Tous les articles par indomemoires

Terror in Little Saigon: A Second Exile by A.C. Thompson

[ndlr] Second volet de Terror in Little Saigon : le nouvel exil des victimes après les menaces de mort et tentatives d’assassinats. Cas de Doan Van Toai.

By 1989, Doan Van Toai had become a prominent commentator on the political affairs of Vietnam, his home country. Toai had witnessed the corruption of South Vietnam’s political leaders, and later suffered first-hand the brutality of the Communist victors after the war. Now, in America, he’d found cause for cautious optimism.

Toai wrote essays for publications including The Wall Street Journal. He’d done a stint as a researcher at Tufts University outside Boston, and launched an advocacy group called the Institute for Democracy in Vietnam. Working with a co-author, he had published a well-received memoir called The Vietnamese Gulag. He gave speeches around the world.

And then, on a summer morning outside Toai’s house in Fresno, California, a man armed with a .380-caliber pistol shot him. One bullet wrecked Toai’s jaw and destroyed six teeth before exiting beneath his left ear. Another ruined his intestines.

After the shooting, the Vietnamese Organization to Exterminate Communists and Restore the Nation took credit for the attempted murder of Toai. The FBI had long regarded the ostensible group — VOECRN — as a cover for the violent work of a very public organization founded years before by former South Vietnamese military officers. That group, formally known as the National United Front for the Liberation of Vietnam, had brought elements of the war back home to America. Its members wanted to re-take Vietnam and openly raised money to finance an army to do so. The FBI, over many years of frustrating investigation, had come to believe the group, known most commonly as the Front, was willing to kill or terrorize those in American who criticized its aims and operations.

Toai was one of those detractors, and his brush with death had an effect that doubtless pleased the Front. He gave up public writing. He abandoned the speeches.

Lire la suite / Read more : PBS, 01/12/2015.

Pour en savoir plus :

Kế hoạch hợp tác Mỹ với Việt Minh chống phát xít trước Cách mạng Tháng Tám [ANTG]

[ndlr] Retour sur le rôle de l’OSS auprès du Viêt-Minh. Une aide non négligeable dans la préparation des journées d’Août 1945.

Cuối năm 1944, một chiếc máy bay của Mỹ bị quân Nhật bắn hỏng máy trên vùng trời Hòa An, Cao Bằng, Trung úy phi công Shaw nhảy dù xuống khu rừng gần tỉnh lị được du kích Việt Minh cứu thoát và đưa về gặp lãnh tụ Hồ Chí Minh. Người đã quyết định đưa viên phi công sang Côn Minh trao trả cho đại diện quân đội Mỹ ở đây, vừa thể hiện thiện chí của Việt Minh, đồng thời cũng muốn khẳng định lực lượng Việt Minh đứng về phe Đồng minh cùng chống phát xít.

Sau những cuộc gặp gỡ giữa lãnh tụ Hồ Chí Minh với tướng Chennault, đại diện Tập đoàn Không quân số 14 của Đồng minh vào tháng 3/1945 và thiếu tá tình báo A. Patty của Cơ quan Tình báo chiến lược Mỹ OSS cuối tháng 4/1945, mối quan hệ hợp tác giữa Việt Minh và Đồng minh đã được thiết lập. Một chủ trương về việc Mỹ giúp đỡ vũ khí, phương tiện liên lạc và huấn luyện quân sự cho lực lượng Việt Minh chống phát xít đã được hai bên thỏa thuận.

Thực hiện giao ước này, các cán bộ Việt Minh ở Côn Minh đã viết truyền đơn bằng tiếng Việt gửi đến Không quân Mỹ để đem rải 8 vạn tờ ở miền Bắc Việt Nam khiến cho uy tín của Việt Minh tăng lên nhanh chóng như một lực lượng của phe Đồng minh chống phát xít. Ban không trợ mặt đất của Mỹ đã lập một mạng lưới vô tuyến điện từ Hà Nội đến Sài Gòn theo kế hoạch của OSS và  trung úy C. Fenn, phụ trách nhóm tình báo Đồng minh hoạt động ở Việt Nam, được giao nhiệm vụ làm liên lạc giữa OSS và Việt Minh.

