, Malaysia, France, Canada, Australia, and others.

The author draws most of his material from previously published books, but his insights often have a interesting twist of their own, perhaps because the author himself is Vietnamese, experienced some of the events he describes, and reflects the view — very anti-communist — of many in the American Vietnamese community.

Memories become history, by Viet Reader, 07/04/2007

I lived through all the periods of Vietnamese history mentioned in the book. I witnessed (as a child) the 1954 exodus from the North, the 1975 event leading to the concentration camps, the exodus of the boat people from Vietnam and their life outside of Vietnam. It’s quite an extraordinary and pleasant experience for me to read « The Vietnamese Boat People ». It’s like being led on an instructive tour to your own hometown, guided by a scholarly (and surgeon) friend who writes English in a way very few of us can, to revisit familiar places that you thought you have always known so well, only to find out that there are a lot of new things and perspectives about your own past and your country’s past. With the book,my own eclectic, personal pieces of memory seem to find their place in the jigsaw puzzle. It may help former refugees like myself, and hopefully our English speaking progeny, find a sense of meaning and purpose from our turbulent and traumatic past. For some of us, this may also provide some relief from lingering guilts and regrets about our past lost cause, and maybe, a sense of closure necessary to start a new chapter for our life and for our former country that still stays behind in every way.

Source : Amazon

Aperçu sur Google Books