Archives par mot-clé : victimes

Séminaire “Mémoires d’Indochine” 2014 : Séance 6

Année universitaire 2014-2015 / Master Asie Orientale Contemporaine (ASIOC) / Semestre 1

 

Mémoires d’Indochine :

La décolonisation et la guerre

vécues par les populations du Viêt-Nam, du Laos et du Cambodge

Mémoiresd'Indochine_2014

Séance 6 – Mardi 18 novembre 2014

« Femmes dans les guerres d’Indochine »

Cette séance abordera la question des femmes aux prises d’une décolonisation brutale et celle de leur mobilisation dans la guerre civile vietnamienne de part et d’autre du 17ème Parallèle. Pour illustrer cette thématique, nous nous appuierons sur une nouvelle littéraire de Lê Minh Khuê évoquant le sort des jeunes filles des Jeunesses de choc (TNXP) sur le front de guerre en RDVN et un témoignage clé de l’écrivaine Nha Ca sur les ravages de la guerre à Huê en 1968. Deux expériences directes de la guerre du Viêt-Nam.

Extraits de textes à discuter :

  • Lê Minh Khuê, “Lointaines étoiles”, in Lointaines étoiles, Hanoi, Editions en Langues Etrangères, 1973, pp. 10-37.

 

* * *

Exposés oraux sur le Cambodge des Khmers Rouges (croire et mentir) :

  • Bernard, Alexia, CR de lecture de : Chuth Khay, Comment j’ai menti aux Khmers Rouges, Paris : L’Harmattan, 2004.

 

Pour aller plus loin :

  • Doan Cam Thi, « Femme, fantasme et guerre. Genèse d’une parole libre dans “La survivante de la Forêt qui rit”, nouvelle vietnamienne de 1991 », La revue des ressources, 2 avril 2007.
  • Nathalie Huynh Chau Nguyen, Memory is another country. Women of the Vietnamese Diaspora, Santa Barbara, California: Praeger, 2009. (traduit en français sous le titre : La mémoire est un autre pays. Femmes de la diaspora vietnamienne, Paris, Riveneuve éditions, 2013).
  • Phan Thanh Hao & Karen G. Turner, Even the Women Must Fight. Memories of War from North Vietnam, New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1998.
  • Sandra C. Taylor, Vietnamese Women at war. Fighting for Ho Chi Minh and the revolution, Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, Modern war studies, 1999.
  • Gina Marie Weaver, Ideologies of Forgetting. Rape in the Vietnam War, New York: State University of New York Press, 2010.
  • Guillemot, François, Des Vietnamiennes dans la guerre civile. L’autre moitié de la guerre, 1945-1975, Paris : Les Indes savantes, 2014.

Gareth Porter’s articles on the bloodbath myths in Vietnam [danlambao]

[ndlr] Signalement d’un article de Cao Dac Tuan relançant le débat autour des articles de l’historien engagé Gareth Porter publiés dans les années 1970 : l’un concerne la réforme agraire en RDVN et l’autre le massacre de 1968 à Hue. Sur le blog dissident Dan Lam Bao, Cao Dac Tuan livre son point de vue sur cette bataille de chiffres incarnation de deux désastres humains dans un Viêt-Nam en révolution et en guerre. De quoi nourrir notre réflexion sur les sources historiques, leurs constructions et leurs interprétations.

 

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Abstract: In the 1970s, Gareth Porter, an anti-war American scholar, published two articles on the land reform campaign in North Vietnam in the 1950s and the massacre at Huế in the Tết Offensive 1968, calling these myths. Porter’s articles are full of distortions and devoid of scholarship. Porter committed several logical fallacies in his reasoning and reflected a malicious misrepresentation of facts to suit his political stand.

In the 1970s, Gareth Porter, an anti-war American scholar, has written a number of articles opposing the Vietnam War (Wikipedia 2014a). Porter is one of many anti-war American scholars including Noam Chomsky, Edward Herman, and Marilyn Young. One of Porter’s specialties is to hunt down statistical information provided by the anti-communist Vietnamese and Americans, looking for errors or mistakes to make a case for accusing these authors of lying, mis-representation, or exaggeration. While the objective of truth finding is commendable, Porter’s one-sided approach is seriously flawed and renders him a communist propagandist who uses cheap and malicious tricks to attack others.

There are two myths that Porter has raised: the bloodbath in North Vietnam’s land reform campaign (1953 – 1956) and the Huế massacre in 1968 (Wikipedia 2014). As will be presented in the following, the truths about the bloody land reform program and the massacre at Huế have been known for many years. Nevertheless, Porter’s articles still appear as references in many sources, including the Internet, and are exploited to the maximum by the Vietnamese communists in their propaganda.

Lire la suite : Dan Lam Bao, 14/11/2014.

Cao Dac Tuan est arrivé aux États-Unis en 1975 en tant que réfugié. Il a reçu un doctorat en génie électrique et un diplôme en droit. Il a enseigné le génie informatique et de l’informatique dans une université d’État. Il est actuellement avocat spécialisé dans le droit de la propriété intellectuelle. Il vit avec sa famille dans le comté d’Orange (Orange County), en Californie du Sud. Il a publié un recueil de nouvelles sur trame historique intitulé Fire in the rain en 2014.