Cuối tháng 5/1945, từ Tân Trào, lãnh tụ Hồ Chí Minh phái giao liên trao cho A. Patty tại Côn Minh một thông báo về việc quân Nhật xây dựng công sự ở Cao Bằng và trên đường về Hà Nội. Đầu tháng 6/1945, Người điện báo cho Patty đã chuẩn bị sẵn sàng hơn 1.000 quân du kích được huấn luyện tốt, tập trung ở Chợ Chu, Định Hóa.

Đến giữa tháng 6/1945, qua đầu mối Patty, Hồ Chí Minh biết tin sẽ có một toán quân Mỹ, bao gồm nhân viên kỹ thuật đưa theo thuốc men, lương thực, vũ khí nhẹ do một sĩ quan dẫn đầu sắp được thả dù xuống địa bàn Tuyên Quang và yêu cầu phía Việt Minh chuẩn bị đón.

Lire la suite : An Ninh The Gioi Online, 02/09/2015.

Image “à la une” : Đội Con Nai chuẩn bị nhảy dù / L’équipe du Cerf prête à sauter en parachute © ANTG

Pour en savoir plus

The Lost Mandate of Heaven: The American Betrayal of Ngo Dinh Diem, President of Vietnam

[ndlr] Le 1er novembre 1963, un coup d’État militaire renversait le Président Ngo Dinh Diem. Il fut assassiné à Cholon le jour suivant avec son frère Nhu. La Première République du Viêt-Nam s’éteignait (1955-1963) débouchant sur trois années de chaos politique.

Parution le 23 novembre 2015. Une nouvelle étude sur Ngo Dinh Diem sous forme de réhabilitation. Présentation des éditions catholiques Ignatius Press.

Ngo Dinh Diem, the first president of the Republic of Vietnam, possessed the Confucian “Mandate of Heaven”, a moral and political authority that was widely recognized by all Vietnamese. This devout Roman Catholic leader never lost this mandate in the eyes of his people; rather, he was taken down by a military coup sponsored by the U.S. government, which resulted in his brutal murder.

The-Lost-Mandate-of-HeavenThe commonly held view runs contrary to the above assertion by military historian Geoffrey Shaw. According to many American historians, President Diem was a corrupt leader whose tyrannical actions lost him the loyalty of his people and the possibility of a military victory over the North Vietnamese. The Kennedy Administration, they argue, had to withdraw its support of Diem.

Based on his research of original sources, including declassified documents of the U.S. government, Shaw chronicles the Kennedy administration’s betrayal of this ally, which proved to be not only a moral failure but also a political disaster that led America into a protracted and costly war. Along the way, Shaw reveals a President Diem very different from the despot portrayed by the press during its coverage of Vietnam. From eyewitness accounts of military, intelligence, and diplomatic sources, Shaw draws the portrait of a man with rare integrity, a patriot who strove to free his country from Western colonialism while protecting it from Communism.

“A candid account of the killing of Ngo Dinh Diem, the reasons for it, who was responsible, why it happened, and the disastrous results. Particularly agonizing for Americans who read this clearly stated and tightly argued book is the fact that the final Vietnam defeat was not really on battle grounds, but on political and moral grounds. The Vietnam War need not have been lost. Overwhelming evidence supports it.”
From the Foreword by James V. Schall, S.J., Professor Emeritus, Georgetown University

“Did I find a veritable Conradian ‘Heart of Darkness’? Yes, I did, but it was not in the quarter to which all popular American sources were pointing their accusatory fingers; in other words, not in Saigon but, paradoxically, within the Department of State back in Washington, D.C., and within President Kennedy’s closest White House advisory circle. The actions of these men led to Diem’s murder. And with his death, nine and a half years of careful work and partnership between the United States and South Vietnam was undone.”
Geoffrey Shaw, from the Preface

Geoffrey Shaw, Ph.D., received his doctorate in history from the University of Manitoba, with a focus on US diplomatic and military history in Southeast Asia. From 1994 to 2008 he was an Assistant Professor of History for the American Military University. He has written and spoken widely about US military involvement in Vietnam and the Middle East. Currently he is the President of the Alexandrian Defense Group, a think tank on counterinsurgency warfare.

Source : Ignatius

Nam Moi: A Young Girl’s Story of Her Family’s Escape from Vietnam

[ndlr] Paru le 19 mars 2015, le témoignage d’une famille vietnamienne d’origine chinoise (hakka) qui a quitté le Viêt-Nam en 1978. Présentation de l’éditeur.

CharleneLinUng_NamMoi

Saigon, November, 1978. Under the cover of darkness a desperate family leaves home and friends, hoping to escape the harsh regime of Communist Vietnam. Their goal is to reunite with the four oldest children sent ahead to the United States, but first they must evade ruthless communist patrols. Eleven-year-old Nam Moi is confused, afraid and now homeless. Her future seems bleak and devoid of hope. The risks are great, but it was not the first time her family had taken risks. Long ago, her Ung ancestors had migrated from China to northern Vietnam. When the country was partitioned in 1954, they moved again to South Vietnam.

Nam Moi, or “little girl from the South”, was born in Saigon during the Vietnam War. Her family survived the fighting, but living under Communist rule was very hard. After years of planning and debating, Nam Moi’s father made the bold decision to escape, in hope of finding a better life for his children somewhere else. Nam Moi had been taught that sometimes gambles must be taken for a better life. But would this huge gamble bring freedom or cost them all their lives?

Nam Moi: A Young Girl’s Story of Her Family’s Escape from Vietnam is a true story of triumph over repression, danger and hardship. Escaping from Vietnam meant traveling on a rusty cargo ship in the South China Sea for months, barely hanging onto life. Nam Moi’s father paid precious gold for the chance to escape the country, but the price the family paid to survive was much higher than gold. They had to start their lives all over again.

Charlene Lin Ung © 2015 Photo: T. Wynne

Today, few people know CHARLENE LIN UNG as Nam Moi. She has made a new life for herself and her two children in Los Angeles. In the United States since 1980, she has overcome many obstacles—learning a new language and culture, earning a bachelor’s and master’s degree in engineering and working for one of the top aerospace companies in the country. She is currently a successful engineering manager at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. Many years after her escape from the Communist Vietnam, she is still on a journey, but now it’s one of discovery to advance our knowledge about the solar system.

Site de l’auteure : Hakka Girl et page Facebook

Image “à la une” : Famille de Ung Ly Sang © 2015 Charlene Lin Ung

Amandine Dabat : Hàm Nghi (1871-1944) Empereur en exil, artiste à Alger [thèse]

[ndlr] Soutenance de thèse.

Amandine Dabat

Doctorante sous la direction du professeur Édith Parlier-Renault

Centre de Recherche sur l’Extrême Orient de Paris Sorbonne

Soutiendra sa thèse d’Histoire de l’Art intitulée :

Hàm Nghi (1871-1944) 

Empereur en exil, artiste à Alger

Le jeudi 3 décembre 2015, à 9h00

À l’Institut National d’Histoire de l’Art

Salle Perrot, 2e étage,
4-6 rue des Petits-Champs, 75002 Paris
Entrée par la Galerie Colbert.

La soutenance sera suivie d’un apéritif.

Le jury sera composé de :BronzeHamNghi

Mme Édith Parlier-Renault  
Professeur, Université Paris-Sorbonne

M. Antoine Gournay    
Professeur, Université Paris-Sorbonne

M. Philippe Papin    
Directeur d’études, École Pratique des Hautes Études (EPHE)

Mme Nora Taylor    
Professeur, School of the Art Institute of Chicago (SAIC)

Mme Vũ Thị Minh Hương   
Directrice générale émérite des Archives d’État du Vietnam

Résumé de la thèse

Hàm Nghi (1871-1944), empereur patriote selon l’historiographie vetnamienne, victime ou acteur de la résistance anticoloniale selon les historiens français, fut exilé à Alger dans l’espoir de mettre fin au mouvement Cần Vương. Déporté à l’âge de dix-huit ans, pion sur l’échiquier politique de l’Indochine, il était considéré par une partie des autorités françaises comme un homme politique influent. Il fut surveillé toute sa vie et ne fut jamais autorisé à entrer en contact avec l’Indochine. Cependant, celui qui était désormais appelé « prince d’Annam », noua des amitiés avec des élèves vietnamiens au lycée d’Alger, des officiers et des missionnaires français, qui circulaient entre l’Indochine, l’Algérie et la métropole. Ces intermédiaires lui permirent de conserver un lien avec l’Indochine. Hàm Nghi consacra sa vie à l’art. Il devint peintre et sculpteur. Il fut l’élève du peintre orientaliste Marius Reynaud, du sculpteur Auguste Rodin, et fréquenta de nombreux artistes de son époque. Les archives nationales, vietnamiennes et françaises, nous apprennent les aspects administratifs de son exil : seul le point de vue du gouvernement français est alors connu. Les archives privées du fonds Hàm Nghi, récemment découvertes, apportent le regard intime de l’empereur exilé sur sa vie, par l’intermédiaire de sa correspondance. Ces documents permettent d’écrire une biographie et d’établir un catalogue raisonné de son œuvre.