Public Insecurity: Deaths in Custody and Police Brutality in Vietnam [HRW Report]

[ndlr] A lire en ligne, le rapport édifiant de Human Rights Watch sur les violences policières au Viêt-Nam de ces dernières années (2010-2014). Attention, certaines images des corps des victimes maltraitées peuvent heurter la sensibilité des lecteurs. Sommaire ci-dessous.

 

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Public Insecurity

Deaths in Custody and Police Brutality in Vietnam

September 16, 2014

This 96-page report highlights cases of police brutality that resulted in deaths and serious injuries of people in custody between August 2010 and July 2014. Human Rights Watch documented abuses in 44 of Vietnam’s 58 provinces, throughout the country, and in all five of the country’s major cities.

Map

Summary

Deaths in Custody

Custodial Torture

Sources of Police Abuse

Key Recommendations

To the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam

Methodology

I. The Vietnamese Police

Police Force Structure

II. Cases of Death in Police Custody

Deaths in Custody that Police Admit Were the Result of Police Violence

Killing of Nguyen Huu Thau: July 4, 2014

Killing of Huynh Nghia: February 14, 2014

Killing of Tu Ngoc Thach: December 31, 2013

Killing of Y Ket Bdap: November 27, 2013

Killing of Nguyen Van Ai: January 18, 2013

Killing of Bui Van Loi: December 10, 2012

Killing of Nguyen Tuan Thanh: November 17, 2012

Killing of Nguyen Mau Thuan: August 30, 2012

Killing of Nguyen Manh Son: June 22, 2012

Killing of Ngo Thanh Kieu: May 13, 2012

Killing of Tran Gon: August 8, 2011

Killing of Tran Van Du: March 30, 2011

Killing of Trinh Xuan Tung: March 8, 2011

Killing of Le Phuc Hung: August 1, 2010

Deaths in Custody from Unexplained Causes

Death of Nguyen Van Duc: May 29, 2013

Death of Nguyen Quoc Tuan: January 28, 2013

Death of Bui Huu Vu: April 11, 2012

Death of Hoang Dang Loc: August 26, 2011

Deaths in Custody Allegedly from Suicide

Alleged Suicide of Do Van Binh: April 14, 2014

Alleged Suicide of Hoang Van Ngai: March 17, 2013

Alleged Suicide of Tran Van Tan: January 3, 2013

Alleged Suicide of Le Quang Trong: March 19, 2012

Alleged Suicide of Le Van Tran: August 11, 2011

Alleged Suicide of Nguyen Cong Nhut: April 25, 2011

Deaths in Police Custody Allegedly from Illness

Death of Cao Van Tuyen: July 5, 2013

Death of Nguyen Van Van: June 12, 2012

Death of Dang Van Tri: November 15, 2011

Death of Huynh Thanh Thang: October 7, 2011

III. Injuries in Police Custody Due To Police Abuse

Beating of Six Men: July – December 2013

Beating of Le Hoai Nhan: June 3, 2013

Beating of Huynh Su Nguyen: May 10, 2013

Beating of Van Duc Ngan: April 2, 2013

Beating of Hoang Cu: February 20, 2013

Beating of Nguyen Huu Tien: November 23, 2012

Beating of Seven Youths: August 26, 2012

Beating of Tran Dinh Hoa: July 25, 2012

Beating of Nguyen Truong Vu and Truong Chi Binh: July 26, 2011

Beating of Pham Quang Son: December 28, 2010

Beating of Nguyen Van Khanh: October 17, 2010

Beatings of Children

IV. Recommendations

To the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam

Accountability

Institutional Reform

Legal and Policy Reform

To the Vietnamese National Assembly

To Governments and International Bodies Funding Vietnamese Legal Reform or Concerned with Human Rights in Vietnam, including the United States, Australia, European Union, Japan, United Nations, World Bank, and Asian Development Bank

Acknowledgements

Source : HRW (lien direct pour le texte en ligne)

Jeunes victimes de l’Agent orange, 40 ans après la guerre

[ndlr] Le Daily Mail vient de mettre en ligne un reportage photographique sur les victimes actuelles de l’agent orange, le défoliant déversé par l’armée américaine il y a plus de quarante ans. Voici la troisième génération de victimes… Les photographies sont de Brian Driscoll.

AgentOrangeVictimNguyenPham
Third generation Agent Orange victim Nguyen Pham, 11, deaf, blind and cannot speak has been bed ridden for a great portion of his life. © Brian Driscoll

Generation Orange: Heartbreaking portraits of Vietnamese children suffering from devastating effects of toxic herbicide sprayed by US Army 40 years ago

They were born decades after American forces had sprayed the herbicide dioxin Agent Orange in South Vietnam, but some children living in the region today continue to suffer from the horrifying effects of the chemical.

New York City-based photographer Brian Driscoll traveled to Vietnam to document the everyday struggles of third generation Agent Orange victims battling dozens of serious ailments, physical deformities and mental disorders.

Driscoll was inspired to take up this difficult topic by his uncle, a Vietnam War veteran who may have been one of estimated 2.6 million U.S. soldiers believed to have been exposed to Agent Orange in the 1960s.

Read more: Daily Mail, 25/08/2013.