HamNghi_CanVuong

Hàm Nghi (1971-1944), patriotic emperor according to Vietnamese historiography, victim or actor of the resistance against colonisation according to French historians, was sent into exile in Algiers in order to end the movement called Cần Vương. Deported when he was eighteen years old, pawn on the political chessboard of Indochina, he was considered by some French authorities to be an influential political figure. He was kept under surveillance his entire life and was never allowed contact with Indochina. Hàm Nghi, who was henceforth called “prince of Annam”, nevertheless established friendships with Vietnamese students of the Algiers highschool, and with officiers and missionnaries who travelled between Indochina, Algeria and France. These intermediaries helped him to maintain a connection with Indochina. Hàm Nghi dedicated his life to art. He became a painter and a sculptor. He was the student of the orientalist painter Marius Reynaud and of the sculptor Auguste Rodin, and he associated with many artists of his day. Previously the Vietnamese and French national archives informed us of the administrative aspects of the emperor’s exile, revealing only the point of view of the French government. Today the private archives of Hàm Nghi’s collection bring us the personal view of the emperor on his life. These documents enable us to write a biography and a catalogue raisonné.

Illustrations et image “à la une” : collection Amandine Dabat

Anthony Reid, A History of Southeast Asia: Critical Crossroads, Wiley Blackwell, 2015 – Review

[ndlr] Signalement d’un CR de lecture par le  Professeur Craig J. Reynolds.

Reid_AHistoryOfSEA_2015

I first read this book in the warm humid climate of northern Queensland. As in Java, volcanic activity early in the earth’s history has left rich, fertile soil where grains, fruit and vegetables thrive. Rainfall can be plentiful or sparse; irrigation and water control are the keys to taming nature’s whims. This setting was just right to appreciate Tony Reid’s comprehensive, detailed and readable history of Southeast Asia. The book begins with a discussion of the people inhabiting the region’s humid tropics. As with many studies of the past being written today, climate and geography are not mere backgrounds but causal in human history.

Among the book’s many virtues is Reid’s ability to break down the two thousand years he had to cover in order to guide the reader through space and time. He encapsulates periods concisely in chapters of modest size. The charter era; gunpowder kings; becoming a tropical plantation; the last stand of Asian autonomies; the victory of the nationalist idea in the 1930s; the military, monarchy and Marx; and the making of nations and making minorities are just some of the themes pursued in this book. Without fussing about overlaps and exceptions, he divides the region’s religions five ways: the Islamised south; the Theravada Buddhist north; the Christianised east; Confucian Viet culture; and older Southeast Asian religious practices. Some readers will recognise the Age of Commerce (1580-1630) as the book’s centre of gravity but considering the geographical and temporal challenges he faced, I felt the coverage was remarkably even.

Reid says Southeast Asia is not India and not China but in doing so, asserts that the region cannot be understood without considering these Asian giants. Interactions with India and China are one of the book’s strongpoints, although I thought that the analysis of the relationship with China was more insightful than with India. To come to terms with the complexities of the twentieth century, he defines and develops an idea of Southeast Asian modernity by making comparisons with early modern Europe. In one of his most ambitious statements, this comparison leads him to state that the region played the most central role in world history as a crucible for the birth of modernity and the unification of markets. Women were especially vital in Southeast Asian economies as traders, healers, therapists and occasionally, rulers.

Lire la suite / Read more : Australian Institute of International Affairs

Colloque international franco-khmer “Mémoire des lieux – lieux de mémoire et création : architecture, ville, territoire” [4-5/12/2015]

[ndlr] Annonce d’un important colloque international au Cambodge.

Center of Khmer Studies (CKS) Vat Damnak – Siem Reap –

4 et 5 décembre 2015

Colloque international Franco-Khmer

“Mémoire des lieux :

lieux de mémoire et création : architecture, ville, territoire”

AfficheColloqueFrancoKhmer_2015

Organisateur : Center for Khmer Studies, Royal University of Fine-Arts of Phnom Penh, École Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Paris-Belleville, Research Unit UMR AUSser of the French National Center of Scientific Research, Architectural and Urban Research Network “Métropoles d’Asie Pacifique”.

Accédez au programme en anglais : programme-en-anglais

Programme :

Vendredi 4 Décembre 2015

Accueil

Bienvenue et présentation de la journée : Krisna Uk, directrice du Center of Khmer Studies, Chandevy Men-Sisowath, Directrice du centre du patrimoine du Cambodge, vice-rectrice de l’Université Royale des Beaux-Arts de Phnom Penh, Nathalie Lancret, Directrice de recherche CNRS, directrice de l’UMR AUSser

Aménagement des lieux de mémoire
modérateur: Pierre Clément

  • Philippe Prost, Professeur à l’Ecole nationale supérieure d’architecture de Paris-Belleville et président de son conseil d’administration, chercheur UMR AUSser
    « Anneau de la mémoire » : pas de création sans mémoire

Pause

  • Serge Remy, consultant, chef d’étude pour la revalorisation patrimoniale du centre de conférence Chaktomuk à Phnom Penh (Agence française de Développement)
    Patrimoine de l’inhumanité : de la douleur à la reconnaissance
  • Directrice du centre du patrimoine du Cambodge, vice-rectrice de l’Université Royale des Beaux-Arts de Phnom Penh
    Enjeux de la valorisation des lieux de mémoire au Cambodge

Discussion

Déjeuner

Patrimoine urbain et projets
modérateur: Nathalie Lancret

  • Pierre Clément, Professeur honoraire de l’ENSA de Paris-Belleville, chercheur associé UMR AUSser
    Patrimoine et création, les leçons des villes d’Asie du Sud-Est
  • Pornthum Timtimol, Architecte paysagiste, département de Beaux-Arts du Ministère de la Culture (Thaïlande)
    Permanences urbaines et paysagères dans l’urbanisation de Rattanakosin (Bangkok)
  • Vipakorn Thumwimol, Architecte paysagiste, présidente de l’association thaïlandaise des architectes paysagistes (Thai Association of Landscape Architects)
    La mémoire des lieux dans les projets de paysage en Thaïlande
  • Natacha Pakker, Ecole de Chaillot
    Une approche de traitement des lieux de mémoires à travers les différents ateliers et projets en Asie de Sud Est et ailleurs (Europe de l’est, Maghreb)

Pause

Conclusion

table ronde animée par François Brouat, directeur de l’Ecole nationale supérieure d’architecture de Paris-Belleville, avec :

  • Bruno Favel, chef du département des affaires européennes et internationales, direction générale des patrimoines du ministère de la Culture et de la Communication
  • Ros Borath, Président du comité national pour le patrimoine mondial, Directeur général adjoint des monuments et de l’archéologie du site d’Angkor
  • Chandevy Men-Sisowath, Directrice du centre du patrimoine du Cambodge, vice-rectrice de l’Université Royale des Beaux-Arts de Phnom Penh

Samedi 5 Décembre 2015

Accueil

  • François Brouat, Directeur de l’Ecole nationale supérieure d’architecture de Paris-Belleville –  ENSA Paris-Belleville
    Une coopération internationale au long cours. Un réseau pluridisciplinaire pour la recherche et l’enseignement
  • Cyril Ros, enseignant à l’ENSA de Paris-Belleville, chercheur associé UMR AUSser
    Point de vue sur l’enseignement du projet architectural et urbain en Asie du Sud-Est
  • Aline Hétreau-Pottier, membre de l’équipe Asie de l’ENSA de Paris-Belleville
    Le relevé d’architecture et les enquêtes ethnographiques
  • Cyril Ros, Serge Rémy et Nathalie Lancret
    Présentation du projet sur la station balnéaire de Kep et son territoire
  • Virginie Picon-Lefebvre, Professeur à l’ENSA de Paris-Belleville, chercheur UMR AUSser
    La narration touristique et la fabrique des territoires

Pause

Présentation des étudiants

Exposition et buffet

Source : AUSSER